Language Development

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Author:
rlwesley
ID:
209035
Filename:
Language Development
Updated:
2013-03-25 22:23:31
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Exam #2
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  1. When can a child turn to or localize sound?
    1-2 months
  2. Would a child learn the word car or table first?
    car
  3. If the basic noun is chair.

    What would a subordinate and superordinate example be?
    subordinate-  recliner chair

    superordinate- furniture
  4. Reflexive Vocalizations
    • Birth- 2 months
    • Sounds of discomfort and distress
    • Vegetative (occur during feeding)
  5. Control of Phonation Vocalization
    • 1.5-4 months
    • Cooing and gooing (vowels and nasalized sounds)
  6. Expansion vocalizations
    • 4-6 months
    • Gain control, raspberries, clicks, pops
  7. Control of Articulation Vocalizations
    • 5-8 months
    • Short strings of consonant and vowel sounds
    • Experimentation with sounds and loudness (squealing)
  8. Babbling Vocalization
    • 6-10 months
    • CV sequences (canonical sounds)
    • Reduplicated, variegated
  9. Advanced Form Vocalizations
    • Diphthongs, CVC forms, VCV forms
    • Jargon (sounds like conversation, has stress and intonation)
  10. What are the attributes of Child Directed Speech
    • Higher than normal overall pitch
    • More frequent use of pitch extremes
    • More regular rhythm
    • Reference to objects in here and now
    • Long pauses between segments
    • Slowed rate
    • Shorter utterances
    • Exaggerated facial expressions
    • Sentences syntactically simple
    • More repetitions
    • Greater loudness variation
    • COMPLETE sentences and GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT
  11. Phase 1 of Language Development
    • Birth to 6 months
    • Attend to social partners
    • Receptive to interpersonal interactions
    • Maintain attention when engaged with other people
  12. Phase 2 of Language Development
    • 6 months to 1 year
    • Engage in joint attention (child and adult attention on same thing)
    • Perform object-focused activities
    • Attempt to communicate with other people
  13. Phase 3 of Language Development
    • 1 year and beyond
    • Use language to communicate intentionally with other people
  14. What is Habituation?
    You are no longer interested in something because you have become used to it.
  15. When is a true impertitive formed?
    31 months
  16. How many new words are developed per day? 18 mo- 6 years
    9
  17. How many words at 24 months?
    200-300
  18. How many words at 30 months?
    400
  19. By age 6 how many words are comprehended?
    14000
  20. In what stage would a child: Increased use of personal pronouns and demonstrative pronouns, Starting to use some quantifiers,  Common adjectives in use common adjectives in use
    Stage 3
  21. What stage includes elaboration of phrases and clauses
    Stage 4
  22. In which stage does child begin to use past tense modals, use contractions in negation,
    4
  23. By stage 5, how many of the GM are mastered?
    9
  24. Perlocutions
    how listeners interpret speech acts
  25. Illocutions
    intention expressed by the speaker
  26. Locutions
    meanings of utterances
  27. 4 forms of preverbal communicative behaviors
    • gestures
    • point/request
    • vocalizations
    • vocables
  28. regulatory
    control bx of others
  29. instrumental
    wants/needs
  30. interactional
    establish and maintain social interaction
  31. personal
    express emotion attitude and interest
  32. heuristic
    explore and categorize
  33. imagine
    use language to play
  34. inform
    share knowledge
  35. pretty baby is what semantic relation?
    • Attribution
    • Adjective + noun
  36. this car is what type of semantic relation
    • Existence 
    • demonstrative + entity
  37. No bed is what type of semantic relationship
    • Negation
    • Negation + entity
  38. more swing is what type of semantic relationship
    • recurrence
    • More + entity
  39. my baby is what type of semantic relationship?
    • Posession
    • Posessor + posession
  40. sit bench is which type of semantic relationship
    • Locative
    • action + locative
  41. Mommy go is what type of semantic relationship
    • agent action
    • noun/pronoun + verb
  42. hit ball is what type of semantic relationship
    • Agent-object
    • verb + noun/pronoun
  43. daddy ball is what type of semantic relationship
    • agent-object
    • noun/pronoun + noun/pronoun
  44. When does MLU start?
    Brown Stage 2
  45. First grammatical morpheme
    ing
  46. 2/3 grammatical morpheme
    in and on
  47. 4th grammatical morpheme
    plural s
  48. Is furniture basic, subordinate, or superordinate?
    superordinate
  49. Is table subordinate, or superordinate?
    basic
  50. is coffee table subordinate, or superordinate?
    subordiante
  51. 4 early foundations for language development
    • joint reference and attention
    • daily routines
    • infant directed speech
    • caregiver responsiveness
  52. What does caregiver responsiveness include?
    • Extend
    • Encourage turn taking
    • Use questions and labels
    • Be face to face
    • Join in and play
    • Follow child's lead
    • Wait and listen

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