OB Foundations Chap. 7

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  1. Abortion-
    <20 weeks pregnancy or gestation based on last menstruation, spontaneous (sometimes referred as miscarriage), or intentional abortion
  2. amenorrhea-
    absence of menstruation
  3. Braxton hicks contractions-
    irregular, usually mild uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy and become stronger in the last trimester
  4. Chadwick's sign-
    bluish purple discoloration of the cervix, vagina, and labia during pregnancy as a result of increased vascular congestion
  5. Colostrum-
    breast fluid secreted during pregnancy and the first week after childbirth
  6. Diastasis recti-
    separation of the longitudinal muscles of ab. ( rectus abdominis) during preg
  7. Goodell's sign-
    softening of the cervix during pregnancy
  8. Gravida-
    woman who is or has ben pregnant, regardless of the duration or outcome of the pregnancy
  9. Hegar's sign-
    softening of the lower uterine segment that allows it to be easily compressed at 6-8 wks of pregnancy
  10. hyperemia-
    excess blood in an area of the body
  11. Melasma-
    brownish pigmentation of the face during preg, also called chloasma and mask of preg.
  12. Multigravida-
    woman who has been preg more that once
  13. Multipara-
    woman who has delivered 2 or more pregnancies at 20 or more weeks of gestation
  14. nullipara-
    woman who has never completed a pregnancy beyond a spontaneous or elective abortion
  15. para-
    number of pregnancies that have progressed to 20 or more weeks at delivery, whether the fetus was born alive or stillborn; refers to the # of pregnancies, not the number of fetuses
  16. physiologic anemia of pregnancy-
    decrease in hemoglobin and hematocrit values caused by dilution of erythrocytes from expanded plasma volume rather than by an actual decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
  17. postterm birth-
    a birth that occurs after 42 weeks of gestation
  18. preterm birth-
    birth that occurs after 20th week and before 38th week of gestation
  19. primigravida-
    woman who is pregnant for the first time
  20. primipara-
    woman who has delivered one pregnancy of at least 20 weeks
  21. quickening-
    first movements of the fetus felt by the mother
  22. striae gravidarum-
    irregular pink-purple streaks on the woman's abdomen, breasts, or buttocks resulting from tears in connective tissue
  23. term birth-
    a birth that occurs between 38th-42nd weeks of gestation
  24. trimester-
    one of three equal, 13 week parts of a full-term pregnancy
  25. Uterus (change during preg.)
    usual weighs 50-70 g and holds 10 ml; by term it weighs 800-1200 g and holds 5000 ml

    growth results from hyperplasia (primarily in 1st trimester from hormones estrogen and GH's); hypertrophy
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OB Foundations Chap. 7
2013-03-19 03:34:11

Chap. 7
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