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When can a child turn to or localize sound?
Would a child learn the word car or table first?
If the basic noun is chair.
What would a subordinate and superordinate example be?
subordinate- recliner chair
- Birth- 2 months
- Sounds of discomfort and distress
- Vegetative (occur during feeding)
Control of Phonation Vocalization
- 1.5-4 months
- Cooing and gooing (vowels and nasalized sounds)
- 4-6 months
- Gain control, raspberries, clicks, pops
Control of Articulation Vocalizations
- 5-8 months
- Short strings of consonant and vowel sounds
- Experimentation with sounds and loudness (squealing)
- 6-10 months
- CV sequences (canonical sounds)
- Reduplicated, variegated
Advanced Form Vocalizations
- Diphthongs, CVC forms, VCV forms
- Jargon (sounds like conversation, has stress and intonation)
What are the attributes of Child Directed Speech
- Higher than normal overall pitch
- More frequent use of pitch extremes
- More regular rhythm
- Reference to objects in here and now
- Long pauses between segments
- Slowed rate
- Shorter utterances
- Exaggerated facial expressions
- Sentences syntactically simple
- More repetitions
- Greater loudness variation
- COMPLETE sentences and GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT
Phase 1 of Language Development
- Birth to 6 months
- Attend to social partners
- Receptive to interpersonal interactions
- Maintain attention when engaged with other people
Phase 2 of Language Development
- 6 months to 1 year
- Engage in joint attention (child and adult attention on same thing)
- Perform object-focused activities
- Attempt to communicate with other people
Phase 3 of Language Development
- 1 year and beyond
- Use language to communicate intentionally with other people
What is Habituation?
You are no longer interested in something because you have become used to it.
When is a true impertitive formed?
How many new words are developed per day? 18 mo- 6 years
How many words at 24 months?
How many words at 30 months?
By age 6 how many words are comprehended?
In what stage would a child: Increased use of personal pronouns and demonstrative pronouns, Starting to use some quantifiers, Common adjectives in use common adjectives in use
What stage includes elaboration of phrases and clauses
In which stage does child begin to use past tense modals, use contractions in negation,
By stage 5, how many of the GM are mastered?
how listeners interpret speech acts
intention expressed by the speaker
meanings of utterances
4 forms of preverbal communicative behaviors
control bx of others
establish and maintain social interaction
express emotion attitude and interest
explore and categorize
use language to play
pretty baby is what semantic relation?
- Adjective + noun
this car is what type of semantic relation
- demonstrative + entity
No bed is what type of semantic relationship
- Negation + entity
more swing is what type of semantic relationship
my baby is what type of semantic relationship?
- Posessor + posession
sit bench is which type of semantic relationship
- action + locative
Mommy go is what type of semantic relationship
- agent action
- noun/pronoun + verb
hit ball is what type of semantic relationship
- verb + noun/pronoun
daddy ball is what type of semantic relationship
- noun/pronoun + noun/pronoun
When does MLU start?
Brown Stage 2
First grammatical morpheme
2/3 grammatical morpheme
in and on
4th grammatical morpheme
Is furniture basic, subordinate, or superordinate?
Is table subordinate, or superordinate?
is coffee table subordinate, or superordinate?
4 early foundations for language development
- joint reference and attention
- daily routines
- infant directed speech
- caregiver responsiveness
What does caregiver responsiveness include?
- Encourage turn taking
- Use questions and labels
- Be face to face
- Join in and play
- Follow child's lead
- Wait and listen