Patho quiz 10

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208256
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Patho quiz 10
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2013-03-19 10:13:46
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Patho quiz 10
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Patho qui 10
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  1. Basal layer
    gives rise to all other epidermal cells by mitotic division
  2. spinous layer
    several layers of keratinocytes undergoing progressive maturation while producing keratin fibrils
  3. granular layer
    parallell rows of cell with granules
  4. cornified layer
    outermost layer
  5. seborrheic keratosis
    brown-black, stuck-on-appearning warty lesions
  6. solar keratosis
    small precancerous lesions formed from exposure to the sun
  7. toxic epidermal necrolysis
    sloughing of portions of the epidermis
  8. eruptive xanthoma
    eruption of small yellow papules on the extensor extensor surfaces of the extremities and buttocks
  9. rashes
    temporary eruptions on the skin that can have a multitude of causes
  10. port wine stains
    appear faint pink in early infancy and become progressively darker and thicker with age
  11. xeroderma pigmentosum
    characterized by intolerance of skin and eyes to light
  12. abscss
    localized skin infection forming walled-off collection of pus
  13. paronychia
    occurrence of abscess in the folds around the nail
  14. pilonidal cysts
    abscess occurring around ingrown hair in the skin just above the gluteal fold
  15. furuncles/ boils
    small abscesses centered around a hair follicle
  16. marsupialization
    incising the cyst and suturing the exposed flap to the adjacent tissue
  17. carbuncle
    group of furuncles with associated connecting sinus tracts and multiple openings on the skin
  18. impetigo
    superficial bacterial skin infection and is characterized by flaccid bullae that easily rupture to form crusted erosions
  19. superficial fungal infections
    located in the cornified layers of the skin, nail, or hair with the dermis not infected
  20. tinea pedis
    affects the soles and interdigital spaces of the feet
  21. tinea cruris
    involves the perineum, buttocks, and/or inner thighs
  22. tinea barbae
    infects the beard
  23. eczema/ atopic dermatitis
    chronic, relapsing form of dermatitis with a genetic base
  24. urticaria
    • Hives
    • raised edematous areas surrounded by erythema with itching
  25. psoriasis
    inflammation of the skin with a polygenic basis with influence from environmental factors
  26. solar elastosis
    degeneration of dermal collagen and elastic fibers resulting in excessive wrinkling of the skin
  27. lentigo
    areas of increased pigmentation
  28. telangiectasia
    collections of small blood vessels
  29. keratonses
    patches of thickened skin
  30. mole
    benign proliferation of melanocytes of the epidermis
  31. junctional nevus
    proliferation at the junction of the epidermis and dermis
  32. intradermal nevus
    cells migrate into the dermis and form clumps of cells
  33. compound nevus
    when clusters of cells are found in the dermis and epidermis
  34. congenital nevi
    giant nevi found in neonates that have a higher incidence of become malignant
  35. dysplastic nevi
    increased risk for developing melanoma
  36. papilledema
    swelling of the head of the optic nerve as seen through the ophthalmoscope
  37. tonometer
    measure the intraocular pressure
  38. slit-lamp
    binocular magnifying instrument that projects a focused beam of light into the eye
  39. cyclopia
    single, malformed eye is centrally situated
  40. trachoma
    chlamydial disease and one of the most common causes of blindness
  41. glaucoma
    risk in intraocular pressure sufficient to damage optic nerve fibers
  42. legal blindness
    visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with best correciton

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