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What is a Lab school
a school focused on the professional development of teachers and the development of pedagogy
Lab schools conceptualized as...
a special environment in which the joining of theory and practice can be explored. (ex. ISU-IL)
What were the earliest forms of lab schools?
Schools embedded in schools of education and were the earliest forms of professional development schools
Who compared the need for a teachers professional development laboratory to that of scientists and medical practioners
John Dewey 1896
Broad mission for all laboratory schools (originally)
1. research activities (experimentation) designed to improve teaching
2. Experiences for preparing to enter profession
6 functions of Lab schools
- 1. Educate K-12 children
- 2. Develop innovative teaching practices
- 3. Conduct research
- 4. Prepare new teachers
- 5. Provide in-service practice
- 6. Disseminate innovations
- *highlighted are most important
Define student teacher
Student of teaching, not a student who is teaching
What was the first "Lab" School
Horace Mann School at Teachers College, Columbia University (1887)
What was the first school to be called a Lab school?
Laboratory School at the university of Chicago (est. by John Dewey 1900.
Time line of Lab schools: Late nineteenth century
Horace Mann School and Laboratory School at UIC
Lab School time line 1900-1930's
- 1. Research on teaching occurred
- 2. provide preparation for teaching
- 3. Observation of experimental techniques
- 4. Practice teaching without connection to public school setting
Lab School time line: 1940's
Little resources due to WW2, used primarily for student teaching
Lab School time line: 1945-1955
1. Primary purposes-1) provide an on campus environment to observe prevailing methods or teaching, 2) provide a student teaching setting
2. Research decreased in importance and amount (less than 1/3 did any research)
3. more focus on new teacher prep and student teaching
4. new development: duplicate conditions that new teacher would meet in the field.
5. decreasing emphasis on student teaching in la schools: replaced with observation, participation and curriculum development.
6. Student teaching began to shift to public schools
7. enrollment in schools up to population increase
Lab School time line: 1955-1965
1. Teachers being moved to public schools due to increase in population
2. raised question: why do we need lab schools if they can get it done in public schools
3. validity of lab school lost when they subordinated research for teacher prep.
Lab School time line: 1969
Critical problems for laboratory schools caused decline over next 10 years
Problems encountered by lab school during decline
1. Increased costs in higher ed. to fund a K-12 school.
2. Too many new teachers needs and limited number of placements (late 50's)
3. need for teacher ed. students to have contact with "real" students in "real" school settings (early 70's)
4. more isolated over time- little or no collaboration between college and laboratory school faculty contributed little to development of theory (1988)
5. Not preparing for real world , i.e. typical lab school student vs. typical public school student.
Why did the field experience 1-2-3 come about in 1975
Failure of lab schools
What two types of students experienced plummeting test scores in the 70's
- 1. traditionally lower achieving
- 2. College bound students mastering less academic subjects
what three assessments of our nations education system started the public school accountability movement?
- 1. A Nation at Risk- 1983, watershed moment
- 2. a place called school (book), John Goodland, 1984, "American Schools are in trouble"
- 3. High School; a report on secondary ed., Ernest Boyer, 1983
*started accountability and Legislation
What were the two major reports of the 1980's that impacted teacher training
1. Carnegie forum on education and the economy (1986)
2. Holmes group 1986
What movements came out of the carnegie forum on education?
- 1. NBPTS- still around
- - teacher subject matter knowledge
- -pedagogical understanding
- -application of knowledge in classrooms
- 2. Clinical schools (dead)
- -link faculties K-12 to college faculties
- -2 years of graduate studies
- - analogous to a teaching hospital
- -primarily involved only outstanding teachers
What contribution did the Holmes group make?
PDS- professional development schools
Homes group PDS partnership between practicing teachers, administrators, and university faculty dependent on 4 things
1. Reciprocity- mutual between research and practice
2. experimentation- try new forms of practice
3. systematic inquiry requires new ideas to be studied and validated.
4. student diversity- developing teaching strategies for different backgrounds, abilities, and learning styles.
PDS would serve as setting for teaching professionals to: (3 things)
1. test different instructional arrangements for novice teachers
2. researcher to work under the guidance of gifted practitioners
3. Exchange of profesional knowledge between unifersity falculty and practicioners
Professional development school
Teacher education program
institute of higher education
National council for accreditation of teacher education
association of teacher educators