Psy Learning 3

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Psy Learning 3
2013-03-19 14:20:07

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  1. Interval schedules
    • reward
    • after a certain time interval
  2. Fixed
    Ratio (FR)
    • Rewards appear after  set number
    • of responses

    • factory workers paid after every
    • 10 cases of product are completed
  3. Variable
    Ratio (VR)

    slot machine
    • Reward after certain number of
    • responses, varies from trial to trial
  4. Fixed Interval (FI)
    weekly or monthly paychecks

    • Rewards appear after fixed
    • amount of time, regardless of number of responses
  5. Variable Interval (VI)
     random visits from the boss who
    delivers praise
    • Rewards appear after a certain amount of
    • time, but that amount varies from trial to trial
  6. Punishment
    diminishes the strength of the response it follows
  7. How does punishment differ from negative reinforcement?
    • Punishment applies negative
    • Negative reinforcement removes negative
  8. Positive punishment
    apply stimulus after response without agreement
  9. Negative punishment –
    • removal attractive
    • stimulus after response
  10. Use
    and Abuse of Punishment
    • Power disappears when threat of punishment is removed
    • triggers aggression
    • inhibit learning better response
    • applied unequally
  11. When does punishment work?


  12. Alternatives
    to Punishment
    • Extinction
    • Reinforcing
    • preferred activities
  13. Operant
    and Classical Conditioning Compared
    • Classical conditioning associate (UCS
    • + CS) before the response or behavior

    Operant conditioning reinforcing (reward) or punishing stimulus after a response or behavior
  14. How Does Cognitive Psychology Explain Learning?
    some forms of learning must be explained as changes in mental processes, rather than as changes in behavior alone
  15. Cognitive map
    mental representation of physical space
  16. Observational Learning: Bandura’s
    Challenge to Behaviorism
    • new responses are acquired after watching others’ behavior and the consequences of
    • their behavior
  17. •Long-term potentiation Brain Mechanisms and Learning
    • physical changes strengthen the synapses in
    • nerve cells;neural basis of learning