Medical Terminology

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Author:
lindaeli
ID:
208543
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2013-03-20 14:49:25
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combining form
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Description:
chapter 2-5
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  1. abdomin/o
    abdomen

    ex: abdominal
  2. adip/o
    lip/o
    steat/o
    fat

    • ex: adipose
    •       liposuction
    •       steattorrhea
  3. anter/o
    front

    ex: anterior
  4. bol/o
    to cast (throw)

    ex: anabolism
  5. cervic/o
    neck (of the body or uterus)

    ex: cervical
  6. chrondr/o
    cartilage

    ex: chondroma
  7. chrom/o
    color
  8. coccyg/o
    coccyx(tailbone)
  9. crani/o
    skull
  10. dist/o
    far, distant
  11. dors/o
    back portion of the body
  12. hist/o
    tissue
  13. ili/o
    ilium
  14. inguin/o
    groin
  15. kary/o
    nucleus
  16. later/o
    side
  17. lumb/o
    lower back
  18. medi/o
    middle
  19. nucle/o
    nucleus
  20. pelv/i
    pelvis, hip region
  21. poster/o
    back behind
  22. proxim/o
    nearest
  23. sacr/o
    sacrum
  24. sarc/o
    flesh
  25. spin/o
    spine, backbone
  26. thel/o
    nipple
  27. thorac/o
    chest
  28. trache/o
    trachea, windpipe
  29. umbilic/o
    navel, umbilicus
  30. ventr/o
    belly side of the body
  31. vertebr/o
    vertebrae (backbones)
  32. viscer/o
    internal organs
  33. acr/o
    extremities
  34. acu/o
    sudden, sharp
  35. amino
    amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
  36. angi/o
    vessel
  37. arteri/o
    artery
  38. arthr/o
    joint
  39. axill/o
    armpit
  40. blephr/o
    eyelid
  41. bronch/o
    bronchial tubes
  42. chem/o
    drug, chemical
  43. chron/o
    time
  44. col/o
    colon
  45. erythr/o
    red
  46. hydr/o
    water, fluid
  47. isch/o
    to hold back
  48. lapar/o
    abdomen, abdominal wall
  49. laryng/o
    larynx
  50. lymph/o
    lymph
  51. mamm/o
    mast/o
    breast
  52. morph/o
    shape, form
  53. muc/o
    mucus
  54. my/o
    muscle
  55. myel/o
    spinal cord, bone marrow
  56. neutr/o
    neutrophil
  57. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  58. phag/o
    to eat
  59. plas/o
    formation, development
  60. pleur/o
    pleural
  61. pneumon/o
    pulmon/o
    lungs
  62. rect/o
    rectum
  63. splen/o
    spleen
  64. staphyl/o
    cluster
  65. strept/o
    twisted chain
  66. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  67. carp/o
    wrist bones

    ex: carpal
  68. cib/o
    meals

    ex: antecibum
  69. cost/o
    rib

    ex: costal
  70. dactyl/o
    fingers, toes

    ex: syndactyly
  71. duct/o
    to lead, carry

    ex: conduct
  72. furc/o
    forking, branching

    ex: bifurcation
  73. glyc/o
    sugar

    ex: glycogen
  74. immune/o
    protection

    ex: immunetion
  75. morph/o
    shape, form

    ex: morphology
  76. mort/o
    necr/o
    death

    ex: mortality
  77. nat/i
    birth

    ex: natal
  78. nect/o
    to bind, tie, connect

    ex: connector
  79. norm/o
    rule, order

    ex: normocephalic
  80. ox/o
    oxygen

    ex: anoxia
  81. pub/o
    pubis (pubic bone)
  82. seps/o
    infection

    ex: sepsis, septicemia
  83. flex/o
    to bend

    ex: reflexology
  84. gloss/o
    toungue

    ex: hemiglossoctomy
  85. somn/o
    sleep

    ex: insomnia
  86. son/o
    sound

    ex: ultrasonography
  87. thyr/o
    thryroid gland

    ex: hyperthyroidism
  88. top/o
    place, position, location

    ex: topography
  89. tox/o
    poison

    ex: toxic
  90. urethr/o
    urethra

    ex: urethral
  91. an/o
    proct/o
    rect/o
    anus, rectum

    • ex: anal
    •       proctologist
  92. append/o
    appendic/o
    appendix

    ex: appendectomy
  93. bucc/o
    cheek

    ex: buccal
  94. cec/o
    cecum

    ex: cecal
  95. celi/o
    belly, abdomen

    ex: celiac
  96. cheil/o
    lip

    ex: cheilosis
  97. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder

    ex: cholecystectomy
  98. choledoch/o
    common bile duct

    ex: choledocholoctomy
  99. colon/o
    col/o
    colon
  100. dent/i
    tooth
  101. duoden/o
    duodenum
  102. enter/o
    intestine
  103. faci/o
    face
  104. gingiv/o
    gums
  105. jejun/o
    jejunum
  106. labi/o
    lip
  107. lapar/o
    abdomen
  108. lingu/o
    tongue
  109. mandibul/o
    lower jaw, mandible
  110. odont/o
    tooth
  111. or/o
    mouth
  112. palat/o
    palate
  113. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  114. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  115. pharyng/o
    throat
  116. pylor/o
    pyloric sphincter
  117. sialaden/o
    salivary gland
  118. sigmoid/o
    S shaped colon
  119. stomat/o
    mouth
  120. uvul/o
    uvula
  121. amyl/o
    starch
  122. bil/i
    gall, bile
  123. bilirubin/o
    bilirubin (bile pigment)
  124. chol/e
    gall, bile
  125. chlorhydr/o
    hydrochloric acid
  126. lith/o
    stone
  127. prote/o
    protein
  128. sial/o
    saliva, salivary

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