Gov't

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TJB
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208637
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Gov't
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2013-03-20 21:53:20
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Gov't Unit 5
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  1. An obvious and important difference between a president and a prime minister is that the prime minister always has
    A. executive powers
    B. support in the military
    C. majority support in parliament
    D. support in the cabinet
    E. interest group support
    C. majority support in parliament
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Alexander Hamilton stood at the Constitutional Convention and gave a five hour speech calling for
    A. a plural executive
    B. his own appointment as Chief Executive
    C. an elected president
    D. an elective monarchy
    E. an official declaration that George Washington would be the first President
    D. an elective monarchy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The cause of those who argued for a single elected president at the convention was, no doubt, aided by the fact that
    A. Alexander Hamilton had already declared himself a candidate
    B. everybody assumed that George Washington would be the first president
    C. Massachusetts had experienced great success under such a system
    D. no individual was likely to be chosen as president who was not a member of the upper class
    E. The Articles of Confederation fostered deep respect for the office
    B. everybody assumed that George Washington would be the first president
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The concern shared by the framers about the popular election of presidents was that it might
    A. give inordinate power to political parties, as indeed turned out to the case
    B. give inordinate power to larger, more populous states
    C. cause political parties to gain to much power in the election process
    D. prove unwieldy at a time when transportation and communication were so primitive
    E. open up elections to mass hysteria and to control by the media
    B. give inordinate power to larger, more populous states
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Under the original provisions of the U.S. Constitution, the states were to choose presidential electors
    A. by rules designated in the courts
    B. by vote of the legislature
    C. by appointment of the governor
    D. however they wished
    E. by popular vote
    D. however they wished
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The framers assumed that, under the electoral college system, most presidential elections would be decided in the House. Why did this not turn out to be the case?
    A. because most elections were not close enough to give state legislatures the power to decide the outcome
    B. because the first Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional the electoral college system for electing the president
    C. because political parties ended up playing a major role in producing nationwide support for a slate of nationwide candidates
    D. because the Senate quickly usurped the delegate power of the House
    E. because the Supreme Court narrowly interpreted the powers of Congress
    C. because political parties ended up playing a major role in producing nationwide support for a slate of nationwide candidates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Presidents have been limited to two terms by the
    A. 16th amendment
    B. 14th amendment
    C. 22nd amendment
    D. 19th amendment
    E. 21st amendment
    C. 22nd amendment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
    A. in order to win an election, a candidate must receive three-fourths of votes in the electoral college
    B. electoral ballots are opened before a joint session of Congress during the first week of January
    C. state electors assemble in their state's capital to cast their electoral ballots
    D. each state receives an electoral vote for each member it has in the House and Senate
    E. in some states, electoral votes can be split between the candidates
    A. in order to win an election, a candidate must receive three-fourths of votes in the electoral college
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which statements about elections thrown into the House of Representatives is incorrect?
    A. if there is a tie within a state delegation, that state's vote is not counted
    B. this process is only used when no candidate receives a majority of the votes of the electoral college
    C. the House chooses from among the top two candidates
    D. each state casts one vote
    E. a state's vote is given to the candidate preferred by the majority of the state's House delegation
    C. the House chooses from among the top two candidates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. When we say that a powerful presidency has been institutionalized, we mean that its power is no longer dependent on
    A. Congress
    B. Executive orders
    C. personality
    D. the U.S. Constitution
    E. legitimacy
    C. personality
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The rule of propinquity states that
    A. power tends to be wielded by the people who are in the room when a decision is made
    B. power is greatest when legitimacy is strongest
    C. power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely
    D. power tends to be shared most evenly when leadership is weakest
    E. power is rarely distinguished from wealth and fame
    A. power tends to be wielded by the people who are in the room when a decision is made
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The principle function of the White House office is to
    A. supervise the national security agencies such as the FBI and CIA
    B. oversee the political and policy interests of the president
    C. administer federal departments as the president's representative
    D. prepare the national budget for the president
    E. supervise military intelligence agencies
    B. oversee the political and policy interests of the president
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The cabinet officers consist of the heads of
    A. the major government agencies
    B. independent agencies and commissions
    C. the major executive departments
    D. the minor governmental agencies
    E. the major government agencies and commissions
    C. the major executive departments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The results of the Supreme Court's ruling in United States v. Nixon was that
    A. Nixon was allowed to destroy the disputed tapes and records to keep them from Congress
    B. Nixon was forced to hand over the disputed tapes and papers
    C. Congress was forced to impeach Nixon to gain access to the disputed taper and papers
    D. Nixon was allowed to retain the disputed tapes and papers
    E. Congress was allowed to take custody of the disputed tapes and papers under judicial review
    B. Nixon was forced to hand over the disputed tapes and papers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The typical work week for a President numbers approximately
    A. 90 hours
    B. 75 hours
    C. 70 hours
    D. 40 hours
    E. 55 hours
    A. 90 hours
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The constitutional duty of the vice president is to
    A. facilitate ratification of treaties
    B. coordinate foreign policy
    C. supervise the White House staff
    D. preside over the cabinet
    E. preside over the Senate
    E. preside over the Senate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Who succeeds to the presidency if both the president and vice president die?
    A. Secretary of State
    B. Speaker of the House
    C. Senate majority leader
    D. most senior cabinet member
    E. president pro tempore of the Senate
    B. Speaker of the House
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The position of acting president, to take over if the president was temporarily incapacitated, was created by
    A. the original U.S. Constitution
    B. executive reorganization
    C. the 25th amendment
    D. an Executive Order
    E. an act of Congress
    C. the 25th amendment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A president suffers a stroke but wants to remain in office. The vice president and cabinet disagree. Who decides whether the president should continue to serve?
    A. the vice president and cabinet
    B. the Supreme Court
    C. the president
    D. a writ of mandamus
    E. Congress
    E. Congress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. _______ decide(s) whether a president should be impeached.
    A. the Senate
    B. the Senate Judicial Committee
    C. both houses of Congress
    D. the Supreme Court
    E. the House
    E. the House
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A bill is passed to the president for action while Congress is still in session. After 10 days the president still has not taken any action on it. What happens to the bill?
    A. it becomes a law
    B. it is vetoed
    C. nothing, the president has 90 days to act
    D. it is returned to Congress
    E. nothing, the president has 30 days to act
    A. it becomes a law
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Every president since Harry Truman has commented that power of the presidency
    A. looks greater from the outside than from the inside
    B. needs to be expanded in the interest of freedom
    C. needs to be limited in the defenses of freedom
    D. is greater than it appears to be from the outside
    E. is flexible, but always adequate to the task at hand
    A. looks greater from the outside than from the inside
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The presidential audiences listed by Richard Neustadt included all of the following except
    A. party activists and office holders outside of Washington
    B. the public
    C. fellow politicians in Washington
    D. leaders in Washington
    E. heads of state from around the world
    E. heads of state from around the world
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. When a presidential candidate talks on the campaign trail of the many good things that he would accomplish as president, he is appealing principally to
    A. the media
    B. fellow politicians
    C. fellow leaders
    D. the general public
    E. partisan activists at the state and local levels
    D. the general public
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The president officially recognizes the government of the newly independent country of Kosovo. The president has just acted under which role?
    A. Chief Legislator
    B. Commander-in-Chief
    C. Chief Executive
    D. Chief Diplomat
    E. Chief of State
    D. Chief Diplomat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Alexis de Tocqueville suggested that the proper conduct of foreign affairs requires
    A. an equal balance of majoritarian, client, and interest group politics
    B. unmitigated allegiance and stoic dispostion
    C. power that is shared among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of gov.
    D. sensitivity to culture and courage to act forcefully
    E. precisely those qualities most lacking in democratic nations
    E. precisely those qualities most lacking in democratic nations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following statements about the president's power in foreign affairs is true?
    A. it is greater than their power over domestic affairs
    B. it is strictly limited by the federal court system
    C. it is greater than that of leaders of other nations
    D. it has rarely caused great controversy or political debate
    E. it is probably less than the Framers intended
    A. it is greater than their power over domestic affairs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The constitutional power to appoint ambassadors and to negotiate treaties is vested in the
    A. president
    B. House
    C. Congress
    D. State Department
    E. Senate
    A. president
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. In the conduct of foreign affairs, the president has constitutionally been vested with each of the following powers except the power to
    A. act as commander-in -chief of the armed forces
    B. a and d
    C. negotiate treaties with other nations
    D. declare war on other nations
    E. appoint ambassadors
    D. declare war on other nations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Compared with the leaders of other nations, the ability of a U.S. president to act decisively during times of foreign crisis is generally
    A. more constrained by the courts, less constrained by the legislature
    B. less limited
    C. about as limited
    D. more limited
    E. more constrained by both the courts and the legislature
    D. more limited
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. When a U.S. president signs a treaty with another nation, he or she is issuing
    A. a legal mandate that has been approved by the courts
    B. his or her promise to try to get the Senate to go along
    C. his or her personal guarantee that the U.S. will act in a prescribed fashion
    D. a legal mandate that has been approved by Congress
    E. a congressional promise that the U.S. will act in a prescribed fashion
    B. his or her promise to try to get the Senate to go along
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The branch of government least involved in foreign policy disputes has traditionally been
    A. Congress
    B. the Supreme Court
    C. the executive branch
    d. all of the above
    e. a and b
    B. the Supreme Court
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The most important check on what the president can do in foreign affairs is
    A. the Supreme Court
    B. the Joint Chiefs of Staff
    C. congressional control over the purse strings
    D. the Pentagon bureaucracy
    E. the two-party system
    C. congressional control over the purse strings
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The War Powers Act of 1973 requires that
    A. Congress not interfere with the president's role as Commander-in-Chief
    B. the president consult with Congress when sending troops into a new conflict
    C. troops be removed from conflicts within 120 days of the beginning of an operation
    D. the president not spend money for military engagements without prior approval of Congress
    E. Congress declare war whenever the president sends troops into a conflict
    B. the president consult with Congress when sending troops into a new conflict
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following statements about congressional oversight of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) covert activities is true?
    A. Congress must approve those activities that involve political assassination
    B. Congress has no authority to disapprove of such activities
    C. Congress must approve those activities which will extend more than 60 days
    D. Congress must approve those activities that involve military expenditures
    E. Congress has blanket authority to approve or disapprove of such activities
    B. Congress has no authority to disapprove of such activities
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The text suggests that ______ president(s) has/have recognized the War Powers Act as constitutional?
    A. every
    B. no
    C. first term
    D. Democratic
    E. Republican
    B. no
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Foreign policy became the first item on the president's agenda at what period in U.S. history?
    A. during and after WWI
    B. during and after the Civil War
    C. during and after WWII
    D. during and after Vietnam
    E. during and after the Gulf War
    C. during and after WWII
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Federal agencies that have agents or missions abroad include all of the following except
    A. Department of Interior
    B. Department of Labor
    C. Drug Enforcement Administration
    D. a and d
    E. Department of Agriculture
    A. Department of Interior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. An example of an elite opinion that dominated U.S. foreign policy for years was George Kennan's article developing the strategy of 
    A. containment
    B. national liberation
    C. retroactive dependency
    D. isolationism
    E. massive retaliation
    A. containment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The Munich worldview stipulated that it would be foolish to
    A. expect capitalism to survive much longer
    B. pre-empt an attack by an aggressive use of force
    C. try to answer aggression with appeasement
    D. maintain a colonial empire in the contemporary world
    E. use military force for political objectives
    C. try to answer aggression with appeasement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The idea that defense politics is client politics is stressed by those who emphasize the importance of 
    A. the military-industrial complex
    B. the threat of oppressive regimes
    C. bureaucratic politics
    D. the power of elites
    E. the central role of the president
    A. the military-industrial complex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The National Security Act of 1947 created the
    A. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines
    B. Navy Seals
    C. State Department
    D. Department of War
    E. Department of Defense
    E. Department of Defense
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. the chief concern reflected in the structure within which decisions about national defense are made is
    A. to prevent, at all costs, the losses caused by war
    B. to ensure civilian control over the military
    C. to maintain U.S. isolation from foreign wars
    D. to maintain the traditional autonomy to the military services
    E. to integrate military intelligence
    B. to ensure civilian control over the military
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JSC) include
    A. representatives of both houses of Congress
    B. the uniformed head of each service
    C. representatives of Congress and military intelligence
    D. most of the combat forces of the U.S.
    E. both uniformed and specific commands
    B. the uniformed head of each service
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. When legal issues have arisen out of foreign policy disputes between the president and Congress, the Supreme Court has generally
    A. refused to intervene
    B. favored the president
    C. relied upon the Solicitor General to resolve conflicts
    D. interpreted the Constitution quite literally
    E. favored Congress
    A. refused to intervene
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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