Anthro 7: Week 7, 8

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Author:
dante01
ID:
208227
Filename:
Anthro 7: Week 7, 8
Updated:
2013-03-19 16:20:19
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Final
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  1. Derived traits of H.sapiens
    • 1. Face
    • -small
    • -protruding chin
    • -high forehead
    • -small brow ridges
    • 2. Teeth
    • -small
    • 3. Skull
    • -rounded back
    • 4. Skeleton¬†
    • -less robust than Neanderthals
    • -longer limbs, slighter bones
  2. 3 process maintain variation
    • 1. Mutation
    • 2. Balancing¬†selection
    • 3. Drift
  3. Causes of variation within groups
    • 1. Mutation
    • 2. Heterozygote advantage
    • 3. Disequilibrium
  4. Causes of genetic variation among groups
    • 1. Natural selection¬†
    • 2. Genetic Drift
  5. Neanderthal behavior
    • -They had very few established campsites.
    • -They buried their dead (e.g., Shanidar, La Ferrassie, La Chapelle-aux-saints, Le Moustier)
    • -Many appeared to have lived short, traumatic lives.
    • -They cared for their old and sick (for example, at La Chapelle-aux-Saints, Shanidar Cave).
  6. Tool use
    • 1. Oldowan tools (Homo Habilis)
    • -pebbles
    • -cores
    • 2. Achelulean tools (Homo Erectus)
    • -biface
    • -hand axe
    • 3. Mousterian tools (Neanderthals)
    • -smaller, knife-life tools
    • 4. Upper Paleolithic tools (Homo sapiens sapiens)
    • -Larger tool kit
    • -use of bone, antler, in addition to stone
    • -production of artifacts
    • -construction of elaborate shelters

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