Joint movements

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Author:
Wesleypjones
ID:
208096
Filename:
Joint movements
Updated:
2013-03-18 19:52:20
Tags:
Joint movements
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Description:
Joint movements
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  1. Gliding
    a movement of relatively flat bone surfaces back and forth and side to side over one another; little change in the angle between bones.
  2. angular
    increase or decrease in the angle between articulating bones, usually in the sagittal plane.
  3. angular: flexion
    decrease in the angle between articulating bones ex noding yes
  4. angular: extension
    increase in the angle between articulating bones ex returning head to anatomical position after noding
  5. Angular: hyperextension
    extension beyond the anatomical (head backwards)
  6. Angular: abduction
    movement of a bone away from the midline, usually in the frontal plane, arm goes straight out to the side
  7. Angular: adduction
    movement of a bone toward the midline, usually in the frontal plane , arm returns to side
  8. Angular: circumduction
    flexion, abduction, extension, adduction in succession, in which the distal end of a body part moves in a circle
  9. Rotation:
    movement of a bone around its longitudinal axis; in the limbs, it may be medial (toward the midline) or lateral (away from the midline) ex shacking head no
  10. Special movement
    occurs at specific joints
  11. special: elevation
    superior movement of a body part (shoulders move up)
  12. special: depression
    inferior movement of a body part (shoulders move down)
  13. special: protraction
    anterior movement of a body part in the transverse plane (jaw goes forward)
  14. special: retraction
    posterior movement of a body part in the transverse, jaw moves back into place
  15. special: inversion
    medial movement of the sole of the foot, raise the inner part of your foot up
  16. special: eversion
    lateral movement of the sole of the foot, move baby toe and outside of foot up.
  17. special: dorsiflexion
    bending the foot in the direction of the dorsum, lift toes up and stand on your heel.
  18. special: plantar flexion
    bending the foot in the direction of the planter surface, stand on your toes
  19. supination
    movement of the forearm that turns the palm anteriorly, move palm to anatomical position
  20. pronation
    movement of the forearm that turns the palm posteriorly, turn palm away from the anatomical position
  21. opposition
    movement of the thumb across the palm to touch the fingertips on the same hand

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