psy. chap. 6

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Shelby21
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208439
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psy. chap. 6
Updated:
2013-03-19 23:10:23
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  1. One thing that classical and operant conditioning have in common is that both...
    depend on reinforcement
  2. A child who has learned, through classical conditioning, to fear sitting in a dentist's chair becomes frightened when he is placed in a barber's chair. This illustrates the concept of...
    stimulus generalization
  3. Tokens are a good example of
    secondary reinforcers
  4. What would be an example of partial reinforcement?
    gambling
  5. Relatively permanent, a change in behavior, and due to experience are examples of
    Learning
  6. In classical conditioning ______ are important, while in operent conditioning, _______ are primary for learning.
    antecedents; consequences
  7. ______ is the ability to respond differently to various stimuli.
    Discrimination
  8. Giving a child a hug is and example of a ______ reinforcer.
    Primary
  9. Skills gained by insight is an example of
    discovery learning
  10. Continuously reinforced responses are
    easy to extinguish
  11. _______ can create fear of the punisher, result in escape learning; such as lying, and can greatly increase aggression.
    Punishment
  12. ____ __ refers to a mental representation of an external map.
    cognitive maps
  13. Operent conditioning is to ______ as classical conditioning is to ______.
    voluntary behavior, reflexive behavior
  14. ______ ______ may increase the likelihood of children to behave aggressively.
    Televised violence
  15. T or F
    In classical conditioning , the consequences that follow responses become associated with one another.
    False
  16. T or F
    Pavlov used meat powder to reinforce conditioned salivation to the sound of a bell.
    True
  17. T or F
    Emotional conditioning involves autonomic nervous system responses.
    True
  18. T or F
    Negative reinforcement is a type of punishment that is used to strengthen learning.
    False
  19. T or F
    Food, water, grades, and sex are primary reinforcers.
    False
  20. T or F
    Generally, punishment should be the last resort for altering behavior.
    True
  21. T or F
    In many situations discovery learning produces better understanding of problems.
    True
  22. T or F
    Rote learning produces skills through insight and understanding.
    False
  23. T or F
    After a new response is acquired through modeling, normal reinforcement determines if it will be repeated.
    True
  24. T or F
    Self- recording can be an effective way to change behavior, even without using specific reinforcers.
    True

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