Public Speaking test 3

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  1. words with reoccurring initial sounds
  2. identifies more than one object or idea, its
    meaning depends on the context. For example the word pot.
    Ambiguous word
  3. the emotional overtones that words carry.
    Connotative meaning
  4. the meaning you find in a dictionary, what the word
    names of identifies
    Denotative meaning
  5. comparison of two dissimilar things
  6. giving human characteristics to nonhuman entities(the sky
  7. short comparisons that use the word like or as to
    compare two items that are alike in one essential detail
  8. preparing a speech carefully in advance but
    choosing the exact wording as you deliver a speech
    Extemporaneous delivery
  9. looking audience in the eye, communicates friendliness in
    the united states
    Eye contact
  10. self presentation, using the metaphor of a staged
    drama in which we use outlines and personal mannerisms to create and maintain
    impressions of ourselves
    Impression Management
  11. reading a speech
    manuscript delivery
  12. points out what can be, not what is. (commonly used in
    Rhetoric of possibility
  13. an oral art form we use to preserve and transmit
    commonly held ideas, images, motives, and emotions
  14. Denotative Meaning
    -  definition of the word

    • -  provide synonyms and antonyms that are familiar
    • to your audience

    • -       explain the use or function of what you’re
    • defining

    • -   compare an unknown concept ir item to one your
    • audience already knows
  15. connotatative meanings
    - the emotional association of words

    • -  relate a personal experience that demonstrates
    • the idea

    • - explain the use of r function of what you’re
    • defining

    • - give the etymology of the word, what’s its
    • historical source?how has the concept developed over time

    • - connect the term to a familiar political social
    • or moral issue
  16. Guidelines for informative speaking
    Do an obstacle analysis of the audience (invention)

    Organize the material carefully (disposition)

    personalize your material for your audience(style)

    Compare the known to the unknown(disposition)

    Choose your vocabulary carefully(style)

    Build in repetition and redundancy(disposition)

    Strive to be interesting(delivery)
  17. Do an obstacle
    analysis of the audience(invention)
    • -  Identify parts of the message that may be difficult to
    • understand and make them more clear

    • -  Identify internal barriers, choose a topic that
    • will hold readers attention
  18. Organize the material carefully (disposition)
    -  state your major points clearly

    • -  use lists and traditional patterns to keep
    • speech flowing
  19. personalize your material for your audience(style)
    • - Try to make information in your speech
    • personally relevant

    • -  Help listeners see connection between your topic
    • and their goals/beliefs/experiences
  20. Compare the known to the unknown(disposition)
    • -  Start with whats familiar to your audience and
    • then build on its foundation

    • -  Show similarity and differences to what the
    • reader knows and doesn’t know
  21. Choose your vocabulary carefully(style)
    - avoid jargon, define terms audience may not know

    - avoid negative words that the audience may not like
  22. Build in repetition and redundancy(disposition)
    - repetition- say the same thing more than once’

    - redundancy-developing the same idea by repeating it

    • - repeat and redefine critical parts of the
    • message to reinforce these crucial points in listeners minds
  23. Strive to be interesting(delivery)
    • -  Try to enliven your speech,
    • -  Use examples and creative descriptions
Card Set:
Public Speaking test 3
2013-03-21 03:35:22
Public Speaking test

Public Speaking test 3
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