Horse Production Test #2
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Average Hoof Wall growth is?
3/8th inch per month
The ______________ is the buffer between the movements of the sole and the wall
What vitamin is necessary for the growth and development of a normal hoof?
What are three steps you should take before trimming of shoeing a horse?
- Observe overall confirmation
- Observe horse in motion
- Observe position of each foot
T or F: Young horses have faster hoof growth than older horses
T or F: Poor quality of hay and trace minerals produces maximum hoof growth
What are three causes of colic?
Amount of fiber in diet, Change in amount of feed, Insufficient water
What are three different types of colic?
Stomach, Small Intestines, Large Intestines
What are three clinical signs of colic?
Sweating, Pawing, Bucking, Rolling, Laying Down
What is the single most important characteristic in equine selection?
What is the average temperature of a horse?
What is the normal pulse rate(PR) for a horse?
What does TPR stand for?
Temperature, Pulse, Respiration
T of F: Horses have the widest set eyes of all land animals
When dealing with horses you want a short/long underline and a short/long topline?
Short Topline and Long Underline
T of F: Horses should be muscularly balanced throughout
In all horses the hindquarters should appear what shape?
What percentage of weight do the limbs bear?
Half the distance of Horse's is the same as what?
What are confirmation rules regarding the head?
Head should be proportionate to the rest of the body, smaller head
What are confirmation rules regarding the eyes?
Larger eyes, closer together
What are confirmation rules regarding the neck?
What are the confirmation rules regarding the shoulders?
A good riding horse should have an angle of 40-45% from the point of the shoulder to the point of the withers as this allows the horse to take longer fluid strides.
What are the confirmation rules regarding the hooves?
The front hooves should be rounded and look like a matching pair, the hinds however should be more oval in shape. All should be front facing.
what are the four stages of a fly?
The house fly
live away from host animal, life cycle one to two weeks
life cycle three to four weeks, eggs in batches of 20-50
severe pests around cattle, life cycle fifteen to twenty days
blood sucking pests usually affecting cattle, life cycle ten days, found on belly and back
Life cycle fourteen days, breed in standing or slow moving water, can carry fatal diseases
What are four ways to prevent flies?
- Elimination of breeding material
- Moisture control
- Mechanical Control
3 host tick, found in texas to eastern Kansas
- Southern TX, Mexico, Central america, South America and Caribbean
- Attaches to legs and abdomen, ears flank and tail
Gulf Coast Tick
- Found in high temperatures and high rainfall
- Three Host Tick
- Along Gulf of Mexico and southeastern Kansas
- Found on Horses outer ear
- Ear Swelling
- Extremely Head Shy
- Produces irritating secretion, can be poisonous
- Get sick and may die
- 2-5 eaten = colic
- Any more can cause death
- First cuttings are safer
- Usually seen after dry season
What are the four most seen internal parasites?
What is the primary means through which parasites spread?
Large round worm primarily affects young horses and foals, life cycle of three months, swallow from pasture feed or water,
Ascarids affect the animals how?
Eggs hatch larvae burrow into small intestines then travel to liver heart and lungs
Life cycle of six to seven months, most common - large intestines, resistance to weather conditions, harder to survive in summer conditions
How do Strongyles affect the animals?
Burrow small arteries in gut wall, main blood supply from digestive tract
Not very harmful to horses, Lay eggs around anus, Tail rubbing
Lay eggs mainly on legs, Bite legs goes to mouth and attaches to stomach lining, stays in stomach for nine months
Intestinal in young foals 4-47 days, Get from nursing, Go to the lungs and small intestines, Life cycle is two weeks, causes diarrhea
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