Biology Chapter 7

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Author:
amcmullen
ID:
208587
Filename:
Biology Chapter 7
Updated:
2013-03-20 18:08:25
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Description:
How Cells Release Chemical Energy
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  1. Aerobic
    Involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen.
  2. Anaerobic
    Occurring in the absence of oxygen
  3. Aerobic Respiration
    Oxygen requiring metabolic pathway that breaks down carbohydrates to produce ATP
  4. Fermentation
    Metabolic pathway that breaks down carbohydrates to produce ATP; does not require oxygen
  5. Glycolysis
    Set of reactions in which glucose or another sugar is broken down to two pyruvate for a net yield of two ATP
  6. Pyruvate
    Three-carbon end product of glycolysis
  7. Substrate-Level Phosphorylation
    A reaction that transfers a phosphate group from a substrate directly to ADP; thus forming ATP
  8. Krebs cycle
    Cyclic pathway that, along with acetyl-CoA formation, breaks down pyruvate to carbon dioxide during aerobic respiration
  9. Alcoholic fermentation
    Anaerobic carbohydrate breakdown pathway that produces ATP and ethanol. Begins with glycolysis; end reactions regenerate NAD+ so glycolysis can continue
  10. Lactate Fermentation
    Anaerobic carbohydrate breakdown pathway that produces ATP and lactate

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