Barron's 3500 List 28

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Barron's 3500 List 28
2013-03-17 21:36:30

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  1. lament
    V. /悲伤,恸哭/grieve; express sorrow. Even advocates of the war lamented the loss of so many lives in combat. lamenta¬tion, N.
  2. lampoon
    V. /讽刺的/ridicule. This article lampoons the pretensions of some movie moguls. also N.
  3. languid
    ADJ. /疲倦的,无精打采的/weary; sluggish; listless. Her siege of illness left her languid and pallid.
  4. languish
    V. /无力的,憔悴的/lose animation; lose strength. Left at Miss Minchin's school for girls while her father went off to war, Sarah Crewe refused to languish; instead, she hid her grief and actively befriended her less fortunate classmates.
  5. languor
    N. /衰弱,萧条/lassitude; depression. His friends tried to over¬come the languor into which he had fallen by taking him to parties and to the theater.
  6. lap
    V. /舔食,泼溅/take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gen¬tly. The kitten neatly lapped up her milk. The waves softly lapped against the pier.
  7. larceny
    N. /盗窃/theft. Because of the prisoner's record, the dis¬trict attorney refused to reduce the charge from grand lar¬ceny to petty larceny.
  8. larder
    N. /食品室;储藏室/pantry; place where food is kept. The first thing Bill did on returning home from school was to check what snacks his mother had in the larder.
  9. largess
    N. /赠送;赠礼/generous gift. Lady Bountiful distributed largess to the poor.
  10. lassitude
    N. /疲乏/languor; weariness. After a massage and a long soak in the hot tub, I gave in to my growing lassitude and lay down for a nap.
  11. latent
    ADJ. /潜在的/potential but undeveloped; dormant; hidden. Polaroid pictures are popular at parties, because you can see the latent photographic image gradually appear before your eyes.
  12. lateral
    ADJ. /侧面的,侧向的/coming from the side. In order to get good plant growth, the gardener must pinch off all lateral shoots.
  13. latitude
    N. /范围/freedom from narrow limitations. I think you have permitted your son too much latitude in this matter.
  14. laud
    V. /赞美/praise. The NFL lauded Boomer Esiason's efforts to raise money to combat cystic fibrosis. laudable, lauda¬tory,ADJ.
  15. lavish
    ADJ. /浪费的,大方的/liberal; wasteful. The actor's lavish gifts pleased her. alsoV.
  16. Iax
    ADJ. /粗心/careless. We dislike restaurants where the service is lax and inattentive.
  17. leaven
    V. /发酵/cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven. As bread dough is leavened, it puffs up, expanding in volume.
  18. lechery
    N. /好色;动机不纯/lustfulness; impurity in thought and deed. In his youth he led a life of lechery and debauchery; he did not mend his ways until middle age. lecherous,ADJ.
  19. leery
    ADJ. /机敏的;狡猾的/suspicious; cautious. Don't eat the sushi at this restaurant; I'm a bit leery about how fresh the raw fish is.
  20. legacy
    N. /遗赠/a gift made by a will. Part of my legacy from my parents is an album of family photographs.
  21. legend
    N. /图例/explanatory list of symbols on a map. The leg¬end at the bottom of the map made it clear which symbols stood for rest areas along the highway and which stood for public camp sites. (secondary meaning)
  22. legerdemain
    N. /戏法;花招/sleight of hand. The magician demon¬strated his renowned legerdemain.
  23. leniency
    N. /温和;宽大,仁慈/mildness; permissiveness. Considering the gravity of the offense, we were surprised by the leniency of the sentence.
  24. lethal
    ADJ. /致命的/deadly. It is unwise to leave lethal weapons where children may find them.
  25. lethargic
    ADJ. /昏睡的;瞌睡的/drowsy; dull. The stuffy room made her lethargic: she felt as if she was about to nod off.
  26. levitate
    V. /升空漂浮(魔法)/float in the air (especially by magical means). As the magician passed his hands over the recumbent body of his assistant, she appeared to rise and levitate about three feet above the table.
  27. levity
    N. /轻佻,轻浮/lack of seriousness; lightness. Stop giggling and wriggling around in the pew: such levity is improper in church.
  28. levy
    V. /征收/impose (a fine); collect (a payment). Crying "No taxation without representation," the colonists demonstrated against England's power to levy taxes.
  29. lewd
    ADJ. /淫荡的,下流的,好色的;猥亵的/lustful. They found his lewd stories objectionable.
  30. lexicographer
    N. /字典编纂者/compiler of a dictionary. The new dictio¬nary is the work of many lexicographers who spent years compiling and editing the work.
  31. lexicon
    N. /字典/dictionary. I cannot find this word in any lexicon in the library.
  32. liability
    N. /责任;缺点;债/drawback; debts. Her lack of an extensive vocab¬ulary was a liability that she was eventually able to overcome.
  33. liaison
    N. /联络;连音/contact keeping parts of an organization in com¬munication; go-between; secret love affair. As the liaison between the American and British forces during World War II, the colonel had to ease tensions between the leaders of the two armies. Romeo's romantic liaison with Juliet ended in tragedy.
  34. libel
    N. /诽谤;中伤/defamatory statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character. If Batman wrote that the Joker was a dirty, 'rotten, mass-murdering criminal, could the Joker sue Batman for libel?
  35. liberator
    N. /解放者/one who sets free. Simon Bolivar, who led the South American colonies in their rebellion against Spanish rule, is known as the great liberator. liberate,V.
  36. libretto
    N. /歌词,剧本(舞剧,歌剧的)/text of an opera. The composer of an opera's music is remembered more frequently than the author of its libretto.
  37. licentious
    ADJ. /不道德的;下流的;放纵的/amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained. Unscrupulously seducing the daughter of his host, Don Juan felt no qualms about the immorality of his licentious behavior.
  38. lilliputian
    ADJ. /极小的/extremely small. Tiny and delicate, the model was built on a lilliputian scale. also N.
  39. limber
    ADJ. /柔韧的;可塑的/flexible. Hours of ballet classes kept him limber.
  40. limerick
    N. /五行打油诗/humorous short verse. The limerick form is the best; its meter is pure anapest. A limerick's fun for most everyone, and the word may occur on your test.
  41. limpid
    ADJ. /清澈/clear. A limpid stream ran through his property.
  42. linchpin
    N. /关键/something that holds or links various parts together. The linchpin in the district attorney's case was a photograph showing the defendant shaking hands with the hired killer.
  43. lineage
    N. /血统/descent; ancestry. He traced his lineage back to Mayflower days.
  44. linger
    V. /逗留;闲逛;流连/loiter or dawdle; continue or persist. Hoping to see Juliet pass by, Romeo lingered outside the Capulet house for hours. Though Mother made stuffed cabbage on Monday, the smell lingered around the house for days.
  45. linguistic
    ADJ. /语言的/pertaining to language. The modern tourist will encounter very little linguistic difficulty as English has become an almost universal language.
  46. liniment
    N. /药膏;擦油/ointment; lotion; salve. The trainer carefully applied the liniment to the quarterback's bruise, gently rub¬bing it into the skin.
  47. lionize
    V. /奉为名人;游览名胜/treat as a celebrity. She enjoyed being lionized and adored by the public.
  48. liquidate
    V. /清算/settle accounts; clearup. He was able to liqui¬date all his debts in a short period of time.
  49. list
    V. /倾斜/tilt; lean over. That flagpole should be absolutely vertical; instead, it lists to one side. (secondary meaning)
  50. listless
    ADJ. /倦怠的,冷漠的/lacking in spirit or energy. We had expected him to be full of enthusiasm and were surprised by his list¬less attitude.
  51. litany
    N. /连续虔诚的祈祷/supplicatory prayer. On this solemn day, the con¬gregation responded to the prayers of the priest during the litany with fervor and intensity.
  52. lithe
    ADJ. /柔软的/flexible; supple. Her figure was lithe and willowy.
  53. litigation
    N. /诉讼/lawsuit. Try to settle this amicably; I do not want to become involved in litigation. litigant, N.
  54. livid
    ADJ. /铅灰色的;青一块紫一块的;暴怒的/lead-colored; black and blue; enraged. His face was so livid with rage that we were afraid that he might have an attack of apoplexy.
  55. loath
    ADJ. /不情愿的;勉强/reluctant; disinclined. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
  56. loathe
    V. /厌恶;增武/detest. Booing and hissing, the audience showed how much they loathed the wicked villain.
  57. lofty
    ADJ. /高高在上的/very high. Though Barbara Jordan's fellow stu¬dents used to tease her about her lofty ambitions, she rose to hold one of the highest positions in the land.
  58. log
    N. /日志;圆木/record of a voyage or flight; record of day to day activities. "Flogged two seamen today for insubordination" wrote Captain Bligh in the Bounty's log. To see how much work I've accomplished recently, just take a look at the number of new files listed on my computer log.
  59. loiter
    V. /闲逛;徘徊/hang around; linger. The policeman told him not to loiter in the alley.
  60. loll
    V. /懒洋洋的坐或靠/lounge about. They lolled around in their chairs watching television.
  61. longevity
    N. /长命不老/long life. When he reached ninety, the old man was proud of his longevity.
  62. loom
    V. /织布机/appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged or distorted form). The shadow of the gallows loomed threat¬eningly above the small boy.
  63. lope
    V. /慢跑/gallop slowly. As the horses loped along, we had an opportunity to admire the ever-changing scenery. loquacious ADJ. talkative. Though our daughter barely says a word to us these days, put a phone in her hand and see how loquacious she can be: our phone bills are out of sight! loquacity, N.
  64. lout
    N. /笨人,呆子/clumsy person. That awkward lout dropped my priceless vase!
  65. low
    V. /牛叫,哞/moo. From the hilltop, they could see the herd like ants in the distance; they could barely hear the cattle low.