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Roman portraiture is characterised by...
unusual realism and the desire to convey images of nature in the high quality style
-Influenced by Etruscans and Greeks
-Portrait sculpture from the Republican era tends to be more modest, realistic, and natural
-Augustus: portraits in how he wanted to look
-Tiberius: closely modeled on those of Augustus, unmistakably depict a member of same imperial family
-Claudius as Jupiter: depicted as youth, best portraits of him in guise of Jupiter with god’s eagle
-Nero latest portraits: sensuousness and realistic depiction of textures of flesh and hair
-Galba: depicted as older man, tough look that invoked values of Roman Republic
-Vitellius: combines military style of Galba
How did traditions change in the transition from the Republic to Empire
-Occasionally portrayed bearded
-The victor, Vespasian, founded a new dynasty, and the Flavians ruled the Roman Empire for a quarter century
- -Vespasian revived the veristic imagery of the Republic, depicting him as an older man
- with deep lines and a balding head
-Vespasian was anti-Nero
-Vitellius: depicted in statues as commander of army
-Titus : depicted as man 40 years and slightly resembling his father as intended
-Caligula: represent him as a young man, none give a hint of his reputed mental instability
-Flavian Women: preferred to be represented as young and beautiful, portrait notable for elegance; embraced Republican values
-Flavian Venus: older face on young perfect body
- -Agrippina the Elder: example of preservation place the portrait in a class, perfectly
- proportioned girlish face, even though older
Where were portraits placed?
-Augustus, with the gods, Chariots, Battles
-In villas or forums for people to see
-Entrance halls of houses reveal about family’s history & social & political position
-In tombs for personal comfort
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