what are supernatural beings (in general) ? what are the 6 kinds of supernatural beings discussed in the book? what are they believed to do?
- Types of Belief: Supernatural Beings;
- • Gods/goddesses; usually ancestral. Usually have spent time on earth with humans on earth. Emotional connections to them. They give us rules for proper life. Such as following the 10 commandments.
- • Two kinds of systems;
- • polytheistic many gods/goddesses have equal power but different. Sometimes contain one with more power.
• Monotheistic has one super God with all the power. Sometimes have mini gods.
Demons; seen in systems with gods. Powerful and evil. Tempt people into doing crimes or immoral acts. They can change form and trick humans. Give humans an out- “the devil made me do it” usually fully responsible for all of the bad things that happen to humans.
Souls; the supernatural part/conciousness of humans and some animals that persist after death. Some sort of life force that adds to our personality. Gods give humans their souls. Ex; yanomamo and the three part soul; one will die when the person dies, one goes to eternal happiness, the other wanders the forest forever. Keeps kids from going into the forest at night. Ex; tardy souls; a baby born without a soul yet. Mostly found in religions with a high infant mortality rate. Ex; Berawan and timing rules- the soul needs time to mature, after death to turn into a ghost. Stay away from is so the soul can be released to the after life.
Ghosts; the soul after the body has died. Can cause harm to people. We hold rituals to send ghosts off so they don’t botter us. Sage burning, and séances.
Tricksters; supernatural beings that play jokes or tricks on us they are more annoying than helpful. Can serve as a bad role model for kids. Ex; Don’t be greedy life coyote.
Witches; usually female. Negative supernatural beings. Never admit to being a witch. Used to keep ladies in line by claiming them witches. Not from modern day wiccans.