Thinking and intelligence

Card Set Information

Author:
Nayja
ID:
208319
Filename:
Thinking and intelligence
Updated:
2013-03-19 16:42:45
Tags:
voc
Folders:

Description:
chap 8
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Nayja on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Cognition
    think, know, perceive, learn, and mem, also the contents of these processes
  2. Intelligence

    capacity to acquire   knowledge, reason, and solve problems effectively
  3. is Conscious Thought?
    90% is non-conscious
  4. Subconscious processes
    Outside of conscious awareness
  5. Non-conscious processes are:
    • Outside of awareness, Outside of control
    • ex: Classical conditioning, priming, procedural learning
  6. What Are the Components of Thought?
    • brain uses senses, emotions, mem info to create/manipulate mental representations
    • Ex: concepts, images, schemas, and scripts
  7. What Are Concepts?
    reps of categories of items/ideas, bc experiences/learning

    • Natural concepts
    • rep objects/events

    Artificial concepts = rules
  8. Schema
    A knowledge cluster provides expectations of topics, events, objects, people, and situations
  9. Thinking uses
    ID Prob=select strategy=find Solution=Test Solution
  10. Algorithms (Problem Solving Strategies)
    guarantee a correct outcome if applied correctly
  11. Heuristics
    Short cut to solve complex mental tasks
  12. Useful heuristics include:
    • Work backward
    • Search for analogies
    • Break prob n2 smaller probs
  13. Sunk Costs
    Investing money/time n2 a project not likely to succeed
  14. Hindsight Bias
    “I knew it all the time”
  15. Confirmation Bias
    seek info that supports pre-existing thoughts/theories
  16. Functional fixedness
    Inability to perceive a new use for object associated with different purpose
  17. Priming
    and the Dunker Candle Problem
    Participants randomly assigned to solve prob
  18. The Obstacle of Self Imposed Limitations
    Rules

    • Past
    • experiences

    • Failure
    • to consider alternative possibilities

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview