English_tense

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Author:
snoopy2006
ID:
209301
Filename:
English_tense
Updated:
2013-04-02 02:20:16
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English tense
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English_Tense
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  1. FUTURE THING - intended to do, but didn't or won't NOW do in the future 
    1. past perfect or past simple (and often past continuous & past perfect continuous)

    @ I had hoped to visit the gallery before I left Florence, but it is closed on Sundays

    @ Bill planned to retire at 60, but we have persuaded him to stay for a few more years.
  2. FUTURE THING - PRESENT or PAST continuous tense
    1.  past con implies less definite 

    @ I was thinking of going down to London next weekend,but it depends how much money I've got (Less definite than I'm thinking of going)
  3. REPEATED PAST ACTION

    1. use simple past instead past continuous
    @ we went to Spain three times last year

    1. However, if it emphasize repeated actions for a LIMITED and temporary period = continuous

    @ When Carlo was in hospital, we were visiting him twice a day
  4. TWO or more PAST completed events that followed one another 

    1. usage
    1. use past tense for both

    @ she got up when the alarm clock went off
  5. In NEWS reports

    1. usage
    • 1. present perfect = to introduce the news
    • 2. past or other tense = to give details
  6. ÉVER SINCE

    1. usage
    • 1. use PRESENT PERFECT = in main clause
    • 2. use PAST = time clause

    @ Since Peter became president, both taxes and unemployment have increased

    @ She hasn't been able to play tennis ever since she broke her arm

    3. use both PRESENT PERFECT tense in both time & main clause if two effect extend till the present
  7. Simple for (present/past)
    1. talk about general situations, habits, and things that are or were always true

    @ My parent spend some time in Italy every year (habit)
  8. Will vs be going to
    1. for a future event that is based on our opinion or experience - WILL

    2. for a future event that is based on evident - be going to

    • @ Why not come over at the weekend? The children will enjoy seeing you again
    • @ The sky has gone really dark.  There is going to be a storm

    3. we make a decision at the moment of speaking - WILL

    4. future decision have already been made - be going to

    • @ I will pick him up at 8am (an offer making an arrangement now)
    • @ I am going to collect the children at 8am (previously arranged)
  9. this morning/week/month & today; after, when, until, as soon as, once,by the time, the minute/second/moment

    1. usage
    1. can either present perfect or past

    2. present perfect = imply future

    3. past tense = completed event
  10. Past perfect continuous vs past continuous
    1. past perfect continuous = to emphasize how long the activity went on

    @  When the merger was announced it became apparent that the two companies had been discussing the possibility since last year  VS

    @ A friend told me about a conversation she had recently overhead. Two women were discussing their holiday plan.... (don't care how long)
  11. PRESENT vs PAST TENSE
    @ I was late this morning - time pasted

    @ I have not seen him today - today is still on
  12. Shall - I
    Will - You, she, he, they, you

    but can use

    You shall have a son and you shall name him John, Angel said
    when giving an order, can use You shall
  13. It/This/That is/will be the first time

    1. tense to follow
    1. generally use the present perfect in the next clause

    @ That's the first time I've seen Jan look embarrassed (reporting a past event)

    @ It won't be the first time she has voted against the government in her long career (taking about a future event)

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