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2013-03-25 15:41:28
HON 122

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  1. I.                   Austria-Hungary: The Problem of the Nationalities    
    • a.      At the beginning of the 1890s, Austria-Hungary stilled troubled by nationalities
    •                                                               i.      Granting of universal male suffrage in 1907 served only to exacerbate the problem when nationalities that played no role in the government now agitated in the parliament for autonomy
  2. Prime ministers
    • 1.      Led prime ministers after 1900 to ignore the parliament and rely increasingly on imperial emergency decrees to govern
    • a.      Parliament= bizarre forum with people at desks
    • b.      Threats nationalities posed to the position of the dominant German minority in Austria also produced a backlash in the form of virulent German nationalism
  3. Austria industrialized
    • a.      As Austria industrialized in the 1870s and 1880s, two working class parties came into existence, both influenced by nationalism
    •                                                               i.      Social Democrats (Marxist) supported the Austrian government and feared autonomy of nationalities saying they’d hinder industrial development and prevent improvements for workers
    •                                                             ii.      Christina Socilaists combined agitation for workers with virlent anti-Semitism
  4. Ruling Magyars
    • a.      While subjugating their nationalities, the ruling Maygars in Hungary developed movement for complete separation from Austria
    •                                                               i.      1903: demanded that Hungarian army be separated from the imperial army, Emperor Francis Joseph responded quickly, threatening to impose universal male suffrage on Hungary, a move that would challenge Magyar domination of the minorities
  5. Hungarian leaders
    • 1.      Hungarian leaders fell into line, and the new Hungarian parliamentary leader, Count Istvan Tisza cooperated in maintain the Dual Monarchy
    • a.      Magyar rule in Hungary, he realized, was inextricably bound up with the Dual Monarchy; its death would only harm the rule of the Magyar landowning class