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Charles Darwin birth-death
- On the Origin: 1859
- Descent: 1871
Explain Darwin's The Descent of Man
- man is descended from some less highly organized form.You can't disagree that man is a separate act of creation; they share the same structures as that of, for example, a dog and the Quadrumana (primates with opposable digits; thumbs on all four feet)
- Even though each man varies with the next, they are all by the same general causes= inheritance, which is subject to a struggle for existence and natural selection, where only the strong variations survive.
- Considering embryological structures, he traces man back to the quadruped, which came from Quadrumana, who came from ancient marsupials from amphibians that came from aquatic animals whose brains and organs weren't developed.
- The mroal nature of man is different from lower animals because of their belief in God, which advanced morality and allowed reason. He uses his conscience to judge and has instincts from natural selection.
- He disregards the idea tha tbecause there is widespread belief in God, he must be real. In reality, that is false because it would mean that devils are real too.
- These ideas will be viewed as irreligious.
- Sexual selection played important part in the history of the organic world. Lower divisions of animal kingdon: it's done nothing, but in the higher, it causes competiotn between the sexes for the strongest partner and rivalry when males drive the rivals away.
- Darwin ends by stating that he would rather be descended from a heroic monkey than savage men (Fuegians) who delights to torture his enemies.
- Even though man has risen very high, a reminder of his lowly origins is in his frame.
Otto Von Bismarck was a what?
chancellor of Germany from 1871 to 1890
What did Bismarck combinne?
nationalism and conservatism
Who is the opponent of Bismarck?
Deputy von Vollmar
Who is the reluctant ally of Bismarck
Deputy Bamberger (foudner of the German Liberal party and economist)
- Vollmar is opposed to Bismarck's proposals. But Bamberger compres government to a cobbler who measures shoes. He agrees, saying the government is to serve the people. he then asks Bamberger to be his co-shoemaker in making usre that noone goes barefoot.
- Vollmar then objects to Bis' proposal and the Socialist Law, saying that they just want more support for it.
- Bismarck objection: there's a connection, but it isa serious effort for the betterment of hte fate of the workers should go hand in hand. If you don't want to improve the condition of the workers, you reject the Law
- Bismarck saysits bad to hinder the self-defense of the citizens and not offer them aid.
- he understands why the Social Democratic Leaders don't like this law: they need unhappy workers to rule; they need to oppose government so they don't lose control over the masses.
- Bismarck "IN NO WAY SUPPORTS AN ABSOLUTIST GOVERNMENT"
- He asks whether the state has the right to abandon their responsibility: protect worker with no sort of profit/ advantage
- the state's responsibility should be left to the voluntary formation of private stock companies
- Duty: care for helpless
- The gov. shouldn't take charge of things that individuals can do and fulfill
- The gov's duty is : transportaion, national defense, helping those distressed
- He says the word "free" is abused because by free, people mean dominance.
- He says German freedom was always accentuated
- He also asks peopel to stop referring to the proposal (third time) as a "socialist fad" (Bamberger said this)
Date of Speech Before the Reichstag: On the Law for Workers' Compensation