The branch of law dealing with crimes and their punishment
a serious offense punishable by a prison sentence of more then one year
a criminal offense, less serious then a felony. Punishable by a prison sentence of 1 year or less.
the state or federal governments attorney in a criminal case.
beyond a reasonable doubt
the level of proof required to convict a person of a crime. no reasonable doubts they are guilty
a noncriminal lawsuit, brought to enforce a right or redress a wrong.
all law that does not involve criminal matters, such as tort and contract law. deals with private rights of others.
in a civil case, the injured party who brings legal actions against the alleged wrongdoer
the person who a claim is being made against. the person being sued or accused of a crime.
preponderance of the evidence
usually the standard proof used in a civil suit, the burden of proof that a party must meet in order to win a lawsuit.
written laws enacted by legislatures
a county or city law
a rule made by a government agency
the provision in article 4 of the constitution stating that us laws and treaties must be followed even if a state and local law disagree with the constitution and these treaties
a court proceeding
to take a case to a higher court for a rehearing
a court in which appeals from trial court decisions are heard
court decision on a legal questions that guides future cases with similar questions
what the law makers who passed a law wanted the law to mean. court will look over law if unclear
a pact between nations, if entered into by the united states through its executive branch, the pact must be approved by two thirds of the senate present. under article 2 sec 2 of the constitution to be effective.
a basic principle of our constitutional system. it limits government to powers provided to it by the people
separation of powers
the division of power among the branch's of government .
checks and balance
the power of each of the three branches of government to limit the other branches power, to prevent abuse
the process by which courts decide whether the laws passed by congress or state legislature are constitutional
the laws we put In our constition
conflicting with some provision of the constitution
the division of power between the state and the federal government