Vocab chapter 111

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Vocab chapter 111
2013-03-19 18:21:42


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  1. abstemious
    • moderate, sparing as in eating or drinking, characterized by absteinence and self-discipline
    • syn- temperate, sober, moderate
    • ant- indulgent, immmoderate, intemperate
  2. censurable
    • deserving of blame or correction
    • syn- blameworthy, discreditable, reprehensible
    • ant- commendable, laudable, meritorious
  3. contingent
    • dependent on uncertain events  or conditions, happening by chance, a representative group forming part of a larger body
    • syn- conditional, dependent, a detachment
    • ant- independent of, unconnected with, certain
  4. corroborate
    • to confirm, make more certain, bolster, substantiate, verify
    • ant- refute, contradict, undermine, discredit
  5. denizen
    • an inhabitant, resident, one who frequents a place 
    • syn- resident, dweller, habitue
    • ant- alien, outsider, stranger, foreignor
  6. discursive
    • passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic
    • syn- digressive, diffuse, wandering, episodic, desultory
    • ant- short and to the point, succinct
  7. disseminate
    • to scatter or spread widely
    • syn- disperse, publicize, broadcast, circulate
    • ant- bring together, concentrate, muster, conceal, hide
  8. dowdy
    • poorly dressed, shabby, lacking smartness and good taste
    • syn- frumpy, tacky, frowsy, drab
    • ant- chic, stylish, elegant, fashonable
  9. florid
    • highly colored, reddish, excessively ornate, showy
    • syn- flushed, ruddy, flowery, frilly, flamboyant
    • ant- pale, ashen, pallied, sallow, austere, stark
  10. foist
    • to immpose by fraud, to pass off as worthy or genuine, to bring about by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion
    • syn- pass off, palm off, fob off
  11. gauche
    • awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy
    • syn- inept, uncouth, maladroit
    • ant- adroit, tactful, diplomatic, politic
  12. heresy
    • an opinion differnet from accepted belief, the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
    • syn- unorthodox belief, heterodoxy
    • ant- orthodoxy
  13. inculcate
    • to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly
    • syn- instill, implant, infuse, ingrain, imbue
    • ant- efface, extirpate, root out
  14. palpable
    • capable of being touched or felt, easily seen heard or recognized
    • syn- tangible, plain, obvious, manifest
    • ant- intangible, insubstantial, incorporeal
  15. perceptive
    • having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation
    • syn- insightful, discerning, observant
    • ant- dense, thick, obtuse, dim-witted
  16. pernicious
    • extremely harmful, deadly, fatal
    • syn- injurious, deleteroius, baleful, noxious
    • ant- harmless, innocuous, salutary, salubrious
  17. salient
    • leaping, jumping, or springing forth, prominent, standing out, conspicuous, a projection or bulge, a land form that projects upward or outward
    • syn- striking, notable, protrusive, obvious
    • ant- inconspicuous, recessive
  18. satiate
    • to satisfy completely, to fill to excess, full, satisfied
    • syn- gratify, cloy, surfeit, gorge
    • ant- starve, deprive entirely of
  19. sear
    to make or become dry and withered, to char or scorch the surface of, to harden or make unfeeling, to parch, dessicate, singe
  20. specious
    • deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit
    • syn- deceptively plausible, sophistic, casuistic
    • ant- valid, sound,, solid, genuine