24.1.5

Card Set Information

Author:
DesLee26
ID:
209212
Filename:
24.1.5
Updated:
2013-03-24 12:50:45
Tags:
HON 122
Folders:

Description:
HQII
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user DesLee26 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. I.                   The Attack on Christianity
    • a.      The growth of scientific thinking as well as the forces of modernization presented new challenges to the Christian churches
    •                                                               i.      Industrializaiton and urbanization had adverse effect on religious institutions
    • 1.      Mass migration of people from country to city meant change from close-knit ties  where church was key force to urban partterns of social life that excluded the church, which couldn’t control workers
  2. Political movements
    • a.      Political movements of the late 19th were hostile to churches (Xian)
    •                                                               i.      Beginning during 19th century Enlightenment and well into the 19th, European governments, especially in predominantly Catholic countries, imposed controls over church courts, religious orders, and appointments of the clergy
    • 1.      But after failure of the revolutions of 1848, governments were eager to use the church’s aid in reestablishing order and relaxed these controls
  3. Close Union
    •                                                               i.      Eventually, the close union of state authorities with established churches produced anticlericalism
    • 1.      Ex: French republican government substituted civic training for religious instruction in order to undermine the Catholic Church’s control of education 
  4. 1901
    • a.      1901: Catholic teaching orders were outlawed, and four years later, in 1905, church and state were completely separated
    • b.      Scinece a threat to Christian churches and religion
    •                                                               i.      Darwin’s theory of evolution contradicted divine creation
    • 1.      By seeking to suppress Darwin’s books and forbid the teaching of the evolutionary hypothesis, the churches caused even more educated people to reject established religions
  5. Science a threat
    • a.      Science a threat to Christian churches and religion
    •                                                               i.      Darwin’s theory of evolution contradicted divine creation
    • 1.      By seeking to suppress Darwin’s books and forbid the teaching of the evolutionary hypothesis, the churches caused even more educated people to reject established religions
  6. Scientific spirit
    •                                                               i.      Scientific spirit encouraged biblical scholars to apply critical principles to the Bible, leading to higher criticisim
    • 1.      Ernst Renan: French Catholic scholar who wrote Life of Jesus, wwhere he questioned the historical accuracy of the Bible and viewed Jesus as human whose value was through his life and teaching
  7. Responses to the Church
    •                                                               i.      One: outright rejection of modern ideas/ forces
    • 1.      Protestant fundamentalist sects were important in maintaining a literal interpretation of the Bible
    • a.      The Catholic Church under Pope Pius IX took stand against modern ideas
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      1864: he issued Syllabus of Errors where he condemned nationalism, socialism, religious toleration, and freedom of speech and press
  8. Other responses
    •                                                               i.      Other response: Modernism= included attempt by the churches to reinterpret Christianity in light of new developments
    • 1.      Viewed Bible as book of useful moral ideas, encouraged Christinas to become involved in social reforms, and insisted that the churches must provide a greater sense of community
    • a.      Catholic church condemned it in 1907 and it went underground by WWI
  9. Other: Leo XIII
    •                                                               i.      Other: compromise, approach evident under Leo XIII
    • 1.      Permitted teaching of evolution as hypothesis in Catholic schools and responded to challenges of modernization in economic and social spheres
  10. De Rerum Novarum
    • a.      In his De Rerum Novarum, he upheld the person’s right to private property but criticized naked capitalism for poverty and degradation in which it had left the working classes
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Much in socialism was Christian in rinciple, but he condemned Marxist soiclaism for its materialist and antireligious foundations
    • 1.      Pope recommended that Catholics form socialist parties and labor unions of their own to help workers
  11. Others made effort
    •                                                               i.      Others made effort to win support for Christianity among the working-class poor and restore religious practice among the urban working classes
    • 1.      Sects of evangelical missionaries were successful
    • a.      Salvation Army by William Booth

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview