Lang./Lit. Poetry Terms

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hdong135
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209048
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Lang./Lit. Poetry Terms
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2013-03-23 16:37:51
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Lang./Lit. Poetry Terms
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  1. literature written in lines and stanzas
    poetry
  2. literature written in sentences and paragraphs
    prose
  3. the voice or "persona" that talks to the reader (can be the poet or a fictional characters, speaking usually in either first person or third person point of view)
    speaker
  4. a group of lines that form a unit
    stanza
  5. 2-line stanza
    couplet
  6. 3-line stanza
    tercet
  7. 4-line stanza
    quatrain
  8. 5-line stanza
    cinquain
  9. 6-line stanza
    sestet
  10. 7-line stanza
    heptastich
  11. 8-line stanza
    octave
  12. the underlying subject or message of a poem
    theme
  13. a feeling created by the poem
    mood
  14. something unexpected or twisted
    irony
  15. unexpected turn of events
    situational irony
  16. when the reader knows, but the character doesn't
    dramatic irony
  17. words which suggest the opposite of the literal meaning
    verbal irony
  18. the writer's choice of words - usually refers to specific word choices
    diction
  19. words with emotional feeling
    connotation
  20. a type of poetry (determined by number or length of lines, presence or absence of rhyme, number of syllables per line, shape on the page, sbject, etc.)
    form
  21. poetry in which one or more characters speak
    dramatic poetry
  22. one character speaking aloud
    dramatic monologue
  23. two+ characters speaking
    dramatic dialogue
  24. un-rhymed verse with no rhythm pattern
    free verse
  25. poetry in which the speaker expresses inner thoughts about a subject
    lyric poetry
  26. 14-line poem with a specific rhyme scheme - lyric poetry
    sonnet
  27. poem expressing admiration or praise for someone or something - lyric poetry
    ode
  28. poetry which tells a story with a clear plotline
    narrative poetry
  29. song-like story poem, often passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth and telling a tragic story - narrative poetry
    ballad
  30. a humorous poem which changes words but copies many elements from another poem
    parody
  31. any technique which affects how a poem sounds
    sound device
  32. a repeating consonant sound (not necessarily the same letter) at the beginning of nearby syllables
    alliteration
  33. repetition of a vowel sound (not necessarily the same letter)
    assonance
  34. a word which imitates a sound from the natural world
    onomatopoeia
  35. repetition of consonant sounds (with different vowels) at the end of words or at both ends (sound counts, not spelling)
    consonance
  36. non-standard spelling or grammar used to suggest a speaker from a specific place or group
    dialect
  37. the technique of beginning different phrases or lines, or sentences with the same word(s) but ending them differently
    parallelism
  38. humorous use of words based on the way they sound
    pun
  39. one or more lines repeated at the end of different stanzas or between stanzas
    refrain
  40. a refrain is sometimes called this in songs
    chorus
  41. using the same word or group of words more than once for emphasis or rhythm
    repetition
  42. repetition of the final sounds of words or syllables
    rhyme
  43. rhyme at the end of lines of poetry
    end rhyme
  44. final stressed syllables rhyme, such as "home and dome"
    masculine
  45. ends in unstressed syllables that rhyme, like "wearing" and "caring"
    feminine
  46. rhyme within a single line of poetry
    internal rhyme
  47. similar sound without exact rhyme (also called slant or near rhyme)
    approximate
  48. the pattern of a poem's rhyme as charted with alphabet letters
    rhyme scheme
  49. using language to express ideas outside of reality
    figurative language
  50. indirect reference to previous literary work
    allusion
  51. when the speaker addresses someone or something that cannot hear or speak
    apostrophe
  52. the creation of pictures, smells, sounds, feels, etc., in the reader's mind
    imagery
  53. a comparison that suggests one thing is another
    metaphor
  54. continues a comparison that suggests one thing is another
    extended metaphor
  55. a combination of opposite ideas to create a paradoxical truth
    oxymoron
  56. a technique which adds life to inanimate objects by suggesting human characteristics
    personification
  57. a comparison usingĀ like orĀ as
    simile
  58. a concrete (physical) object which represents some abstract idea
    symbol
  59. the rhythmic pattern of syllables
    meter/rhythm
  60. one stress per line
    monometer
  61. two stresses per line
    dimeter
  62. three stress per line
    trimeter
  63. four stresses per line
    tetrameter
  64. five stresses per line
    pentameter
  65. six stresses per line
    hexameter
  66. seven stresses per line
    heptameter
  67. a grouping of syllables that contains only one stressed syllable
    foot
  68. one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
    iamb (or iambic foot)
  69. one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed syllable
    trochee (or trochaic foot)
  70. two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable
    anapest (or anapestic foot)
  71. one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
    dactyl (or dactylic foot)
  72. non-rhyming iambic pentameter (widely used in the Elizabethan Era)
    blank verse

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