220 Breast

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Author:
elevatedsound7
ID:
208880
Filename:
220 Breast
Updated:
2013-03-22 08:51:37
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220 Breast
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220 Breast
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  1. tail of spence is important why
    • the most likely place to get breast cancer
    • it is in a small tail like piece of mamary tissue in the axilla
  2. inverted nipple means
    if it is not normally inverted it can mean an issue in the underlying tissue
  3. locate anatomical position of the breast
  4. galndualr tissue in the breast is made of
    • lobes, lobules, and alveoli
    • lactiferous ducts and sinuses
  5. fibrous tissue in breast are made of
    uspensory ligaments or Cooper's tissue
  6. internal anatomy of the breast include
    • glandular tissue
    • fibrous tissue
    • adipose tissue
  7. most breast cancer when it is found in self exam is the size of
    a pea
  8. if supraclaivicular lymph node is enlarged it is usually associated with the
    breast
  9. gynecomastia
    painful male breast
  10. causcasian  vs african american breast cancer risk
    • white more common to get
    • black high mortality rate
  11. know aging female differences in breast
  12. subjective data for the breast
    • pain
    • lump
    • discharge
    • rash
    • swelling
    • trauma
    • history of breast disease
    • surgery
    • self care
  13. mastalgia
    breast pain
  14. galactorrhea =
    discharge from the breast
  15. when do women start getting mammograms
    40 years old
  16. axilla subjective data
    • tenderness
    • lumps
    • swelling
    • rash
  17. to have better access to the breast during an exam you do what
    put a small pillow behind the shoulder
  18. what to inspect on a breast exam
    • general appearance
    • skin
    • lymphatic drainage areas
    • nipple
    • maneuvers to screen for retraction
  19. what to inspect on axillae exam
    • skin
    • lymph nodes
  20. how do you describe an abnormal finding on a breast exam anatomically
    • upper inner quadrant -----¬† upper outer
    • lower inner ---------- lower outer
    • axillary tail of spence
  21. bimanual technique for a breast exam =
    using both hands to palpate one on top of the breast and one underneath it
  22. if a lump is present in a breast note....
    • location
    • size
    • shape
    • consistency
    • mobility
    • distinctness
    • nipple retraction
    • overlying skin
    • tenderness
    • lymphadenopathy
  23. cancer in breast ususally feels
    hard, immoble, nontender
  24. when to do self breast eam
    • 4th to 7th day after menstral cycle
    • postmenopausal = pick a day
  25. women over what age is most common to develop breast cancer
    over 50
  26. BSE =
    breast self exam
  27. what should you look for with arm movement in breast exam
    • dimpling
    • retraction
  28. edema in breast =
    peau d'orange
  29. fixation =
    when breast doesn't move with movement of the arms
  30. erythema =
    redness
  31. what is benign breat disease
    • mobile , soft and tender
    • no cancerous growth in breast
  32. risk factors for breast cancer
    • women
    • over 50
    • personal hx
    • radiation exposure
    • family hx
    • inherited genes
    • obesity
    • period at young age
    • begining menopause at older age
    • postmenopausal hormone therapy
    • drinking alcohol
  33. mammary duct ectasia discharge
  34. sticky purulent dicharge from breast
  35. paget's disease
    intraductal carcinoma
  36. intraductal papilloma discharge =
    serous serosanginous discharge
  37. older women can have
    palpable firm stringy lactiferous ducts
  38. lobes in breast =
    15-20
  39. relative proportion of gladualr fibrous and adipose tissue =
    • sex
    • reproductive stage
    • nutritional status
  40. suppernumarary nipples =
    extra nipple looks like a mole
  41. most common site of breast cancer
    • upper outer quadrant
    • tail of spence

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