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  1. Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis
    • a.      Viennese, doctor: Sigmund Freud, put forth a series of theories that undermined optimism about the rational nature of the human mind
    •                                                               i.      Freud’s thought, like the new physics and irrationalism of Nietzche, added to the uncertainties of the age
    • 1.      His major ideas were published in The Interpretation of Dreams, which contained the basic foundation of what came to be known as psychoanalysis
  2. Role of the Unconscious
    •                                                               i.      Human behavior strongly determined by the unconscious, by earlier experiences and inner forces of which people were largely oblivious
    • 1.      Hypnosis and dreams with elaborate code
  3. a.      Why were some things unconscious?             
                                                                  i.      According to Freud, the answer was repression, a process by which unsettling experiences were blotted from conscious awareness but still continued to influence behavior because they had become part of the unconscious
  4. Theory: Id
    • a.      Created intricate theory of the inner life of human beings
    •                                                               i.      Id: center of unconscious drives and was ruled by pleasure principle
    • 1.      Creatures of desire: human beings directed their energy toward pleasure and away from pain
    • a.      Id contained all kinds of lustful drives and desires and crude appetites and impulses
  5. Theory: Ego
    •                                                               i.      Ego: seat of reason and coordinator of the inner life
    • 1.      Governed by the reality principle
    • a.      Although humans were dominated by pleasure principle, a true pursuit of pleasure was not feasible
    • b.      Meant that people rejected pleasure so they could live together
  6. Theory: Superego
    •                                                               i.      go: conscience and represented inhibitions and moral values that society iin general and parents implsed on people
    • 1.      Force the ego to curb the id 
  7. Ego and superego
    • a.      Ego and superego represented restraining influences on unconscious id and repressed what they wanted to
    •                                                               i.      Mostly repressed was sex
    • 1.      Infantile sexual drives= Oedipus complex
  8. Repression
    a.      Repression began in childhood and psychoanalysis was accomplished through a dialogue between psychotherapist and patient in which the therapist probed deeply into memory in order to retrace the chain of repression all the way back to childhood origins

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2013-03-24 16:40:30
HON 122

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