Medterms 2b (Respiratory System)

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atjaeger
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209232
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Medterms 2b (Respiratory System)
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2013-03-24 14:57:09
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respiratory system
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respiratory system
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  1. pulmonology
    study of the lung
  2. thoracocentesis
    puncture of chest for aspiration
  3. nasosinusitis
    inflammation of nose and sinus
  4. hypoxemia
    condition of deficient blood oxygen
  5. pleuritis
    inflammation of the pleura
  6. hypercarbia
    condition of excessive carbon dioxide
  7. alveolar
    pertaining to alveolus (air sac)
  8. tracheotomy
    incision of the trachea
  9. oronasal
    pertaining to the mouth and nose
  10. rhinorrhea
    discharge from the nose
  11. thoracostomy
    creation of opening in the chest
  12. tonsillectomy
    excision or removal of tonsil
  13. tracheobronchitis
    inflammation of the trachea (windpipe) and bronchus (airway)
  14. bronchospasm
    involuntary contraction of the bronchus
  15. laryngostenosis
    condition of increased narrowing of the larynx (voice box)
  16. spirogram
    record of breathing
  17. lobectomy
    excision or removal of lobe (or portion)
  18. peripleural
    pertaining to around pleura
  19. stethoscope
    instrument for examining chest
  20. pneumonic
    pertaining to air or lungs
  21. nasopharyngoscopy
    process of examining nose and pharynx (throat)
  22. bronchiolectasis
    expansion or dilation of bronchiole (little airway)
  23. phrenoptosis
    falling or downward displacement of diaphragm
  24. pectoral
    pertaining to chest
  25. uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
    surgical repair or reconstruction of uvula (grape), palate, and throat
  26. pneumoconiosis
    lung condition caused by prolonged dust inhalation
  27. bronchiectasis
    dilation of bronchus
  28. thoracoplasty
    surgical repair of chest
  29. pneumonitis
    inflammation of lung
  30. spirometry
    process of measuring breathing
  31. hypoventilation
    deficient movement of air in and out of lungs
  32. eupnea
    normal breathing
  33. bradypnea
    slow breathing
  34. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  35. orthopnea
    inability to breathe except in upright position
  36. apnea
    inability to breathe
  37. tachypnea
    fast breathing
  38. rhin/o
    nose
  39. pneum/o
    air or lung
  40. pharyng/o
    throat
  41. thorac/o
    chest
  42. laryng/o
    voice box
  43. spir/o
    breathing
  44. phren/o
    diaphragm
  45. or/o
    mouth
  46. pneumothorax
    air in pleural space
  47. empyema, pyothorax
    pus in pleural space
  48. hemothorax
    blood in pleural space
  49. auscultation
    listening to sounds within body
  50. bronchoscope
    endoscope used to examine airways
  51. expectoration
    coughing up and spitting out material from lungs
  52. pleurisy, pleuritis
    inflammation of pleura
  53. percussion
    to elicit sounds or vibrations by tapping
  54. thoracentesis, thoracocentesis
    puncture chest for aspiration
  55. dysphonia
    hoarseness
  56. laryngitis
    inflammation of voice box
  57. hypoxia
    deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells
  58. emphysema
    • disease characterized by over-expansion of alveoli with air, with destructive changes in their walls resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange
    • epistaxis
    • nosebleed
  59. bronchogenic carcinoma
    cancer origination in bronchus
  60. cystic fibrosis
    inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction that causes mucus to obstruct the airways
  61. atelectasis
    collapse of lung
  62. sputum
    material expelled from lungs by coughing
  63. stridor
    high-pitched crowing sound that is sign of obstruction in upper airway
  64. pulmonary embolism
    blood clot in lungs
  65. asthma
    disease characterized by paroxysmal wheezing, dyspnea, and cough
  66. hyperventilation
    excessive movement of air in and out of lungs
  67. pneumocystis pneumonia
    common lung infection seen in those with HIV
  68. COPD
    disorder that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  69. peak expiratory flow rate
    PEFR
  70. vital capacity
    VC
  71. tuberculosis
    TB
  72. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    CPR
  73. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    COPD
  74. partial pressure of carbon dioxide
    PaCO2
  75. upper respiratory infection
    URI
  76. tidal volume
    Vt
  77. pulmonary function testing
    PFT
  78. polysomnography
    PSG
  79. continuous positive airway pressure
    CPAP
  80. crackles
    rales
  81. wheezes
    ronchi
  82. pleurisy
    pleuritis
  83. pneumoconiosis
    asbestosis
  84. empyema
    pyothorax
  85. hemothorax
    thoracentesis
  86. stetho
    thoraco
  87. sleep apnea
    CPAP
  88. hypocapnia
    hypoventilation
  89. rhino
    naso
  90. hypercapnia
    hyperventilation
  91. croup
    LTB (laryngotracheobronchitis)
  92. chest x-ray
    CXR
  93. analysis of blood to determine adequacy of lung function in exchange of gases
    ABGs
  94. surgical removal of tonsils and adenoids
    T & A
  95. auscultation
    listening to sounds within body
  96. ronchi
    narrowed airway, occurring in asthma or emphysema
  97. hemoptysis
    coughing up and spitting out blood originating in lungs
  98. bronchodilator
    drug that dilates muscular walls of bronchi
  99. orthopnea/orthopneic
    inability to breathe except in upright position
  100. pleura/pleural
    membranes enclosing the lung (visceral pleura) and lining thoracic cavity (parietal pleura)
  101. hypoxia/hypoxic
    deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells
  102. dyspnea/dyspneic
    difficulty breathing
  103. pharynx/pharyngeal
    throat
  104. apnea/apneic
    inability to breathe
  105. trachea/tracheal
    windpipe
  106. asthma/asthmatic
    disease characterized by paroxysmal wheezing, dyspnea and cough

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