AP Psychology unit 6

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AP Psychology unit 6
2013-03-26 21:31:35

unit 6
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  1. instinct Theory
    William McDougall; innate tendencies that determine behavior.
  2. Drive-Reduction theory
    have a drive that meets a specific need
  3. need
    biological or psychological requirement of organism
  4. drive
    a state of tension produced by a need that motivates an organism toward a goal
  5. Incentive Theory
    an external stimulus, reinforcer, or reward motivates behavior
  6. Dan Pink video
    Autonomy, Mastery, Purpose
  7. Autonomy
    urge to direct our own life
  8. Mastery
    Desire to get better and better at something that matters
  9. Purpose
    Yearning to do what we do because it matters
  10. Lateral Hypothalamus
    The part of the hypothalamus that produces hunger signals
  11. Ventromedial Hypothalamus
    the part of the hypothalamus that can cause one to stop eating
  12. Fundamenal needs(Maslow's hierarchy of Needs)
    • physiological needs: satisfy hunger, thirst
    • Safety needs: feel secure, safe, out of danger
  13. Psychological needs(Maslow's hierarchy of needs)
    • Belongingness & love needs: affillate w/ others
    • esteem needs: achieve, be competent, gain approval
  14. Self-Actualization Needs(Maslow's hierarchy of needs)
    the need to fulfill one's unique potential
  15. James-Lange theory
    Physiological response>conscious thought>expressive behavior ""i'm afraid because i'm shaking"
  16. Schacter Singer
    Physiological response<>Cognitive Label>Expressive Behaviors>Conscious Behavior "This thing is dangerous, and that makes me afraid"
  17. Common sense theory
    conscious thought>Physiological Response>Expresive Behavior "I'm shaking and i'm scared"
  18. Cannon-Bard
    Physiological response<>Conscious thought>Expressive Behaviors "I'm shaking an dfeeling afraid at the same time"
  19. Facial Feedback Theory
    Muscles in face move>brain interprets muscles movement>you feel an emotion>you demonstrate observable behavior
  20. Test reliability
    the ability of a test to give the same results under similar conditions
  21. test validity
    the ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
  22. Test-retest(measure of test reliability)
    taking the same test multiple times and getting the same score than it's reliabile
  23. interscorer(measure of test reliability)
    the score you receive depends more on the grader than you
  24. scorer(measure of test reliability)
    same teacher grades papers at different times may score same paper differently
  25. spilt-half(measure of test reliability)
    divide test into two parts and score each part separate then if the scores are the same then the test is reliabile
  26. predictability(measure of test validity)
    test what it's suppose to test
  27. percentile system
    ranking of test scores that indicates the ratio of scores lower and higher than a given score
  28. norms
    standard of comparison for test results developed by giving the test to large well defined groups of people
  29. Two-factor theory
    the ability to acquire new ideas and new behaviors; and to adapt to new situations
  30. Gardners multiple intelligences
    Body-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, linguistic/verbal, logical-mathmatical, musical, naturalist, spatial
  31. Body-Kinesthetic(Gardner multiple intell.)
    ability to control movement, balance, agility, grace
  32. interpersonal(Gardner multiple intell.)
    ability to interact and understand others and to interpret their behavior
  33. intrapersonal(Gardner multiple intell.)
    abilit to understand and sense our "self"
  34. Linguistic/Verbal(Gardner multiple intell.)
    ability to utilize language
  35. logical-mathematical(Gardner multiple intell.)
    ability to mentally process logical problems and equations
  36. musical(Gardner multiple intell.)
    ability to perform and compose music
  37. naturalist(Gardner multiple intel.)
    ability to identify and classify patterns in nature; how we relate to our surroundings
  38. spatial(Gardner multiple intell.)
    ability to comprehend shapes and images in three dimensions
  39. Sternbergs theory
    triarchic theory three part theory of intelligence
  40. analytical(Sternberg)
    (first way) ability to solve problems
  41. creative(Sternberg)
    (second way) thinkg to problems and ability to deal with new situations
  42. practical(Sternberg)
    (third way) thinking skills help adjust to and cope w/ one's environment
  43. Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
    groups tests into age groups to find
  44. Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale(whats wrong)
    cultural bias: wording familiar to one social group but not another
  45. TAT
    second widely used projective test. 20 cards w/ suggestive situations
  46. projective test
    an unstructured test in which a person is asked to respond freely, giving his own interpretation of various ambiguous stimuli
  47. Rorschach
    ten inkblot designs
  48. Myers-Briggs
    personality test four different
  49. Introversion/Extroversion(Myers briggs)
    • Introversion>>>Thinking
    • Extroversion>>>Action
  50. Sensing/Intuition(Myers briggs)
    • Sensing>>>thinking practically
    • Intuition>>>Thinking w/o knowing why
  51. Thinking/Feeling(Myers briggs)
    • Thinking>>>Logic and rules
    • Feeling>>>balance and harmony
  52. Judgment/Perception(Myers briggs)
    • Judgment>>>settled and organized
    • Perception>>>flexible and spontanious
  53. ID
    part of unconscious contains needs, drives, instincts, repressed material
  54. ego
    part of personality w/ reality and stives to meet demands of the id and superego
  55. superego
    part of personality source of conscience and inhaibits the socially undesirable impulses of id
  56. The big five
    Extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience, emotional stability
  57. extraversion(Big five)
    associated w/ warmth, talkiveness, energetic
  58. Agreeableness(Bigfive)
    how agreeable you are
  59. Conscientiousness(big five)
    how impathetic you are
  60. Openness to experience(Big five)
    how open to change
  61. Emotional Stability(Big five)
    how stable you are