Psych Chapter 13- Motivation and Emotion

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emilyyx14
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208014
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Psych Chapter 13- Motivation and Emotion
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2013-03-18 13:12:31
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Psych
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Psych
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  1. a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior 
    motive
  2. the biological or psychological requirements for the well-being of an organism
    need
  3. conditions of arousal or tension within an organism that motivate the organism; usually associated with a need 
    drives
  4. complex, unlearned behaviors that are present through a species 
    instincts
  5. an internal balance or equilibrium that is achieved through adjustments of the nervous system
    homeostasis
  6. according to Maslow, the self-motivated striving to reach one's potential 
    self-actualization
  7. a condition characterized by excessive body fat
    obesity 
  8. desires for increased stimulation 
    stimulus motives
  9. a state in which there is little or no sensory stimulation 
    sensory deprivation
  10. the desire to persevere with work and to avoid distraction in order to reach personal goals
    achievement motivation
  11. achievements motivated by concrete, external reward
    performance goals
  12. achievements that are motivated by the desire to enhance one's knowledge and skills
    learning goals
  13. something external given in response to the attainment of a goal, such as good grades
    extrinsic awards
  14. internal rewards, such as self-satisfaction, that are given in response to the attainment of a goal
    intrinsic awards
  15. the state in which a person's thoughts and behaviors match his or her beliefs and the expectations of others
    cognitive consistency
  16. the view that people have a need to organize their perceptions, opinions, and beliefs in a manner that is in harmony with those of the people around them
    balance theory
  17. a state in which people who have strong feelings about each other disagree on a major issue
    imbalance
  18. in balance theory, a condition in which people who dislike each other or have no feeling for each other feel indifferent if they disagree
    nonbalance
  19. the theory that suggests that people make attitudinal changes to reduce the tension that occurs when their thoughts 
    cognitive-dissonance theory
  20. the desire to join with others and to be a part of something larger than oneself
    affiliation
  21. states of feeling that involve physical arousal, expressive behaviors, and conscious experience 
    emotions
  22. according to Solomon, the idea that an intense emotion often is followed by its opposite
    opponent-process theory

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