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2013-05-03 13:30:53

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  1. This hormone is called a mineralcorticoid because it helps it regulate the concentration of mineral electrolytes, such as sodium and
    potassium ions
  2. This gland secretes growth hormone
    anterior pituitary
  3. Ca2+ is required during coagulation in the A. intrinsic pathway
    • A. intrinsic pathway
    • B. extrinsic pathway
    • C. common pathway
    • D. all of the above
  4. Which hormone is released in response to low levels of calcium in the blood stream?
  5. Which is involved for the extrinsic pathway of blood clotting?
    • A. tissue factor Ⅲ
    • B. tissue damage
    • C. Ca2+
    • D. All of the above
  6. Gonadotropin releasing hormone stimulates the release of which of the following from the anterior pituitary?
    • follicle stimulating hormone
    • luteinizing hormone
  7. The pancrease secretes hormones involved directly in regulation of
    blood glucose
  8. Which of the following is not a hypophysiotropic hormone?
  9. An individual with bulging eyes (exophthalmous) may
    be secreting excessive thyroid hormone
  10. The thyroid gland secretes
  11. The adrenal cortex is Not directly involved in 
    regulation of Ca2+ balance
  12. Blood clots are primarily made of protein called      .
  13. A deficiency of dietary cholesterol would decrease the production of 
  14. One major target of antidiuretic hormone is 
  15. Which of the following hormones targets the
    anterior pituitary?
  16. Which of the following is Not a steroid hormone
  17. Which of the following hormones affects fluid
    volume and blood volume?
    • aldosterone
    • vasopressin
  18. Insulin is secreted by the          cells of the           
    beta ; pancrease
  19. Steroid and thyroid hormones have receptors that are located        of the target cell
    • in the ICF
    • or
    • in the nucleus
  20. What is the function of plasmin?
    dissolve blood clots
  21. If an individual takes large amounts of testosterone for a period of time, which of the following hormones would you expect to find
    in decreased concentration in the blood?
    • A. gandotropine releasing hormone
    • B. luteinizing hormone
    • C. follicle stimulating hormone
  22. Chronic hypersecretion of a hormone can lead to          he receptor for that chemical messenger on the target cell
    • B. up regulation of
    • D. hyporesponsiveness of
  23. Which disorder represents a hyposecretion disorder?
    • Addison’s disease
    • Diabetes insipidus
  24. Which of the listed signal transduction mechanisms could Not be initiate with a water-soluble chemical messenger?
    Gene activation
  25. Place the following stages of homeostasis in order
    • 5. vasoconstriction
    • 1. platelet plug formation
    • 2. coagulation
    • 4. clot retraction
    • 3. fibrinolysis
  26. Which of the following is Not a hormone released from the anterior pituitary?
    prolactin inhibiting hormone
  27. Which of the following hormones is Not released from the adrenal gland?
  28. Which of the following is Not involved in the
    control of hormone levels in the blood?
    molecular size of the hormone molecule
  29. Choose the targets for vasopressin?
    • A. kidneys 
    • C. blood vessels
  30. Choose the signal transduction mechanism used by acetylcholine to initiate skeletal muscle contraction
    ion channel receptor
  31. Gluconegenesis may be stimulated by which of the following hormones?
    • B. glucagon
    • C. cortisol
  32. A person is diagnosed with hypothyroidism and his T3, T4, TSH and TRH all measure lower than normal values. What is the most
    likely diagnosis?
    tertiary hypothyroidism
  33. What controls oxytocin release?
    hypothalamus action potentials
  34. A peptide hormone that is responsible for
    stimulating sperm development by the testis is?
    follicle stimulating hormone
  35. Which phase of the general adaptation syndrome includes elevated levels of cortisol and aldosterone?
    resistance phase
  36. Choose the enzyme that begins the common pathway of coagulation
  37.          inhibits the release of glucagon
    high plasma glucose
  38. Prolactin releasing hormone(PRH) is produced in the
  39. Aldosterone stimulates
    • Na+ reabsorption
    • K+ secretion
  40. all hormone must be bound to carrier/ bonding/ escort proteins in the blood plasma in order to travel to target cells
  41. Cortisol and insulin can both activate
  42. Destruction of the hypophyseal portal vessel would eventually cause increased TRH secretion
  43. Insulin receptors are located on plasma membranes
  44. Type Ⅰ diabetes insipidus in caused by a lack of insulin
  45. Hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood will cause precocial puberty
  46. Treatment for Type Ⅰ diabetes mellitus involves injections of glucagon of glucagon
  47. A tumor stimulating over secretion of hormones by the parathyroid gland would cause plasma Ca2+ to increase
  48. Hashimoto’s disease is associated with low levels of Triiodothyronine.
  49. Dopamine is released from the hypothalamus and the adrenal cortex:
  50. Type 2 diabetes is an autoimmune disease whereantibodies/white blood cells destroy the pancreatic islets
  51. Which of the following changes in plasma levels would be observed in a primary hyposecretion of cortisol?
    increased CRH, increased ACTH, and decreased cortisol
  52. Spermatogenesis is directly stimulated by
    both LH and testosterone
  53. Diabetes mellitus is a disease that involves insulin and how it affects the body. which of the following statement correctly describes the differences between type 1 and type 2 deabetes mellitus?
    People with type 2 diabetes are most often diagnosed during adulthood while type 1 diabetics are diagnosed early in life
  54. Choose the signal transduction mechanism used by acetycholine to initiate skeletal muscle contraciton.
    Ion channel receptor
  55. What triggers erythropoietin release
    decreased blood oxygen levels
  56. choose the enzyme that begins the common pathway of coagulation
  57. ................. inhibits the release of glucagon
    High plasma glucose
  58. Regulation of insulin release by blood glucose levels is an example of humoral control of hormone secretion.
  59. Androgen insensitivity represents a hyposecretion disorder
  60. the signal transduction mechanism used for steroid hormones is initiated with a tyrosine kinase receptor
  61. One consequence of stress-induced cortisol secretion is hypertension.