HAZMAT

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Author:
class35
ID:
208425
Filename:
HAZMAT
Updated:
2013-03-23 12:09:23
Tags:
utah HAZMAT state test
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Description:
HAZMAT LECTURE
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  1. who governs H in all forms of transport?
    DOT
  2. AGENCY responsible for any release of H
    EPA
  3. regulations are developed by what govt agencies?
    OSHA and EPA
  4. Standards are developed by this non-governmental consensus committee
    NFPA
  5. SARA stands for what?
    superfund amendment and reauthorization act
  6. EPCRA stands for what?
    emergency planning and community right to knwo act
  7. SERC stands for what?
    state emergency response committee
  8. LEPC stands for what?
    local emergency planning committee
  9. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.120 addresses what?
    emergency response (HAZWOPER)
  10. emergency response to HAZMAT is covered under what OSHA regulation?
    1910.120
  11. NFPA 472 is what?
    training levels and requirements
  12. NFPA 473 is what?
    EMS response
  13. OSHA 1900.1200 is what?
    employees right to know
  14. what is CERCLA?
    • cradle to the grave ownership of materials.
    • COMPREHENSIVE environmental response comensation, and liability act
  15. as temperature increases, vapor ppressure will do what?
    increase
  16. the lower a substances boiling point, the _____ it's vapor pressure
    higher
  17. temp at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to atmospheric pressure
    boiling point
  18. ___-soluble agents cause upper resp. infection.
    ____-soluble agents cause lower infection
    • water
    • partially water-soluble
  19. liquids or gases that dissolve into each other
    miscible
  20. cryogenic susbstances have BP at what temp?
    -130 F
  21. chain reaction in which a catalyst causes simple molecules to combine to form long chain molecules
    polymerization
  22. positively charged particles.  lose energy rapidly.  emitted from heaviest radioactive elements (uranium, radium)
    alpha
  23. fast moving + or - charged electrons.  emitted from manmade sources. stopped by a layer of clothing or piece of aluminum
    beta
  24. high energy photons.  originate inside the nucleus.  have no charge
    gamma
  25. radioactive particle that originates outside the nucleus
    x-ray
  26. ultra high energy particles. no physical mass. no charge.  highly penetrating
    neutron
  27. inverse square law states what about distance in avoiding  radiation?
    • double the distance=1/4 the dose rate
    • half the distance=4 times the dose rate
  28. substances that prohibit the body from using O2
    chemical asphyxiants
  29. cause syanosis, LOC, death
    hemotoxins
  30. lethal concentration is through what means of transmission?
    inhalation
  31. agent capable of causing abnormalities in utero
    teratogens
  32. officer in ICS that is responsible for managing all operations that directly affect the primary mission of eliminating a problem incident
    operations section chief
  33. IMS HAZMAT positions
    • HAZMAT group supervisor
    • entry leader
    • decon leader
    • site access control leader
    • assistant SO (HAZMAT)
    • tech specialist
    • safe refuge area manager
  34. level of incident within the capabilities of first responders
    level 1
  35. level of incident requiring HAZMAT response.  beyond capablities of first crew
    level 2
  36. highest level of HAZMAT response
    level 3
  37. irregular shaped pattern of airborne HAZMAT where wind or topography influence the downrange course.  gas is equal to or heavier than air
    plume
  38. triangular shaped pattern of HAZMAT gas with a point source and wide base downrange
    cone
  39. HAZMAT dispersion patterns
    • hemispheric
    • cloud
    • plume
    • cone
    • stream
    • pool
    • irregular (footsteps though it)
  40. medium term exposure is how long?
    days, weeks, months
  41. HAZMAT class 1
    explosives
  42. class 2.2
    nonflammable gas
  43. class 2.1
    flammable gas
  44. class 3.1
    FLAMMABLE LIQUID
  45. CLASS 3.2
    combustibled liquids
  46. class 4
    flammable solids
  47. class 5
    oxydizers
  48. class 6
    poison
  49. class 8
    corrosives
  50. DOT-49 CFR 170-180
    establishes need for placards
  51. flash point of flammable liquids
    less than 141 F
  52. class 7
    radioactive
  53. class 9
    miscellaneous hazards
  54. consumer warnings in order of seriousness
    • danger
    • warning
    • caution
  55. manufacturers labels must include
    • name and address
    • hazerdous ingredients
    • precautionary statements
    • first aid instructions
    • special handling or storage
    • "keep out of reach of children"
  56. NFPA 704
    blue=
    red=
    yellow=
    white=
    • health hazard
    • flammablity
    • reactivity
    • special hazard
  57. 704 level
    flammable gases, volatile liquids, pyrophoric (spont. combust)
    red 4
  58. 704 level
    ignites at ambient temp
    red 3
  59. NFPA 704 level
    capable of detonation at ambient conditions
    yellow 4
  60. NFPA 704 level
    capable of explosion with strong initiating source
    yellow 2
  61. NFPA 704 level
    violent chemical change possible at elevated temp and pressure
    yellow2
  62. military warning sign.  octogon with 1
    mass detonation
  63. X with 2
    explosion with frags
  64. triangle with 3
    mass fire
  65. diamond with 4
    moderate fire
  66. pipeline color codes in order of hazzard
    • yellow
    • green
    • blue
    • red
  67. DOT  406/306
    gas.
  68. DOT 407/307
    • NONFLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
    • SPECIFIC GRAVITY >1
  69. DOT 412/312
    REINFORCED BANDS
    TOMBSTONE FROM BEHIND
    CORROSIVE TANKER.
  70. MC-331
    ENDS ARE VERY ROUND
    CIRCLE ON BACK
    • PRESSURIZED TANKER
    • PROPANE, BUTANE, ANHYDROUS AMMONIA
  71. INTEMODAL CONTAINERS
    • pressures up to 100 PSI
    • 100-500
    • hIGH PRESSURE (UP TO 5K)
  72. on an international intermodal container, what do the first 2 #s identify?
    length and weight
  73. how do you identify cryogenic on trains and trucks?
    • doors in middle of train car
    • doors on rear of trailer
  74. what are the stensils on a railroad car?
    north american railroad tank car markings. on the left of both sides.  front and rear.  can be used to gather info.  volume
  75. stencils on train car
    indicate which standards the tank car was built
  76. where does secondary exposure occur?
    outside hot zone
  77. 4 categories of decon
    • wet
    • dry
    • chemical
    • physical
  78. types of decon
    • emergency
    • gross
    • technical
    • secondary (shower)
    • definite/fine
    • mass (runoff not a consideration.  lots of water)
  79. chemical degradation.  using another material to change the chem structure of a hazmat.  neutralization
    emulsification
  80. what is protective action zone?
    area that could be in danger in 30 mins from vapors
  81. what is located in cold zone?
    • triage
    • staging
    • rehab
  82. computer programs to help with plume patterns
    • ALOHA (area locations of has atmospheres)
    • CAMEO-comp aided management of emerg. ops
    • HPAC-hazard prediciton and ass. capablitity
  83. class B foam proportion
    1-6%
  84. fluoroprotein foam is what percent?
    what temp is it stored at?
    delivered how?
    • 3-6
    • 35-120 degrees
    • air aspirating
  85. good low-temp viscosity
    suitable foam for subsurface injection
    AFFF
  86. foam that creates a membrane over fuel instead of film.  hydrocarbons and polar solvents
    alcohol resistant AFFF
  87. high expansion rate of foam
    medium
    low
    • 200+
    • 20-200
    • <20:1
  88. chemical damage formula
    effect=_+_+_
    • dose
    • concentration
    • time
  89. RELs
    • NIOSH issued. recommended exposure limits
    • 10 hour day
    • 40 hour week
  90. considered a 15 min exposure.  60 min break after
    • STEL
    • SHORT TEM X LIMIT
  91. OSHA ACCEPTED exposure for 8 hours
    • PEL
    • permissible X limit
  92. what do you have ot do before wearing level C?
    quantify chemical and O2 levels
  93. highest level of X you can expose an employee to regardless of time
    chemical ceiling level

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