Politica 1

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Politica 1
2013-03-26 20:10:32

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  1. Party Caucus
    meeting that party members attend to decide policies and change candidates to run for office
  2. Congressional Caucus
    • is a group of members of the United States
    • Congress that meets to pursue common legislative objectives
  3. Congressional Oversight
    • refers to the review, monitoring, and supervision of federal
    • agencies, programs, activities, and policy implementation.
  4. Rider
    • A provision attached to a bill- to which it may or
    • may not be related- in order to secure its passage or defeat.
  5. Veto
    • Vote that prevents a proposed action from occurring or being
    • completed.
  6. Pork- barrel spending
    • unnecessary government expenditures that were allocated for
    • political reasons.
  7. Pork- barrel legislation
    • bring home the bacon; special projects or
    • appropiations that are intended to benefit members district or state.
  8. Federal Judiciary
    • the judiciary of the United States which is
    • responsible for interpreting and enforcing federal laws
  9. Office of Personnel Management (OPM)
    an agency that administers civil services, laws, rules, and regulations.
  10. Who appoints members of the Federal Judiciary with
    consent of whom?
    Appointed by the president and approved by the senate.
  11. Docket
    The list of potential cases that reach the Supreme Court.
  12. Defendant
    In criminal action the person or party accused of an offense
  13. Plaintiff
    The party initiating a civil lawsuit.
  14. Majority Leader
    leader of the party with most members
  15. Minority Leader
    leader of party with 2nd most members
  16. Whip
    ensure party discipline in a legislature; communicate between majority and minority leader
  17. Filibuster
    strategy to present bill from being voted in
  18. Cloture
    3/5 vote that quickly ends a debate in Senate
  19. Standing Committee
    permanent committee in a legislature usually focusing on a policy area. Most durable committee; source of most bills.
  20. Special (Select)
    appointed committee for special function that is beyond authority
  21. Joint Committee
    committee with membership from both houses of congress
  22. Conference Committee
    committees appointed by house and senate to resolve a bill
  23. Know the process of how a Bill becomes a Law
    bill introduced, committees hearing votes, floor nation debate House and Senate, president signs bill.
  24. House
    435 members
  25. Senate
    100 members
  26. Pocket veto
    indirect veto by President in retaining an unsigned bill for 10 days causing it to die.
  27. Override veto
    2/3 vote in the House and Senate
  28. Logrolling
    2 or more legislators that agree to trade votes on a bill
  29. Pork-barrel legislation
    government benefits for local constituency
  30. Congressional Agencies and examples of each
    • General Accounting
    • Office: GAO, the largest; monitors how agency spends money

    • Congressional Budget Office: CBO,
    • newest

    •  Congressional Research Service: CRS,
    • oldest; provides research, analysis and information for Congress
  31. Formal accusation
    by a government attorney that the defendant committed a misdemeanor.
  32. Plea Bargain
    agreement to take a lower charge to do less time
  33. What is the major function of Congress?
    Enact Legislation
  34. Who is responsible for the scheduling of bills in the Senate and House?
    Senate: "leadership" 

     House: Rules committee
  35. Which state has the most seats in the House of
  36. Members of Congress have a stronger incentive for
    which, oversight or lawmaking?
  37. Bureaucracy
    organization of non-elected officials who implement the rules, laws and function of constitution
  38. What is the major function of the federal
    Process of putting new policies into practice
  39. Know the 4 (5) Types of
    federal agencies and examples of each:
    • 1. Cabinet
    • Departments

    • 2. Independent
    • Executive Agency: CIA, NASA

    • 3. Independent
    • Regulating Agency: EPA, FEC, SEC

    • 4. Government
    • Corporations: Postal Service, PBS

    5. Presidential Commissions
  40. Civil Service
    government service in which employees are employed by merit system and exams
  41. Merit System
    process of hiring government employees based in ability to perform a job
  42. Patronage System
    • president/political official fills government positions with
    • his choosing
  43. Hatch Act
    federal law that prohibits employees in executive branch from engaging in partisan politics (1939)

    *the cant elect a party
  44. Federal Registry
    deals with rules, contains most routine publications and public notices of government agencies

    (list of rules and the official record of the federal bureaucracy)
  45. Pendleton Act
    1983 based on Merit System and made Civil System
  46. Entitlement Program
    Public funds are given to people because they need it and they meet requirements (Medicare, Social Security)
  47. Judicial Review
    Judicial branch can review actions of legislative and executive branches
  48. Criminal Law
    crime against public order
  49. Civil Law
    legal rights between individuals
  50. Justifiable Dispute
    dispute out of a central case that can be settled by legal methods
  51. (1) Supreme Court
    How many members?
  52. (13) Appellate Courts
    empowered how an appeal of a trial (circuit) court of tribunal
  53. (94) District courts
    (Trial Courts) average general trial courts; TDC, 678 judges
  54. Original Jurisdiction
    court that hears case for the first time (trial)
  55. Appellate Jurisdiction
    power of Supreme Court to review and change decisions of lower courts
  56. Precedent (stare decisis)
    rule established in previous case to decide similar cases

    *decision made by higher courts that is binding on all other federal courts.
  57. Writ of Habeus Corpus
    court order requiring an explanation of why a prisioner is held in custody.

    not having sufficient evidence leading to release the prisoner
  58. Writ of Certiorari (often just referred to as
    a formal writ used to bring a case before the supreme court.
  59. Amicus Curiae Brief
    someone involved in a case to assist a court in deciding
  60. Opinion of the Court
    gives verdict and explains reasons for decision
  61. Dissenting opinion
    judge disagrees with majority and decision
  62. Concurring opinion
     judge agrees with the majority but differs in the reason.
  63. Grand Jury
    determines whether a criminal indictment will be issued
  64. Petit Jury
    most common type of jury, citizens brought together to listen to evidence presented by prosecution and defense
  65. Sandra O’ Conner
    First woman Senator (1980 Reagan)
  66. Chief Justice
    John Roberts, Republican
  67. Elected Officials
    are Generalists
  68. Bureaucrats
    are Specialists
  69. Who do senate confirm?
    Senate confirms judges appointed by president
  70. Three types of Federal employees
    1. Presidential Appointee

    2. Civil Service

    3. Senior Executive Service
  71. What do bureaucrats rely on to promote their agency's goals?
    1.Interest groups

    2.Congressional committees

    3. Sub-committees

    4. Their expert knowledge

    • 5.The backing up of the president and
    • congress

    • 6. The support of the interests that
    • benefit from the agency’s program.