WHAP Chapter 23
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The most important military leader in the struggle for independence in South America. Born in Venezuela, he led military forces there and in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Mexican priest who led the first stage of the Mexican independence war in 1810. He was captured and executed in 1811.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Mexican priest and former student of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, he led the forces fighting for Mexican independence until he was captured and executed in 1814.
Jose Maria Morelos
Negotiated union of the formerly separate colonial governments of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. This new Dominion of Canada with a central government in Ottawa is seen as the beginning of the Canadian nation
Confederation of 1867
Political leaders who rely on charisma and their ability to mobilize and direct the masses of citizens outside the authority of constitutions and laws. Nineteenth-century examples include Jose Antonio Paez of Venezuela and Andrew Jackson of the US. (628)
First president of the United States to be born in humble circumstances . He was popular among frontier residents, urban workers, and small farmers. He had a successful career as judge, general, congressman, senator, and president. After being denided the presidency in 1824 in a controversial election, he won in 1829 and was reelected in 1832.
President of Mexico (1858-1872). Born in poverty in Mexico, he was educated as a lawyer and rose to become chief justice of the Mexican supreme court and then president. He led Mexico's resistance to a French invasion in 1863 and the installation of Maximilian as emperor.
Shawnee leader who attempted to organize an Amerindian confederacy to prevent the loss of additional territory to American settlers. He became an ally of the British in War of 1812 and died in battle.
A rebellion of the Maya people against the government of Mexico in 1847. It nearly returned the Yucatan to Maya rule. Some Maya rebels retreated to unoccupied territories where they held out until 1901.
Men and women who agitated for a complete end to slavery. Abolitionist pressure ended the British transanatlantic slave trade in 1808 and slavery in British colonies in 1834. In the United States the activities of abolitionists were on factor leading to the Civil War (1861-1865). Women in abolitionists movements used the experience to work for women's rights.
The adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
Meeting in Seneca Falls, New York of feminists; 1848; First meeting for women's rights, helped in long struggle for women to be equal to men
Women's rights convention
the nineteenth and twentieth centuries , the economic process that led to industrialization,urbanization, the rise of a large and prosperous middle class, and heavy investment in education.
The condition experienced by economies that depend on colonial forms of production such as the export of raw materials and plantation crops with low wages and low investment in education.
united states federal law passed on may 6, 1882, following revisions made in 1880 to the burlingame treaty of 1868. those revisions allowed the u.s. to suspend immigration, and congress subsequently acted quickly to implement the suspension of chinese immigration, a ban that was intended to last 10 years.
US Chinese exclusion act of 1882
The violent conflict between union and confederate forces over states rights and slavery.
US Civil War
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