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what is 4th leading cause of death in America
normal PaCO2 =
35 = 45mmHg
HCO3 (bicarbonate) normal levels =
Is Spiriva an emergency inhaler
Spiriva is a
bronchodilator and antispasmodic tht works by inhibiting the muscarinic receptors of smooth muscles in the airway.
anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant. It decreases inflammatory response of the body.
brochodilator works by relaxing smooth muscles of trachea and bronchi
what happens to lungs as we age
elasticity goes down
when should you take sputum sample
first thing in the morning
Kussmaul's breathing =
- type of hyperventilation that accompanies metabolic acidosis
- body tries to blow off excess CO2
Cheyne-Stokes respiration's =
marked rythmic waxing of respirations from very deep to very shallow with short periods of apnea commonly caused by chronic diseases, increased intracranial pressure and drug overdose
- cluster respirations
- shallow breaths interrupted by apnea
- may be seen in clients with CNS disorders
tidal volume is
the amount of air that is moved with one inspiration and expiration
average tidal volume =
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