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Signs and Symptoms of pnemonthorax
trauma to the chest
Chest pain inspiration
Hyperinflation of the chest
Diminished breath sounds on affected side
Signs and Symptoms of Open Pneumothorax
Penetrating chest trauma- Wounds approximates 2/3 of the tracheal diameter
Sucking chest wound
Frothy blood at wound site
Buildup of air under pressure within the thorax.
Resulting compression of the lung severly reduces the effictivness of the respirations
Can Be open or closed.
Blood in the pleural space
Each lung can hold 2000-3000 CC of blood
Coughing up blood that originates in the respiratory tract
signs and symptoms of Pulmonary contusion
Blunt or penetrating chest trauma
Increasing crackles Diminishing breath sounds
S/S of shock
Blood or other fluid fills the paricardial sac.
Reducing cardiac filling.
S/S Becks traid
Increased central venous pressure (distended Neck/arm veins in presence of decreased arterial BP
Decreased heart sounds
Signs and Symptoms of Cardiac contusion
Blunt injury to chest
Brusing of chest wall
Rapid heart rate- may be irregular
Severe nagging pain not relieved by with rest but may be relieved by oxygen
Solid abdominal oragans
Hollow abdminal organs
Three specific spaces
Peritoneal- Organs covered by abdominal lining
Retroperitneal space- Organs posterior to the peritoneal lining
Pelvic space- Organs contained within pelvis
Lethal 6 thoracic trauma
Open pneumothorax Flail chest
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