Spanish rules

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Spanish rules
2010-05-26 22:49:54

rules for spanish exam
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  1. Present Tense Examples
    ahora now

    siempre- always
  2. Preterite Tense Examples
    • ayer-yesterday
    • anteayer- day before yesterday
    • el(la)_ pasado(a)- past _____
    • anoche-last night
    • de repente- suddenly
    • el(la)____siguiente- next, following
  3. Imperfect Tense Examples
    • mientras- while (non-specific time)
  4. Preterite Tense Vocabulary
    • Decir- to say Mostar- to show Poder- to be able Tener- to have Estar- to be Andar- to walk
    • dije muestra pude tuve estuve anduve
    • dijiste muestrastre pudiste tuviste estuviste anduviste
    • dijo muestro pudo tuvo estuvo anduvo
    • dejimos mostramos pudimos tuvimos estuvimos anduvimos
    • dejisteis mostrais pudisteis tuvisteis estuvisteis anduvisteis
    • dijeron muestraron pudieron tuvieron estuvieron anduvieron

    • Almorzar- to eat lunch Ver- to see Jugar- to play Competir- to compete Servir- to serve Oir- to hear almorce vi jugue compite' sierve oi'
    • almorzaste viste jugaste compitiste sierviste oi'ste
    • almorzo vio jugo' compito siervo oyo'
    • almorzamos vimos jugamos competimos servimos oi'mos
    • almorzais visteis jugais competeis servisteis oi'steis
    • almorzaron vieron jugaron competieron sievieron oyeron
  5. Present Tense Vocab
    • Pedir- to lose Romper- to break
    • pido rompo
    • pides rompes
    • pide rompe
    • pedimos rompemos
    • pedi's rompeis
    • piden rompen
  6. Ordinal Numbers
    • -placed before the noun and agree in fender and number
    • -primero and tecero (drop the o in front of singular and masculine)

    • primero-1st
    • segundo-2nd
    • tecero-3rd
    • cuarto-4th
    • quinto-5th
    • sexto-6th
    • septimo-7th
    • octavo-8th
    • noveno-9th
    • decimo-10th
  7. Commands (Affirmative Tu')
    • =usted, el, ella (present tense)
    • Irregular Affirmative Tu' Commands
    • Ir- Ve
    • Decir- Di
    • Poner-Pon
    • Salir-Sal
    • Tener- Ten
    • Venir-Ven
    • Hacer- Haz
    • Saber- Se'
  8. Negative Tu' Commands
    Affirmative Tu' Commands
    Negative Usted and ustedes Commands
    - go to yo, drop the o, add oppo., and appropriate ending
  9. Pronouns: Direct Object, Indirect Objects, and Reflexive
    • - precede a conjugated verb
    • -may follow or be attatched to infinitices and present participle
    • -precede negative command
    • -must follow and be attatched to affirmative command
  10. Transitional Words
    • aungue- even though
    • por fin- finally
    • mientras- while
    • todavia-still, yet
    • siguiente- next, following
    • cuando- when
    • en seguida- at once
  11. Long Form Possessive Noun
    • *long form possessive adjective follow the noun and agree in gender and number
    • >replace noun:
    • -Mio(a)
    • -Tuyo(a)
    • -Suyo(a)
    • -Nuestro(a)
    • -Vuestro(a)
    • -Suyo(a)
  12. Direct Object Pronouns
    • -change the le or les to se when used with lo, la, los, las
    • DO IO
    • me me
    • te te
    • lo/la le
    • nos nos
    • os os
    • los/las les
  13. Demonstrative Adjective
    • Este group: This Ese group: That Aquel group: That (over there)
    • este (singular masculine) ese (singular masculine) aquel (singular masculine)
    • esta (singular feminine) esa (singular feminine) aquella (singular feminine)
    • estos (plural masculine) esos (plural masculine) aquellos (plural masculine)
    • estas (plural feminine) esas (plural feminine) aquellas (plural feminine)
  14. Words like GUSTAR-to like
    • molestar - to bother
    • interesar- to interest
    • faltar- to lack
  15. Confusing Verbs
    • pedir (i,i)- to ask for, to order
    • perder (ie)- to lose
    • poner- to put
    • poder- to be able, can