CH 3 CHEST

Card Set Information

Author:
speedyvincent
ID:
208133
Filename:
CH 3 CHEST
Updated:
2013-03-19 21:05:48
Tags:
185
Folders:

Description:
final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user speedyvincent on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. The approach - How to read
    • 1.upclose
    • 2.faraway
    • 3.heart, lungs, bony structures
    • 4.thru heart
    • 5.all 4 corners-
    • liver, chest wall
    • spleen, fundus (airbubble)
    • humeral,shoulder area
    • trachea-midline
  2. Major lung pathologies - APIE
    • Atelectasis
    • Pneumonia
    • Infiltrates
    • Effusion
  3. Diminished air within the lung associated reduced lung volume, incomplete expansion of lung
    Atelectasis
  4. 1.Air in bronchi is decreased or absent
    2.simple thin platelike streaks to total lung collapse
    3.considered disease not a pathology
    Atelectasis
  5. causes of atelectasis
    Bronchial obstruction - tumor,foreign bodies,disease
  6. extrapulmonary pressire-
    pneumothorax
  7. abnormal air collection in pleural cavity,
    radiographically presents as a clear area with absence of lung markings,
    collapse of lung - lung edge sign
    pneumothorax
  8. Structure shifts-
    Mediastinum moves
    towards the collapsed side
  9. Structure shifts-
    Trachea moves
    away from midline, opposite direction of collapsed area
  10. acute infection of lung parenchyma
    pnemonia
  11. Alveolar or air space
    involves alveoli with inflammation exudates,
    causative agents- pneumococcus strep
    Alveolar pnemonia
  12. Radiographically dense consolidated fluid (whitish color) that involves an entire lobe

    need increased KVP to penetrate

    frequently seen in air bronchogram
    Lobar pneumonia, alveolar pneumonia
  13. originates in bronchi-alveoli
    causative agent- staphylococcal
    patchy,irregular disease pattern
    lung base
    bronchopneumonia
  14. causative agent- virus- complication of other viral diseases- influenza, measles, chickenpox

    radiographically - diffused(widespread) linear pattern involving alveoli walls and lining but if untreated may cause honey comb lung
    Interstitial pneumonia
  15. mixed bacteria infection caused by aspiration of foreign material- barium, gastrografin

    posterior segments of upper lower and lower lobes

    radiographically - scattered patch areas of increased density (consolidation) (whiteish color)
    Aspiration pnuemonia
  16. caustive agent: gram-negative bacilli E. Coli, resistant  to antibiotics.

    must prevent spread
    Nosocomial pneumonia
  17. abnormal collection of fluid within lung tissue

    water,pus,blood

    water- heart and circulatory dysfunction
    pus- active infection like pneumonia
    increased density whitish color withing lung tissue
    air fluid levels
    Infiltrate
  18. abnormal collection of fluid in a pleural space
    pleural effusion
  19. Causes: infection, renal failure, malignant tumors, cardiac failure

    imaging- decub film affected side down-detect fluid

    blunting of costophrenic angle
    occures more laterally than medially

    depressed diaphragm and shift mediastinum to the side, away from the fluid
    pleural effusion
  20. chronic condition of bronchial airflow obstruction- disease like asthma, bronchitis, empysema cause the obstruction
    COPD
  21. radiographically - emphysema - flatten diaphragm

    radiolucency of lung bases
    COPD
  22. blunt chest injuries. air collects into tissue of the chest wall
    subcutaneuos emphysema
  23. Known as shock lung, stiff lung
    ARDS
  24. acute form of pulmonary congestion and edema
    ARDS
  25. severe trauma, post surgical, drug overdose, damage to lung capillaries that inteferes with o2 and CO2 exchange
    ARDS
  26. patchy, ill defined areas of consolidation with normal heart size
    ARDS
  27. infection caused by inhalation of airbourne rod shaped bacterium
    Tuberculosis
  28. lung necrosis and cavitation resulting in lung tissue damage
    Tuberculosis
  29. small masses called tubercles,
    well defined areas of consolidation

    enlarged hilar ( around hilum of the lung) lymph nodes,

    rankes complex
    apical lordotic
    tuberculosis
  30. silhouette sign-
    a loss of the normal radiographic  right cardiac border

    indicates abnormal fluid in the right middle lung, caused by CHF
  31. radiolucent line lying just above the clavicle-
    companion shadows
  32. Elevated RT diaphragm
    increased liver size
  33. depressed RT diaphragm
    pneumothorax, also check for heart shift
  34. elevated LT diaphragm
    increased spleen size

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview