Card Set Information
How can you get Malaria?
direct contact with a female (Anaophele) mosquito
What is Malaria caused by?
What genus does the parasite belong to?
Where is Malaria most common?
What strain of Malaria is most deadly?
How many types of the Plague are known?
On Average how many cases are reported in the US?
True or False: The Plague treatable?
What type of weapon is the Plague currently considered?
The Plague is what type of microorganism?
What age group is the most at risk for contracting Bacterial Meningitis?
Infants and children
The two specific geographical areas that have a high risk of Bacterial Meningitis during specific times of year are?
Mecca and Sub-Saharan Africa
The Bacterial Meningitis microbe has to first do what to infect the body?
Colonize the nasopharynx
A key sign/symptom that one might have Bacterial Meningitis is?
The three types of bacteria that causes Meningitis and uses the same targets within the brain are?
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenza
What type of Eukaryotic pathogen causes tapeworms?
What species of tapeworm is the most dangerous?
What temperature should whole cuts of meat be cooked to?
145 degrees F
Which one is a symptom of a tapeworm infection?
Tapeworm eggs of T. solium come from what animal and can cause cysticercosis in humans?
What organ does Hepatitis C affect?
What kind of microbe causes Hepatitis C?
Where does this disease occur?
Which of the following is NOT a way Hepatitis C is transmitted?
IV drug use
How is Hepatitis C diagnosed?
What causes Polio?
What famous person contracted Polio at age 39?
Which three countries remain Polio endemic?
Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan
What does the term Poliomyelitis mean?
Polio (the gray matter) myel (of the spinal cord) itis (is inflames)
What system of the body does Polio affect?
In the late 1940s to the 1950s how many people were crippled by Polio?
What is Mono also known as?
THe kissing disease
Which is not a symptom of Mono?
Mono is most common in what ages?
15-17 year olds
Mono is transmitted what way?
True or False: Mono is not viral
False (it is viral and bacterial)
How is Lyme disease confirmed?
ELISA or IFA test and Western Blot
What are some of the symptoms of Lyme disease in stage 1?
flu-like symptoms and bull's eye rash
How is Lyme disease treated within children? adults?
Children: Amoxicillin Adults: Antibiotics like penicillin and Amoxicillin
When is the greatest risk for contracting Lyme disease?
Spring and Summer
What are some prevention methods against Lyme disease?
Wear protective clothing, use repellants, pesticides
What causes Lyme disease?
How is Pertussis transmitted?
What type of microbe causes Pertussis?
Who is Pertussis most dangerous to?
True of False: There is no vaccine for Pertussis
What is the treatment for Pertussis?
What is one of the serotypes of Salmonellosis?
What is a common risk factor of Salmonellosis?
What is an effective method of prevention of Salmonellosis?
Where in the world is pathogenic Salmonella found?
What is a mode of transmission of Salmonellosis?
What causes Salmonella?
How is Tuberculosis transmitted?
Bacteria in latent TB is what?
True or False: The BCG vaccine is necessary in the United States?
How much of the world is infected with TB?
Approximately how many people were infected with TB in 2011?
What causes Tuberculosis?
What is the mode of transmission for H. pylori?
oral-oral and fecal-oral (both a and b)
True or False: Helicobacter pylori is a micro-aerophile?
What percentage of the world's population is infected with H. pylori?
The incidence of H. pylori infection is trending which direction?
decreasing in industrialized countries
What living conditions will increase your risk of H. pylori infection?
crowded living conditions, living with someone with H. pylori, living without a hot water supply, living in a developing country (all of the above)
What causes H pylori?
Which of the following are most likely to have conditions that facilitate the spread of strep bacteria?
schools, work places, hospitals (all of the above)
What method of transmission is streptococcal pharyngitis?
Which of the following antibiotics are commonly used to treat strep throat?
Penicillin, Amoxicillin, Cephalexin
What is the name of the bacteria that causes Streptococcal pharyngitis?
Which is not a symptom of strep throat: sneezing, sore throat, fever or difficulty swallowing?
What type of vehicle transmission is Trichinosis spread?
What dissolves the larval cyst outer casing in the process of contracting Trichinosis?
Where do adult Trichinella grow and reproduce?
Where do larvae move to and lay dormant?
What is the only way of contracting Trichinosis from another human being?
What causes Ebola?
Who does Ebola affect?
Monkeys, bats and humans
Where is Ebola found?
What are early symptoms of Ebola?
fatigue, sore muscles, headache
How is Ebola transmitted?
Direct contact with infected humans, monkeys, apes or bats
What are the final stage symptoms of Ebola?
unconsciousness, internal bleeding, death
Chicken pox is typically spread by?
airborne or direct contact
When was the chicken pox vaccine introduced?
How long does it take for symptoms to appear?
10-21 days after exposure
Who is at risk for the infection? Pick the best answer
children, adolescents, adults, pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems
How long do chicken pox typcially last?
What causes chicken pox?
Approximately how many cases of inhalation anthrax are fatal?
What causes anthrax?
What are the three types of anthrax?
Cutaneous, gastrointestinal, inhalation
What is the most common form of anthrax?
Where was the largest anthrax outbreak?
What is the most common way to contract anthrax?
coming into contact with contaminated animal hides
How is Typhoid Fever diagnosed?
Take a blood or stool sample and test for Salmonella typhi
What causes typhoid?
Is Typhoid Fever life threatening?
yes, 12-30% are fatal
Are there vaccines available for Typhoid Fever?
How is Typhoid Fever transmitted?
Water and food contaminated with fecal matter
Who is at risk of contracting Typhoid Fever?
International travelers in underdeveloped countries, people living in poverty
What causes syphilis?
Which form of Syphilis is NOT contracted from a sexually transmitted disease?
Treponema pallidum, is what kind of bacteria?
Which antibiotic is widely used for the treatment of syphilis?
What is the age range and gender for those most likely to obtain syphilis?
What type of syphilis displays sores and lesions on the surface of the skin?
What is the mode of transmission of Legionellosis?
Where is Legionellosis primarily found?
Legionella bacteria grow and thrive where?
What causes Legionellosi?
How do you treat Legionellosis?
How is Legionellosis diagnosed?
with a chest x-ray and a urinary antigen test
How do you contract the flu virus?
Who frequently spreads the flu virus to others?
What can you do to prevent the flu virus?
get the flu shot or nasal spray (a&b)
Who does the flu virus effect?
everyone, all of the above
What time of the year is Influenza condidered an epidemic?
Which of these is NOT a good way to prevent getting the common cold?
all are good ways (hand washing, keeping distance from reservoirs of infection, avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
How do remedies help with the common cold?
Help with the symptoms
Who does the common cold affect the most?
everyone, all of the above
How many types of viruses cause the common cold?
Out of the following, which is the most common way to get Giardia?
Drinking contaminated water
Which organ/system does Giardia Lambia effect?
What causes Giardia?
Which of the following is the most prevelent symptom of Giardia?
What is NOT a way to prevent yourself from contracting Giardia except?
Eating more mint leaves
How can doctors can diagnose Giardia?
examining a stool sample
What is the name of the virus that causes smallpox?
How contagious is smallpox?
How often is smallpox deadly?
What is the treatment for smallpox?
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of smallpox?
shortness of breath
Who is most suseptible to SARS?
What region of the world was both the birth place for SARS and also hit hardest by the disease?
What is the treatment for SARS?
Isolation, rest and plenty of fluids
What causes SARS?
How can SARS be avoided?
Is there a cure for SARS?
What diseases are transmitted by direct contact?
Syphilis, Ebola, Hepatitis C, Plague, Smallpox, chicken pox, bacterial meningitis, polio, lyme's disease, Mono, Malaria
What diseases are transmitted by food or water?
Salmonella, typhoid, Giardiasis, Tapeworms, Trichinosis, H pylori
What diseases are transmitted by air?
Strep throat, common cold, Pertussis, Tuberculosis, Influenza, Legionellosis, anthrax, SARS