Chapter 10

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Chapter 10
2013-03-23 01:14:46
Surgical Tech Vocabulary

Vocabulary words
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  1. aperture
    An opening
  2. bipolar electrosurgery
    For this type of electrosurgery, both the active electrode and return electrode functions are performed at the site of surgery. The two tines of the forceps perform the active and return electrode functions. Only the tissue grasped is included in the electrical circuit. Because the return function is performed by one tine of the forceps, no patient return electrode is needed
  3. capillary action
    Action by which liquid travels along an established path; often used in reference to suture in which infectious fluid travels along the length of the suture strand placed in a wound; also referred to as wicking
  4. catheter
    A hollow, cylindrical tube that allows for the removal of fluids or air from the body, injection of fluids, removal of obstruction from ducts, or intravascular monitoring; may be plain tipped or may contain a retention balloon
  5. cottonoid
    Another name for neurosurgical sponge; used to protect delicate neural tissue and to assist with hemostasis
  6. cryo
    Prefix or combining form meaning cold
  7. drain
    Hollow, cylindrical device that is used to evacuate air and/or fluids from a surgical wound; may be passive or active
  8. fenestration
  9. insufflation
    Forcing powder, gas, or vapor into a body cavity
  10. irrigation
    Washing with a stream of fluid
  11. magnification
    Process of enlarging the size of an object with the use of a device such as a microscope
  12. monopolar cautery
    Monopolar electrocautery in which the electrical circuit completes a path from the generator, to the patient, and then back again to the generator
  13. pneumatic
    Pertaining to air
  14. resistance
    (1) Opposing or counteracting force; (2) a force that delays or impedes action
  15. retract
    To draw back; to expose
  16. scalpel
    Another name for the surgical knife handle on which knife blades are attached
  17. serrations
    Grooves located on the jaws of surgical instruments that are either longitudinal, cross-hatched, or horizontal
  18. stainless steel
    A type of metal that is a combination of carbon, chromium, iron, and other metals; most often used in the manufacture of surgical instruments
  19. teeth
    Small projections from the tip(s) of the jaw of certain surgical instruments; used to aid in grasping tissue or vessels
  20. ureteral
    Pertaining to the ureters that exit the kidney and transport urine from the kidney to the bladder
  21. urethral
    Pertaining to the urethra, which travels from the bladder to the exterior of the body