UNIT #6

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Author:
jonnyblazyn11
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209835
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UNIT #6
Updated:
2013-03-28 21:11:06
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CHEM BIO
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UNIT #6 REVIEW
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  1. DEFINE BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AGENTS:
    • INFECTIOUS AGENTS (PATHOGENS)
    • TOXINS
  2. PROHIBITS:
    • OFFENSIVE RESEARCH
    • STOCKPILING AGENTS
    • DEVELOPMENT OF WEAPONS SYSTEM
    • USE UNDER ANY CONDITIONS
  3. ALLOWS:
    • DEFENSIVE RESEARCH
    • STOCKPILING OF ANTIDOTES
  4. AEROSOL
    FINELY DIVIDED PARTICLES OF LIQUIDS OR SOLIDS THAT ARE SUSPENDED IN AIR, AND WHICH BEHAVE AS A GAS.
  5. NATURAL INORGANIC
    DUST, SMOKE, SEA SALT
  6. NATURAL ORGANIC
    POLLEN, SPORES
  7. PERCUTANEOUS:
    AN AGENT THAT CAN ENTER THE BODY THROUGH UNBROKEN SKIN OR INJURE THE SKIN DIRECTLY. (SKIN HAZARD)
  8. VOLATILITY:
    MEASURE OF HOW READILY AN AGENT EVAPORATES.
  9. COMMUNICABILITY:
    THE ABLITY OF A PATHOGEN TO BE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE INDIVIDUAL TO ANOTHER WITHIN A TARGET POPULATION.

    ie... AEROSOL; (COUGHING, SNEEZING, BREATHING) DIRECT CONTACT, CONTAMINATION OF FOOD SUPPLIES, TRANSMISSIONS BY VECTORS.
  10. INCUBATION PERIOD:
    THE PERIOD OF TIME REQUIRED FOR THE PATHOGENS TO ESTABLISH THEMSELVES IN THE BODY OF THE HOST AND TO PRODUCE DISEASE SYMPTOMS.
  11. PERSISTENCY:
    THE ABILITY OF INFECTIOUS AGENTS TO LIVE AND REMAIN A HAZARD IN THE ENVIRONMENT.  (HOW LONG THE AGENT CAN STAY AND STILL AFFECT PEOPLE)
  12. PERVASIVENESS
    THE ABILITY OF INFECTIOUS AGENTS TO PERMEATE (PENETRATE) AND REMAIN PRESENT THROUGHOUT AN AREA OR A POPULATION DUE TO THEIR SMALL SIZE.
  13. VIRULENCE:
    THE RELATIVE ABILITY OF INFECTIOUS AGENTS TO PRODUCE DISEASE. (THE MROE VIRAL, THE MORE DEADLY BECAUSE THERE WILL BE SHORTER INCUBATION TIME AND MORE PERVASIVE.)
  14. QUARANTINE:
    THE SEPARATION OF A POTENTIALLY EXPOSED GROUP IN ORDER TO LIMIT THE AREA OF EXPOSURE OF AN INFECTIOUS AGENT.
  15. INFECTIOUS BIOLOGICAL AGENTS METHODS OF DISSEMINATION:
    • VECTORS
    • COMMUNICABILITY
    • SPRAY GENERATORS
    • COVERT OPERATION
  16. RICKETTSIAE:
    • SINGLE CELLED PARASITE (REQUIRES A LIVING HOST)
    • TRANSMITTED BY VECTORS
    • (ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER)
    • (TYPHUS)
  17. PLAGUE (YERSINIA PESTIS)
    • BACTERIUM CARRIED BY FLEAS ( RODENTS)
    • PNEUMONIC FORM, POTENTIAL FOR SPREAD BY DROPLETS
  18. CUTANEOUS ANTHRAX:
    USUALLY OCCURS AFTER SKIN CONTACT WITH CONTAMINATED MEAT, WOOL, HIDES, OR LEATHER FROM INFECTED ANIMALS.
  19. INFECTIOUS BIOLOGICAL AGENTS DEFENSE
    • ACTIVE DEFENSE
    •     -REQUIRES ACCURATE INTELLIGENCE
    •     -AVOID POSSIBLE ATTACK AREAS
    •     -PRE-EMPTIVE STRIKE
    • PASSIVE DEFENSE ACTIONS
    •     -BEFORE THE ATTACK
    •     -DURING THE ATTACK
    •     -AFTER THE ATTACK
  20. BEFORE THE ATTACK:
    • DCA WOKS WITH THE XO
    • PERSONAL HYGIENE
    • AREA SANITATION
    • DCA WORKS WITH XO AND MEDICAL
    • IMMUNIZATIONS UP TO DATE
    • VACCINES/ ANTIDOTES NOT EXPIRED
    • TRAINING
  21. DURING THE ATTACK:
    • DON INDIVIDUAL PROTECTION
    • MASK
    • JSLIST (JOINT SERVICE LIGHT WEIGHT INTEGRATED SUIT TECHNOLOGY) MAY NOT BE REQUIRED.
    • SHIPBOARD PROTECTIVE MEASURES
    • AVOIDANCE
    • CIRCLE WILLIAM
    • COUNTER MEASURE WASHDOWN SYSTEM (CMWD)
    • COLLECTIVE PROTECTIVE SYSTEM (CPS)
  22. AFTER THE ATTACK:
    • DECONTAMINATE PERSONNEL (SHOWERS)
    • DECONTAMINATE THE SHIP
    •       HTH (PRIMARY)
    •       SOAP AND WATER (SECONDARY)
    • DECONTAMINATE FOD
    •       PREPARED (DISCARD)
    •       UNOPENED (IF POSSIBLE)
    • DECONTAMINATE WATER
    • QUARANTINE POTENTIALLY EXPOSED PERSONNEL
  23. INFECTIOUS BIOLOGICAL AGENTS SUMMARY
    • INFECTIOUS AGENTS
    •       BACTERIA, RICKETTSIAE, VIRUS, FUNGI
    • EMPLOYMENT ROLES (strategic)
    •       ANTI PERSONNEL/ PLANT/ ANIMAL
    • DISSEMINATION MODES
    •       SPRAY TANKS
    •       VECTORS
    •       COVERT OPERATIONS
    •       COMMUNICABILITY
    • PROTECTION
    •       ACTIVE
    •       PASSIVE
  24. WHAT ARE FOUR (4) TYPES OF INFECTIOUS BIOLOGICAL AGENTS?
    • BACTERIA
    • RICKETTSIAE
    • VIRUS
    • FUNGI
  25. WHAT ARE THE DISSEMINATION METHODS USED FOR INFECTIOUS BIOLOGICAL AGENTS?
    • SPRAY TANKS
    • VECTORS
    • COVERT OPERATIONS
    • COMMUNICABILITY
  26. HOW CAN SHIPBOARD PERSONNEL PROTECT THEMSELVES FROM INFECTIOUS BIOLOGICAL AGENTS?
    • GAS MASK
    • AVOID
    • CPS AND VACCINATIONS
  27. WHAT IS HYDROLYSIS?
    THE BREAKDOWN OF THE CHEMICAL AGENT BY THE MIXTURE OF WATER.
  28. WHAT IS DETOXIFICATION?
    THE RATE AT WHICH THE HUMAN BODY IS ABLE TO DETOXIFY SOME AGENTS; IF THE BODY CAN DETOXIFY, THE RATE CAN RANGE FROM MINUTES TO MONTHS.
  29. WHAT IS PERSISTENCY?
    THE ABILITY OF INFECTIOUS AGENTS TO LIVE AND REMAIN A HAZARD IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
  30. WHAT IS Concentration?
    • the amount of agent present after an attack or can be measured by amount
    • required to be lethal to 50 percent of the poulation
  31. WHAT IS Percutaneous?
    the agents ability to be absorbed through the skin.
  32. WHAT IS Micro-pulverization?
    a solid agent ground up to super fine powder capable of aerosol dissemination.
  33. WHAT IS Viscosity?
    the property of a fluid thatresists the force tending to cause the fluid to flow. (thehigher the viscosity, the slower it flows)
  34. WHAT IS Casualty Agent?
    they are designed to kill or injure personnel
  35. what is Incapacitating Agent?
    it is designed to temporarily disable personnel and do not create permanent injury.
  36. what is Volatility?
    measure of how readily an agent evaporates
  37. what are four (4) types of casualty causing agents?
    • nerve
    • blister
    • blood
    • choking
  38. A solid/thick liquid chemical agent has what persistency?
    less persistent (>24 hours)
  39. what persistency does a liquid gas have?
    more/greater persistent (<24 hours)
  40. what are two (2) nerve agent series?
    • G series (GB- us & GD- russian)
    • V series (VX-us & VR-55 russian)
  41. Name three (3) types of blister agents?
    • Mustards
    • Arsenicals
    • Urticants
  42. Skin flushing red, dizziness, headache, increased pulse rate are all symptoms of what?
    Blood Agents
  43. what NSTM talks about CBR?
    NSTM 470
  44. what are three (3) chemical detection and identification categories?
    • standoff
    • point 
    • monitoring
  45. what is point detection?
    • to identify the physical arrival of chemical agents at a designated location.
    • (IPDS and M-9 paper)
    • (M-8 and M256-A1)
  46. what is IPDS?
    Improved Point Detection System

    Provides real time response to low concentrations of G series nerve agents and H series blister agents.
  47. M-9 point detection paper test for?
    • the presence liquid nerve  agents
    • (G&V Series and (H&L) agents
  48. M-8 detection monitoring paper test for?
    Identifies liquid agents Blister Agents (H & L) Nerve (G and V series)
  49. How many people are on a Chemical
    Detection Survey and Monitoring Team, and who are they?
    • Four (4)
    • Team Leader
    • Two (2) samplers
    • Messenger/ marker
  50. Chemical Surveys
    • •Periodic Monitoring (Point Detection)
    • –Prior/During attack (M8/M9, IPDS)
    • •On-Station Monitoring
    • –During attack (M256A1/M8)
    • •Rapid Internal Survey
    • –After attack (M256A1)
    • •Rapid External Survey
    • –After RIS (M8)
  51. Gas Hazard Marking
    • upside down triangle
    • yellow w/ red writing
    • agent, date & time
  52. Biological Hazard Marking Sign
    • upside down triangle
    • blue w/ red writing
    • agent, date & time
  53. Radiological Hazard Marking
    • upside down triangle
    • white w/ black writing
    • agent, date & time
  54. IPDS can test for what two (2) agents, and in what form?
    • Nerve & Blister
    • Vapor form
  55. M-8 paper can test for what two (2) agents, in what form?
    • Nerve & Blood
    • Liquid form
  56. M-9 Paper can test for what two (2) agents, in what form?
    • Nerve & Blister
    • Liquid form
  57. M256-A1 can test for what three (3) types of agents, in what form?
    • Nerve, Blister & Blood
    • Vapor form

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