Governance Chapter 8

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Governance Chapter 8
2013-03-21 09:39:57
Chapter Terms

Chapter 8 Terms
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  1. Twenty-Second Amendment
    Adopted in 1951; prevents a president from serving more than two terms, or more than ten years if he came to office via the death, resignation, or impeachment of his predecessor.
  2. impeachment
    The power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Constitution to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers," including federal judges, with "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors." This is the first step in the constitutional process of removing government officials from office.
  3. executive privilege
    An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary.
  4. U.S. v. Nixon (1974)
    Supreme court ruling on the power of the president, holding that there is no absolute constitutional executive privilege allowing a president to refuse to comply with a court order to produce information needed in a criminal trial.
  5. Twenty-Fifth Amendment
    Adopted in 1967 to establish procedures for filling vacancies in the office of president and vice president as well as providing for procedures to deal with the disability of a president.
  6. Cabinet
    The formal body of presidential advisers who head the fifteen executive departments, Presidents often add others to this body of formal advisers.
  7. executive agreements
    Formal international agreements entered into by the president that do not require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate.
  8. veto power
    The formal, constitutional authority of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, thus preventing them from becoming law without further congressional action.
  9. line-item veto
    The authority of a chief executive to delete part of a bill passed by the legislature that involves taxing or spending. Rules unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
  10. War Powers Act
    Passed by Congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty-day period in peacetime (which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period.
  11. pardon
    An executive grant providing restoration of all rights and privileges of citizenship to a specific individual charged or convicted of a crime.
  12. inherent powers
    Powers that belong to the president because they can be inferred from the Constitution.
  13. New Deal
    The name given to the program of "Relief, Recovery, Reform" begun by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 to bring the United States out of the Great Depression.
  14. Executive Office of the President (EOP)
    A mini-bureaucracy created in 1939 to help the president oversee the executive branch bureaucracy.
  15. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    The office that prepares the president's annual budget proposal, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules.
  16. executive order
    Rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. All executive orders must be published in the Federal Register.