Politics Final

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Politics Final
2010-05-26 12:19:22

Review for final politics test.
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  1. Four characteristics of a state:
    • - Population
    • - Territory
    • - Sovereignty
    • - Government
  2. Rule of Law
    Concept that holds that government and its officers are always subject to the law.
  3. Veto
    Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legistlature.
  4. Federalism
    Division of power between a central government and several regional governments.
  5. How many Amendments to the Constitution are there?
  6. What are the first 10 amendments called?
    Bill of Rights
  7. Radicals
    Seen as the far left, views can be violent.
  8. Liberals
    • - Also known as Democrats
    • - Government should be actively involved to promote social welfare.
  9. Conservatives
    • - Also known as Republicans
    • - Keep the status quo, government should be limited in what they control.
  10. Reactionaries
    Repress government power.
  11. Party in Power
    Party that controls the executive branch of the government.
  12. Party out of Power
    • - "the loyal opposition"
    • - Opposed to the party in power but loyal to the people/nation.
  13. Electoral System
    Promotes existence of parties.
  14. Sociological Factors Affecting the Vote:
    • - Income/Occupation
    • - Education
    • - Gender/Age
    • - Religion
    • - Ethnicity
    • - Geography
  15. Exit Poll
    • - Conducted on election day.
    • - Specially trained interviewers stationed at the exists of the polls.
  16. Function/Role of interest groups
    - Seek to influence the making and content of public policies (laws).
  17. Lobbyists
    Their major task is to work for those matters that benefit their clients and against those that may harm them.
  18. Formal Qualifications of President
    (Age, Term, Years a Citizen)
    • - Age: at least 35 years old
    • - Term Limit: two full terms (eight years) (four years each)
    • - Years a citizen: a natural born citizen and a resident in the US for 14 years.
  19. Top four advisory cabinets
    • 1. State Department
    • 2. Justice Department
    • 3. Treasury Department
    • 4. Defense Department
  20. The next four people in line after the President.
    • 1. Vice President
    • 2. Speaker of the House
    • 3. President pro tempore of the Senate
    • 4. Secretary of State
  21. Highest ranking cabinet member.
    Secretary of State
  22. Session of Congress
    Period of time during which congress assembles and conducts business.
  23. Term of Congress
    Eash term lasts 2 years
  24. Mid-term Elections (off year elections)
    The even year that a president is not elected.
  25. Single Member District
    Electoral district where one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office.
  26. Constituencies
    The people and interests the senators represent.
  27. Who is in charge of the House of Representives?
    Speaker of the House
  28. Who is in charge of the Senate?
    Vice President
  29. How many member are in the House of Representatives?
  30. How many members are in the Senate?
  31. How often are elections held for the House of Representatives?
    All up for election every 2 years.
  32. How often are elections held for the Senate?
    1/3 elected every 2 years.
  33. Senate Qualifications
    (Age, Citizenship, Inhabitance)
    • - At least 30 years old
    • - A citizen of the US for at least nine years.
    • - An inhabitant of the State which they are elected.
  34. House of Representative Qualifications
    • - At least 25 years old
    • - A citizen of the US for at least seven years.
    • - An inhabitant of the State which they are elected.
  35. Electoral College Defects:
    • - Popular vote does not always win Presidency.
    • - Constitution doesn't require electors to vote according to popular vote.
    • - Contest might be decided in the House of Representatives.
  36. How a bill becomes a law:
    Bill originates -> Standing Committee -> Sub-Committee -> Full Committee -> HoR Rules Committee -> Floor for debate/vote --> Conference Committee (works out differences) -> Passes: President --> one of the choices: Sign it into law, veto, pocket veto, goes into law with no signature.
  37. Conference Committee
    Temporary joint committee created to reconcile any differences between the two houses' versions of a bill.
  38. Standing Committee
    Permanent committee in a legislative body to which bills in a specified subject-matter area are referred.
  39. Reapportionment
    Redistribute the seats in the House after each cencus.
  40. Judicial Review
    The power to decide the constitutionality of an act of government.
  41. How many Supreme Court Justices are there?
  42. How long do S.C.J. serve.
    For life/retirement
  43. Who appoits/approves S.C.J.?
    • - President
    • - Senate
  44. What is the only way they can be removed against their own will?
    • - Impeachment
    • - House presents, Senate reviews
  45. Concur
  46. Dissent
  47. 1st Amendment
    Freedom of religion
  48. 14th Amendment and the clause included.
    • - Guarantees citizenship, due process and equal protection under the law.
    • - Due Process Clause: no state shall deny a person of their basic rights.
  49. Sedition
    The crime of attempting to overthrow the government.
  50. Libel
    False and malicious use of printed words.
  51. Slander
    False and malicious use of spoken words.
  52. Prior Restraint
    Government cannot stop something before its published.
  53. Symbolic Speech
    Expression by conduct; communicating ideas through facial expressions, body language, or by carriying a sign/wearing an arm band.