Developmental Psychology

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Developmental Psychology
2010-05-27 00:36:16
Play years Biosocial Development

Chapter 8
Show Answers:

  1. Piaget's "The Preoperational Stage"
    • 1. Sensorimotor:birth to age 2 learns object permanence, or that objects exist even when they are no longer in view
    • 2. Preopertional:2-7 symbolic thinking, difficulty taking viewpoints of others, errors in logic
    • 3. Concrete:7-11 appropriate use of logic; conservation, cannot think abstractly
    • 4. Formal:after age 11 can think abstractly, reason logically and draw conclusions
  2. For children around of the world, growth depends on
    • Gender Background
    • Ethnicity: Tallest: African American, European, Asian, Latin
    • Birth Order: placement of birth order
    • Sometimes gender: in some cultures male baby is favored
    • Nutrition
    • Protein: Sustains their energy
    • Health Care: Take child to routine checkups, make sure the baby gets all their shots
  3. The brain: still part of the body thats developing most quickly
    • at 2 yrs old: 75% of adult size, brain growth: weight thru myelination & dendritic Field
    • at 5 yrs old: 90% of adult size
    • at 7 yrs old: almost 100% of adult size
    • Continues the process of myelination thru food and stimulation
    • Makes connection between the hemispheres and starts laterization (specialization)
  4. The brain: Left Hemisphere
    the orientated, organized, symbolic, analytical, right specialized of the body
  5. The brain: Right hemisphere
    holistic thinking, creative, imaginative, non-rational, artistic, left specialized of the body
  6. The brain: Corpus Callosum
    The path of communication between the 2 cerbal hemispheres controlling cognitive and motor functions
  7. The brain: Dyslexia
    Run in families, 4 times more likely in male babies, flipping/misusing common/similar things ie: b d doy --> boy
  8. The brain: dyscalcula
    specific learning disability or difficulty involving innate difficulty in learning or comprehending mathematics. Its akin to dyslexia and can include confusion about math symbols
  9. Male & Female
    • Xy male
    • XX female
  10. Learning Disability
    female can carry it but not have it male is more likely to have it. female can pass it to male bc she carries that gene even though its not active in her