Oral Diabetic Agents

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
209052
Filename:
Oral Diabetic Agents
Updated:
2013-03-23 16:46:37
Tags:
boston college pharmacology endocrine
Folders:

Description:
antidiabetic name recognition and key points
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Glipizide
    Sulfonylurea
  2. glyburide
    sulfonylurea
  3. glimepiride
    sulfonylurea
  4. glucotrol
    sulfonylurea
  5. micronase
    sulfonylurea
  6. amaryl
    sulfonylurea
  7. reaglinide
    meglitinide
  8. nateglinide
    meglitinide
  9. Prandin
    meglitinide
  10. Starlix
    meglitinide
  11. metformin
    biguanide
  12. glucophage
    biguanide
  13. fortamet
    biguanide (decreased GI effects, not covered by insurance)
  14. glumetza
    biguanide (newer with less GI effects, not covered by insurance)
  15. pioglitazone
    thiazolidinedione
  16. actos
    thiazolidinedione
  17. rosiglitazone
    thiazolidinedione
  18. Avandia
    thiazolidinedione
  19. Acarbose
    alpha-glucosidase inhibitor
  20. Miglitol
    alpha-glucosidase inhibitor
  21. Glyset
    alpha-glucosidase inhibitor
  22. Precose
    alpha-glucosidase inhibitor
  23. sitagliptin
    Incretin hormone
  24. saxigliptin
    Incretin hormone
  25. Januvia
    Incretin hormone
  26. Onglyza
    Incretin hormone
  27. pramlintide
    • amylin and incretin mimetic (expensive, injectible)
    • GLP-1 agonist
  28. Symlin
    • amylin and incretin mimetic (expensive, injectible)
    • GLP-1 agonist
  29. exenatide
    • amylin and incretin mimetic (expensive, injectible)
    • GLP-1 agonist
  30. byetta
    • amylin and incretin mimetic (expensive, injectible)
    • GLP-1 agonist
  31. liraglutide
    • amylin and incretin mimetic (expensive, injectible)
    • GLP-1 agonist
  32. Victoza
    • amylin and incretin mimetic (expensive, injectible)
    • GLP-1 agonist
  33. Are sulfonylureas expensive?
    No
  34. Do sulfonylureas lower aic well?
    yes, 1-2% decrease
  35. When do you give a meglitinide?
    30 minutes before a meal (poor compliance)
  36. What happens with lopid + prandin?
    hypoglycemia
  37. Is metformin expensive?
    No
  38. Riomet
    biguanide (liquid, expensive)
  39. Do not give this to pts with renal insufficiency, CHF, or IV contrast dye, dehydration, liver disease, or ETOH
    biguanide (metformin)
  40. can cause lactic acidosis by inhibiting mitochondrial oxidation of lactic acid
    metformin
  41. decreases insulin resistance
    tzd/glitazones
  42. causes edema (puffiness, fluid/weight gain)
    tzd/glitazones
  43. has a black box warning for MI risk
    tzd/glitazones
  44. these drugs inhibit CHO digestion and absorption
    alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  45. extremely bad GI symptoms with use, very poorly tolerated
    alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  46. can lead to reversible liver dysfunction
    alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (AGI)
  47. this antidiabetic stimulates insulin release and blocks DPP4 (suppressing glucagon release by liver)
    incretin hormones
  48. Are incretin hormones expensive?
    Yes
  49. Can you give incretin hormones in renal failure?
    yes, but have to decrease dose
  50. Which type causes an increased bone fracture risk?
    TZD (glitazones)
  51. This type can cause pancreatitis
    GLP-1 (incretin mimetics)
  52. Cannot be given in pts with heart failure grade III
    TZD (glitazones)
  53. Which antidiabetic takes 1-2 months to work?
    TZD (glitazones)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview