History: Chapter 10
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Native Mexicans living in Texas
Business people who recruited settlers to Texas
Most well known Empresario. Known as the "Father of Texas"
Who was the Texas Revolution between?
Texans and Mexico
Who made up the Texans?
Americans and Tejanos
How long was Texas it's own country?
Military dictator of Mexico. Replaced elected officials with his own appointees.
Became the first president of the Republic of Texas after the Texas Revolution
Famous Texans who fought in The Alamo?
- William Travis
- Jim Bowie
- Davy Crockett
Why does congress approve the Mexican War?
So we can get land
Began in Independence Missouri and ended in Northwest U.S.
Gold seekers from Europe, Australia, China, Mexico, South America and America who rushed to California gold fields
How did people get to California?
- Overland Route (4-6 months)
- Sail to Central America, cross, and sail to California (6 weeks to 6 months)
- Sail around the bottom of South America (Cape Horn) (5-8 months)
What type of people made up the 49ners population?
Young, unmarried men
What were the percentages of the Forty-Niners?:
Women and Children:
White Americans or African Americans:
- Women and Children: 5%
- White Americans and African Americans:80%
- Mexicans: 8%
- South Americans: 5%
True or false:
Thieves could rob miners for their entire fortunes
True or false:
Law enforcement officers were scarce
What were the common activities in California Mining Towns?
Present day states that make up the Mexican Cession?:
- Parts of Arizona
Whig Party Candidate
James K Polk
Expansionist who wants the U.S. to annex Texas and Oregon
James K Polk
Where is gold discovered?
What was the main effect of the Gold Rush for California?
California becomes a state
An observational force was sent to the Rio Grande River...this was led by who?
Revolt against Mexico led by whites in California
Bear Flag Revolt
What ends the Mexican war formally?
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
How long did the Mexican war last?
Who captured Mexico City and ended the war?
General Winfield Scott
U.S. bought a small chunk of land from Mexico located in Southern Arizona and New Mexico
Why was the Gadsden Purchase significant?
The U.S. finally owned all Mexican lands north of the Rio Grande River
What did Polk want to change the Northern Border to when he wanted to annex Oregon?
(instead of the 49th parallel)
What happened during the Battle of San Jacinto?
- Santa Anna was captured
- Texas wins independence
The belief that the U.S. should extend its territory westward to the Pacific Ocean
A military strategy to defeat the Confederacy proposed in 1861 by the Commanding General of the Union Army, Gen. Winfield Scott. Scott's plan was to employ Union army and navy forces to blockade the southern ports, split the Confederacy in half by seizing the line of the Mississippi River, and establish strong Federal positions all around the periphery of the Confederate States.
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