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What is the most common fetal presentation?
What is a breech fetal presentation?
butt is presenting
What is a frank breech fetal presentation?
baby's legs are out like touching toes
what is a complete breech fetal presentation?
baby's legs are flexed
What are the shapes of the 4 types of pelvis?
- Gynecoid - round
- android - heart
- anthropoid - egg
- platypelloid - egg on it's side.
what pelvis type are the likely c-sections?
android and anthropoid
at what station is the baby "engaged"?
what is fetal lie?
the baby's spine in relation to the mother's. either vertical or horizontal.
what is fetal attitude?
the relation of the head to the body. either flexed, neutral, extended.
What is fetal position?
relation of presenting part to the mother's pelvis.
What is effacement?
thinning of the cervix during 1st stage of labor.
what is dilation?
enlargement of the cervix opening
what are the "primary powers"?
involuntary uterine contractions
what s the ferguson reflex?
when the fetus presenting part reaches the pelvic floor, stretch receptors in the vag trigger the mom to bear down.
what are the "secondary powers"?
when the mother is "pushing".
why would you put a mother in a upright position?
- gravity can help
- contractions are stronger
during the 1st stage of labor, when does it start and end?
from 0-10cm dilation
during the 1st stage of labor, what are the 3 stages?
- latent 0-3
- active 4-7
- transition 8-10
what is the 2nd stage of labor? what are the 2 stages in the 2nd stage?
starts with the end of the 1st stage, ends with the delivery of baby.
- latent - "laboring down"
- descent - "active pushing"
what is the 3rd stage of labor?
starts with delivery of baby and ends with delivery of placenta