APEN 50 Key "isms"

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  1. Absurdism
    doctrine that we live in an irrational universe
  2. Agnosticism
    doctrine that we can know nothing beyond material phenomena
  3. Anarchism
    doctrine that all governments should be abolished
  4. Anthropomorphism
    attribution of human qualities to non-human things
  5. Antinomianism
    doctrine of the rejection of moral law
  6. Asceticism
    doctrine that self-denial of the body permits spiritual enlightenment
  7. Atheism
    belief that there is no God
  8. Atomism
    belief that the universe consists of small indivisible particles
  9. Bipartisanism
    the state of being composed of members of two parties or of two parties cooperating
  10. Capitalism
    doctrine that private ownership and free markets should govern economies
  11. Centrism
    adherence to a middle-of-the-road position; neither left now right (in politics)
  12. Collectivism
    doctrine of communal control of means of production
  13. Communism
    a theory or system in which all property is owned by all of the people equally, with its administration vested by them in the state or in the community
  14. Conservatism
    belief in maintaining political and social traditions
  15. Deism
    belief in God but rejection of religion
  16. Determinism
    doctrine that events are predetermined by preceding events or laws
  17. Dualism
    doctrine that the universe is controlled by one good and one evil force
  18. Egalitarianism
    belief that humans ought to be equal in rights and privileges
  19. Egoism
    doctrine that the pursuit of self-interest is the highest good
  20. Empiricism
    doctrine that the experience of the senses is the only source of knowledge
  21. Existentialism
    doctrine of individual human responsibility in an unfathomable universe
  22. Fascism
    a political philosophy that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition
  23. Fatalism
    doctrine that events are fixed and humans are powerless
  24. Feminism
    belief in the liberation of women in society to a social stature equal to that of men
  25. Gnosticism
    belief that freedom derives solely from knowledge
  26. Hedonism
    belief that pleasure is the highest good
  27. Humanism
    belief that human interests and mind are paramount
  28. Imperialism
    policy of forcefully extending a nation's authority by territorial gain or by the establishment of economic and political dominance over other nations
  29. Individualism
    belief that individual interest and rights are paramount
  30. Libertarianism
    doctrine that personal liberty is the highest value
  31. Marxism
    the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change, and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded by communism
  32. Materialism
    belief that matter is the only extant substance
  33. Monotheism
    belief in only one God
  34. Nihilism
    denial of all reality; extreme skepticism
  35. Objectivism
    a philosophical system founded by Ayn Rand, being one of several doctrines holding that all reality is objective and external to the mind and that knowledge is reliably based on observed objects and events
  36. Pantheism
    belief that the universe is God, that God is revealed in nature
  37. Polytheism
    belief in multiple deities
  38. Positivism
    doctrine that that which is not observable is not knowable
  39. Pragmatism
    doctrine emphasizing practical value of philosophy
  40. Progressivism
    the principles and practices of those advocating progress, change, or reform, especially in political matters
  41. Radicalism
    the holding or following of principles advocating drastic political, economic, or social reforms
  42. Rationalism
    belief that reason is the fundamental source of knowledge
  43. Secularism
    the concept that government or other entities should exist separately from religion and/or religious beliefs
  44. Self-determinism
    doctrine that the actions of a self are determined by itself
  45. Skepticism
    doctrine that true knowledge is always uncertain
  46. Socialism
    doctrine of centralized state control of wealth and property
  47. Solipism
    theory that self-existence is the only certainty
  48. Stoicism
    belief in indifference to pleasure or pain
  49. Transcendentalism
    theory that emphasizes that which transcends perception
  50. Utilitarianism
    belief that utility of actions determines moral value and that the goal of human conduct is happiness
Card Set:
APEN 50 Key "isms"
2013-03-27 08:46:00
APEN AP English Language Composition test vocab isms key terms

50 Key terms that end in "ism"
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