Horse Production Test #2

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Author:
caitlin.schlagal
ID:
209623
Filename:
Horse Production Test #2
Updated:
2013-03-26 11:16:15
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ANSC 109
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Description:
Test 2 in Introduction to Horse Production
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  1. Average Hoof Wall growth is?
    3/8th inch per month
  2. The ______________ is the buffer between the movements of the sole and the wall
    White Line
  3. What vitamin is necessary for the growth and development of a normal hoof?
    Vitamin A
  4. What are three steps you should take before trimming of shoeing a horse?
    • Observe overall confirmation
    • Observe horse in motion
    • Observe position of each foot
  5. T or F: Young horses have faster hoof growth than older horses
    True
  6. T or F: Poor quality of hay and trace minerals produces maximum hoof growth
    False
  7. What are three causes of colic?
    Amount of fiber in diet, Change in amount of feed, Insufficient water
  8. What are three different types of colic?
    Stomach, Small Intestines, Large Intestines
  9. What are three clinical signs of colic?
    Sweating, Pawing, Bucking, Rolling, Laying Down
  10. What is the single most important characteristic in equine selection?
    Blance
  11. What is the average temperature of a horse?
    100-101.5
  12. What is the normal pulse rate(PR) for a horse?
    45-60
  13. What does TPR stand for?
    Temperature, Pulse, Respiration
  14. T of F: Horses have the widest set eyes of all land animals
    True
  15. When dealing with horses you want a short/long underline and a short/long topline?
    Short Topline and Long Underline
  16. T of F: Horses should be muscularly balanced throughout
    True
  17. In all horses the hindquarters should appear what shape?
    Square
  18. What percentage of weight do the limbs bear?
    65%
  19. Half the distance of Horse's is the same as what?
    Throat Latch
  20. What are confirmation rules regarding the head?
    Head should be proportionate to the rest of the body, smaller head
  21. What are confirmation rules regarding the eyes?
    Larger eyes, closer together
  22. What are confirmation rules regarding the neck?
    Long neck
  23. What are the confirmation rules regarding the shoulders?
    A good riding horse should have an angle of 40-45% from the point of the shoulder to the point of the withers as this allows the horse to take longer fluid strides.
  24. What are the confirmation rules regarding the hooves?
    The front hooves should be rounded and look like a matching pair, the hinds however should be more oval in shape. All should be front facing.
  25. what are the four stages of a fly?
    • Egg
    • Larvae
    • Pupae
    • Adult
  26. The house fly
    live away from host animal, life cycle one to two weeks
  27. Stable Fly
    life cycle three to four weeks, eggs in batches of 20-50
  28. Face Fly
    severe pests around cattle, life cycle fifteen to twenty days
  29. Horn Fly
    blood sucking pests usually affecting cattle, life cycle ten days, found on belly and back
  30. Mosquitos
    Life cycle fourteen days, breed in standing or slow moving water, can carry fatal diseases
  31. What are four ways to prevent flies?
    • Elimination of breeding material
    • Moisture control
    • Mechanical Control
    • Insecticides
  32. Lonestar Tick
    3 host tick, found in texas to eastern Kansas
  33. Cayenne Tick
    • Southern TX, Mexico, Central america, South America and Caribbean
    • Attaches to legs and abdomen, ears flank and tail
  34. Gulf Coast Tick
    • Found in high temperatures and high rainfall
    • Three Host Tick
    • Along Gulf of Mexico and southeastern Kansas
    • Found on Horses outer ear
    • Ear Swelling
    • Extremely Head Shy
  35. Blister Beetles
    • Produces irritating secretion, can be poisonous
    • Get sick and may die
    • 2-5 eaten = colic
    • Any more can cause death
    • First cuttings are safer
    • Usually seen after dry season
  36. What are the four most seen internal parasites?
    • Strongyles
    • Ascarids
    • Pinworms
    • Bots
  37. What is the primary means through which parasites spread?
    Manure
  38. Ascarids
    Large round worm primarily affects young horses and foals, life cycle of three months, swallow from pasture feed or water,
  39. Ascarids affect the animals how?
    Eggs hatch larvae burrow into small intestines then travel to liver heart and lungs
  40. Strongyles
    Life cycle of six to seven months, most common - large intestines, resistance to weather conditions, harder to survive in summer conditions
  41. How do Strongyles affect the animals?
    Burrow small arteries in gut wall, main blood supply from digestive tract
  42. Pinworms
    Not very harmful to horses, Lay eggs around anus, Tail rubbing
  43. Bots
    Lay eggs mainly on legs, Bite legs goes to mouth and attaches to stomach lining, stays in stomach for nine months
  44. Strongyloides (Threadworm)
    Intestinal in young foals 4-47 days, Get from nursing, Go to the lungs and small intestines, Life cycle is two weeks, causes diarrhea

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