Nutrition 1020 Final Exam

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McKayla
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209487
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Nutrition 1020 Final Exam
Updated:
2013-04-11 18:35:15
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NUTR 1020 final exam
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NUTR 1020 : final exam
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  1. Numbers of double bonds in unsaturated & saturated fats
    0
  2. Characteristics of cholesterol
    • It is found in abundance in tropical fats such as palm oil
    • It is a precursor for bile and vitamin D synthesis
    • It is absorbed directly into the blood
    • It is not formed in the body when provided by the diet
  3. Characteristics of saturated fats
    • Solid at room temp; unlike cooking oil
    • Found mostly in animals; unhealthy
    • No double bonds between carbons
  4. Source of monounsaturated fats
    • Veggie oils
    • Nuts
    • Fruits
    • Seeds
    • Fish
  5. Source of omega-3 fatty acids
    • Salmon
    • Flax seeds
    • Walnuts
  6. Functions of fat
    Provide energy
  7. Protein components
    Amino acids
  8. Protein chemical make-up
    • Hydrogen 
    • Carbon
    • Nitrogen 
    • Oxygen 
    • Sulfur
  9. Number of amino acids in body
    20
  10. What an essential amino acid is
    Amino acids that cannot b synthesized by humans in sufficient amounts or at all & therefore must be included in the diet
  11. What a high-quality protein is
    Dietary proteins that contain ample amounts of all nine essential amino acids
  12. What a low-quality protein is
    Dietary proteins that are low in or lack one or more essential amino acids.
  13. Where excess protein per kilogram
  14. Types of vegetarians
    • Vegan
    • Fruitarian
    • Lactovergetarian
    • Lactoovovegetarian
  15. Definition of basal metabolism
    Minimal amount of calories the body uses to support itself in a fasting state when resting
  16. Components of total energy expenditure
    • Resting metabolic rate (RMR) or basal metabolic rate (BMR), which equals sleeping metabolic rate (SMR) and arousal.
    • The thermogenic effect of food.
    • Exercise, or daily physical activity and spontaneous physical activity (SPA).
  17. Formula for calculating BMI
    • body weight (in kilograms)
    •                                   
    • height(2) (in meters)
  18. Ways to determine body fat
    • Underwater weighing
    • Air displacement
    • Bio-electrical impedance
  19. Popular diets gain people by what type of statements
    Quackery
  20. Characteristics of a bad diet
    • Adequacy-enough of each type of food
    • Balance-not too much of any type of food
    • Calorie control-not too many or too few calories
    • Moderation-not too much fat, salt, or sugar
    • Variety-as many different foods as possible
  21. Ranges for determining obesity in men & women (fat %)
    • Men: 25%
    • Women: 35%
  22. Amount of calories a person has to lower to lose one pound of fat
    500 kcal per day
  23. % of protein that the RDA says a person should get from their diet
    10-35%
  24. How does vitamin C contributes to bone health
    Maintains healthy bone mass
  25. The mineral that gives hardness to teeth
    Calcium
  26. Problems caused by magnesium deficiency
    • Weakness
    • Muscle pain
    • Poor heart function
  27. Primary function of magnesium
    • Bone formation
    • Aids enzyme function
    • Aids nerve & heart function
  28. The vitamin that is considered both a vitamin & a hormone
    Vitamin C
  29. Problems with exceeding the UL of phosphorus
    Impairs bone health in people w/ Kidney failure
  30. Most nutrient dense calcium food source
    • Dairy products
    • Canned fish
    • Leafy veggies
    • Tofu
  31. Bone mass is depleted by what habits & substances
    Caffeine
  32. The age that bone loss begins in women
    30 & older
  33. Most prevalent nutrient deficiency in the world
    Iron
  34. The nutrient causes of pernicious anemia
    Vitamin B-12
  35. The substance that oxygen combines with Red Blood Cells
    Hemoglobin
  36. The folate form found in supplements & enriched cereals
    Folic Acid
  37. Some niacin is formed in the body from what compound
    Amino acid, Tryptophan
  38. Niacin prevents what disease
    Pellagra
  39. Nutrient dense food source for thiamin
    • Sunflower seeds
    • Pork
    • Whole grains
    • Dried beans
    • Peas
  40. The vitamin that helps blood clotting
    Vitamin K

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