Disease Presentations

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bhansen04
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208619
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Disease Presentations
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2013-03-20 20:24:41
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Disease Presentations
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Disease Presentations
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  1. How can you get Malaria?
    direct contact with a female (Anaophele) mosquito
  2. What is Malaria caused by?
    Protozoa
  3. What genus does the parasite belong to?
    Plasmodium
  4. Where is Malaria most common?
    Africa
  5. What strain of Malaria is most deadly?
    Plasmodium Falciparum
  6. How many types of the Plague are known?
    three
  7. On Average how many cases are reported in the US?
    5-15 cases
  8. True or False: The Plague treatable?
    True
  9. What type of weapon is the Plague currently considered?
    Bioterrorism
  10. The Plague is what type of microorganism?
    Bacteria
  11. What age group is the most at risk for contracting Bacterial Meningitis?
    Infants and children
  12. The two specific geographical areas that have a high risk of Bacterial Meningitis during specific times of year are?
    Mecca and Sub-Saharan Africa
  13. The Bacterial Meningitis microbe has to first do what to infect the body?
    Colonize the nasopharynx
  14. A key sign/symptom that one might have Bacterial Meningitis is?
    Stiff neck
  15. The three types of bacteria that causes Meningitis and uses the same targets within the brain are?
    Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenza
  16. What type of Eukaryotic pathogen causes tapeworms?
    Helminthes
  17. What species of tapeworm is the most dangerous?
    T. solium
  18. What temperature should whole cuts of meat be cooked to?
    145 degrees F
  19. Which one is a symptom of a tapeworm infection?
    Abdominal pain
  20. Tapeworm eggs of T. solium come from what animal and can cause cysticercosis in humans?
    Pigs
  21. What organ does Hepatitis C affect?
    Liver
  22. What kind of microbe causes Hepatitis C?
    Virus
  23. Where does this disease occur?
    Worldwide
  24. Which of the following is NOT a way Hepatitis C is transmitted?
    IV drug use
  25. How is Hepatitis C diagnosed?
    Blood tests
  26. What causes Polio?
    Virus
  27. What famous person contracted Polio at age 39?
    FDR
  28. Which three countries remain Polio endemic?
    Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan
  29. What does the term Poliomyelitis mean?
    Polio (the gray matter) myel (of the spinal cord) itis (is inflames)
  30. What system of the body does Polio affect?
    Nervous system
  31. In the late 1940s to the 1950s how many people were crippled by Polio?
    35,000
  32. What is Mono also known as?
    THe kissing disease
  33. Which is not a symptom of Mono?
    Over eating
  34. Mono is most common in what ages?
    15-17 year olds
  35. Mono is transmitted what way?
    Direct contact
  36. True or False: Mono is not viral
    False (it is viral and bacterial)
  37. How is Lyme disease confirmed?
    ELISA or IFA test and Western Blot
  38. What are some of the symptoms of Lyme disease in stage 1?
    flu-like symptoms and bull's eye rash
  39. How is Lyme disease treated within children? adults?
    Children: Amoxicillin Adults: Antibiotics like penicillin and Amoxicillin
  40. When is the greatest risk for contracting Lyme disease?
    Spring and Summer
  41. What are some prevention methods against Lyme disease?
    Wear protective clothing, use repellants, pesticides
  42. What causes Lyme disease?
    bacteria
  43. How is Pertussis transmitted?
    Airborne
  44. What type of microbe causes Pertussis?
    Bacteria
  45. Who is Pertussis most dangerous to?
    Infants
  46. True of False: There is no vaccine for Pertussis
    False
  47. What is the treatment for Pertussis?
    Antibiotics
  48. What is one of the serotypes of Salmonellosis?
    typhimurium
  49. What is a common risk factor of Salmonellosis?
    immunocompromised
  50. What is an effective method of prevention of Salmonellosis?
    Hand washing
  51. Where in the world is pathogenic Salmonella found?
    world wide
  52. What is a mode of transmission of Salmonellosis?
    Foodborne
  53. What causes Salmonella?
    Bacteria
  54. How is Tuberculosis transmitted?
    Airborne
  55. Bacteria in latent TB is what?
    Dormant
  56. True or False: The BCG vaccine is necessary in the United States?
    False
  57. How much of the world is infected with TB?
    one third
  58. Approximately how many people were infected with TB in 2011?
    9 million
  59. What causes Tuberculosis?
    Bacteria
  60. What is the mode of transmission for H. pylori?
    oral-oral and fecal-oral (both a and b)
  61. True or False: Helicobacter pylori is a micro-aerophile?
    True
  62. What percentage of the world's population is infected with H. pylori?
    50 percent
  63. The incidence of H. pylori infection is trending which direction?
    decreasing in industrialized countries
  64. What living conditions will increase your risk of H. pylori infection?
    crowded living conditions, living with someone with H. pylori, living without a hot water supply, living in a developing country (all of the above)
  65. What causes H pylori?
    Bacteria
  66. Which of the following are most likely to have conditions that facilitate the spread of strep bacteria?
    schools, work places, hospitals (all of the above)
  67. What method of transmission is streptococcal pharyngitis?
    Airborne
  68. Which of the following antibiotics are commonly used to treat strep throat?
    Penicillin, Amoxicillin, Cephalexin
  69. What is the name of the bacteria that causes Streptococcal pharyngitis?
    Streptococcus pyogenes
  70. Which is not a symptom of strep throat: sneezing, sore throat, fever or difficulty swallowing?
    Sneezing
  71. What type of vehicle transmission is Trichinosis spread?
    Foodborne
  72. What dissolves the larval cyst outer casing in the process of contracting Trichinosis?
    stomach acid
  73. Where do adult Trichinella grow and reproduce?
    Intestinal mucosa
  74. Where do larvae move to and lay dormant?
    Muscle tissue
  75. What is the only way of contracting Trichinosis from another human being?
    Cannibalism
  76. What causes Ebola?
    Virus
  77. Who does Ebola affect?
    Monkeys, bats and humans
  78. Where is Ebola found?
    Central Africa
  79. What are early symptoms of Ebola?
    fatigue, sore muscles, headache
  80. How is Ebola transmitted?
    Direct contact with infected humans, monkeys, apes or bats
  81. What are the final stage symptoms of Ebola?
    unconsciousness, internal bleeding, death
  82. Chicken pox is typically spread by?
    airborne or direct contact
  83. When was the chicken pox vaccine introduced?
    1995
  84. How long does it take for symptoms to appear?
    10-21 days after exposure
  85. Who is at risk for the infection? Pick the best answer
    children, adolescents, adults, pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems
  86. How long do chicken pox typcially last?
    5-10 days
  87. What causes chicken pox?
    virus
  88. Approximately how many cases of inhalation anthrax are fatal?
    60%
  89. What causes anthrax?
    bacteria
  90. What are the three types of anthrax?
    Cutaneous, gastrointestinal, inhalation
  91. What is the most common form of anthrax?
    cutaneous anthrax
  92. Where was the largest anthrax outbreak?
    Zimbabwe
  93. What is the most common way to contract anthrax?
    coming into contact with contaminated animal hides
  94. How is Typhoid Fever diagnosed?
    Take a blood or stool sample and test for Salmonella typhi
  95. What causes typhoid?
    bacteria
  96. Is Typhoid Fever life threatening?
    yes, 12-30% are fatal
  97. Are there vaccines available for Typhoid Fever?
    yes
  98. How is Typhoid Fever transmitted?
    Water and food contaminated with fecal matter
  99. Who is at risk of contracting Typhoid Fever?
    International travelers in underdeveloped countries, people living in poverty
  100. What causes syphilis?
    bacteria
  101. Which form of Syphilis is NOT contracted from a sexually transmitted disease?
    Congenital
  102. Treponema pallidum, is what kind of bacteria?
    Spirochete
  103. Which antibiotic is widely used for the treatment of syphilis?
    Penicillin G
  104. What is the age range and gender for those most likely to obtain syphilis?
    Males 20-29
  105. What type of syphilis displays sores and lesions on the surface of the skin?
    Secondary syphilis
  106. What is the mode of transmission of Legionellosis?
    airborne
  107. Where is Legionellosis primarily found?
    water
  108. Legionella bacteria grow and thrive where?
    The lungs
  109. What causes Legionellosi?
    bacteria
  110. How do you treat Legionellosis?
    Antibiotics
  111. How is Legionellosis diagnosed?
    with a chest x-ray and a urinary antigen test
  112. How do you contract the flu virus?
    airborne
  113. Who frequently spreads the flu virus to others?
    children
  114. What can you do to prevent the flu virus?
    get the flu shot or nasal spray (a&b)
  115. Who does the flu virus effect?
    everyone, all of the above
  116. What time of the year is Influenza condidered an epidemic?
    Winter
  117. Which of these is NOT a good way to prevent getting the common cold?
    all are good ways (hand washing, keeping distance from reservoirs of infection, avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
  118. How do remedies help with the common cold?
    Help with the symptoms
  119. Who does the common cold affect the most?
    everyone, all of the above
  120. How many types of viruses cause the common cold?
    200
  121. Out of the following, which is the most common way to get Giardia?
    Drinking contaminated water
  122. Which organ/system does Giardia Lambia effect?
    Digestive system
  123. What causes Giardia?
    Protazoan
  124. Which of the following is the most prevelent symptom of Giardia?
    Diarrhea
  125. What is NOT a way to prevent yourself from contracting Giardia except?
    Eating more mint leaves
  126. How can doctors can diagnose Giardia?
    examining a stool sample
  127. What is the name of the virus that causes smallpox?
    Variola virus
  128. How contagious is smallpox?
    highly contagious
  129. How often is smallpox deadly?
    Often deadly
  130. What is the treatment for smallpox?
    no treatment
  131. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of smallpox?
    shortness of breath
  132. Who is most suseptible to SARS?
    everyone
  133. What region of the world was both the birth place for SARS and also hit hardest by the disease?
    China (Vietnam)
  134. What is the treatment for SARS?
    Isolation, rest and plenty of fluids
  135. What causes SARS?
    Coronavirus
  136. How can SARS be avoided?
    it can't
  137. Is there a cure for SARS?
    yes
  138. What diseases are transmitted by direct contact?
    Syphilis, Ebola, Hepatitis C, Plague, Smallpox, chicken pox, bacterial meningitis, polio, lyme's disease, Mono, Malaria
  139. What diseases are transmitted by food or water?
    Salmonella, typhoid, Giardiasis, Tapeworms, Trichinosis, H pylori
  140. What diseases are transmitted by air?
    Strep throat, common cold, Pertussis, Tuberculosis, Influenza, Legionellosis, anthrax, SARS

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