Review Test 1 - A&P II.txt

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fnmason
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209949
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Review Test 1 - A&P II.txt
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2013-03-27 23:51:28
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Endocrine System Blood
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A&P II Endocrine System and Blood
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  1. 1.) Hormone release may be controlled by which of the following factors?

    A.) All of the answers are correct
    B.) nervous stimuli
    C.) blood level of a hormone
    D.) blood level of gluscose
    E.) blood level of an ion-like potassium
    A.) All of the answers are correct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2.) All of the following are true of neutrophils, except that they are

    A.) important in coagulation.
    B.) also known as polymorphonulear leukocytes.
    C.) phagocytic.
    D.) active in fighting bacterial infections.
    E.) granular leukocytes.
    A.) important in coagulation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3.) The suprarenal medulla produces

    A.) androgens.
    B.) mineralocorticoids.
    C.) glucocorticoids.
    D.) catecholamines.
    E.) corticosteroids.
    D.) catecholamines.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4.) The most complex endocrine response involve the

    A.) pancreas.
    B.) hypothalamus.
    C.) thymus gland.
    D.) thyroid gland.
    E.) suprarenal glands.
    B.) hypothalamus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5.) The most abundant component of plasma is

    A.) ions.
    B.) proteins.
    C.) nutrients
    D.) gases.
    E.) water.
    E.) water.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6.) Hormones can be divided into different groups based on their chemistry. These categories include

    A.) steroids.
    B.) eicosanoids.
    C.) peptides.
    D.) amino acid derivatives.
    E.) all of the answers are correct.
    E.) all of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7.) Blood type is identified primarily by

    A.) both the ABO and Rh blood groups.
    B.) the Kahn blood group.
    C.) the ABO blood group.
    D.) the Rh blood group.
    E.) the HB blood group.
    A.) both the ABO and Rh blood groups.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8.) Which of the following elements is necessary for the production of thyroid hormone?

    A.) colloid
    B.) potassium
    C.) iron
    D.) iodine
    E.) sodium
    D.) iodine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9.) The enzyme renin is responsible for the activation of

    A.) adrenaline.
    B.) atrial natriuretic peptide.
    C.) cortisol
    D.) angiotensin.
    E.) erythropoietin
    D.) angiotensin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10.) The level of erythropoietin in the blood would rise due to all of the following, except

    A.) at high altitudes
    B.) during periods of fasting.
    C.) when blood flow to the kidneys is disrupted.
    D.) during anemia.
    E.) as a consequence of hemorrhage.
    B.) during periods of fasting.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11.) White blood cells that are increased in allergic individuals are the

    A.) eosinophils.
    B.) basophils.
    C.) monocytes
    D.) lymphocytes.
    E.) neutrophils.
    A.) eosinophils.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12.) The average life span of a red blood cell is

    A.) 24 hours.
    B.) about 1 year.
    C.) 4 months.
    D.) 1 month.
    E.) many years
    C.) 4 months.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13.) Mental and physical sluggishness and low body temperature may be signs of

    A.) hyperthyroidism.
    B.) hypothyroidism.
    C.) hyperparathyroidism.
    D.) hypoparathyroidism.
    E.) diabetes insipidus.
    B.) hypothyroidism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14.) Excess secretion of growth hormone during early development will cause

    A.) acromegaly.
    B.) rickets.
    C.) dwarfism.
    D.) diabetes insipidus.
    E.) gigantism.
    E.) gigantism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15.) The primary target(s) of insulin is\are

    A.) All of the answers are correct.
    B.) liver cells.
    C.) cardiac muscle cells.
    D.) skeletal muscle fibers.
    E.) adipocytes.
    A.) All of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16.) The function of hemoglobin is to

    A.) aid in the process of blood clotting.
    B.) carry dissolved blood gases.
    C.) stimulate erythropoiesis.
    D.) produce antibodies.
    E.) carry bicarbonate ion.
    B.) carry dissolved blood gases.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17.) The hypothalamus acts as both a neural and a(n) ________organ.

    A.) hepatic
    B.) renal
    C.) cardiovascular
    D.) muscular
    E.) endocrine
    E.) endocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18.) The pancreatic hormone that causes blood sugar levels to fall is

    A.) insulin.
    B.) aldosterone.
    C.) glucagon.
    D.) cortisol.
    E.) somatotropin.
    A.) insulin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19.) The waste product bilirubin is produced from

    A.) globin chains of hemoglobin.
    B.) heme molecules plus iron.
    C.) heme molecules lacking iron.
    D.) iron found in hemoglobin molecules.
    E.) abnormal proteins found in red blood cells.
    C.) heme molecules lacking iron.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20.) Whole blood for testing in a clinical laboratory is usually collected from

    A.) a capillary.
    B.) a superficial vein.
    C.) an arteriole.
    D.) a superficial artery.
    E.) the heart.
    B.) a superficial vein.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21.) The functional organization of the nervous system parallels that of the _______ system in many ways

    A.) muscular
    B.) hepatic
    C.) endocrine
    D.) body
    E.) cardiovascular
    C.) endocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. 22.) Each hemoglobin molecule contains

    A.) a molecule of oxygen and a molecule of carbon dioxide.
    B.) one heme group.
    C.) one alpha and one beta chain.
    D.) four alpha chains.
    E.) four iron atoms.
    E.) four iron atoms.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23.) A simple endocrine reflex involves _____ hormones(s).

    A.) two
    B.) one
    C.) gonadotropic
    D.) hypothalamic
    E.) tropic
    B.) one
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24.) Which of these is not one of the formed elements of blood?

    A.) RBCs
    B.) antibodies
    C.) platelets
    D.) lymphocytes
    E.) basophils
    B.) antibodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25.) An infected wound typically contains

    A.) tissue fluids.
    B.) pus
    C.) dead neutrophils.
    D.) cellular debris
    E.) all of the answers are correct.
    E.) all of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26.) The most abundant proteins in blood plasma are

    A.) albumins.
    B.) lipoproteins.
    C.) transport proteins.
    D.) fibrinogens.
    E.) globulins.
    A.) albumins.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27.) The function of red blood cells is to

    A.) defend the body against infectious organisms.
    B.) carry oxygen to the cells and then carry away carbon dioxide
    C.) carry nutrients from the digestive system to the body’s cells.
    D.) carry carbon dioxide from the lungs to the body’s cells.
    E.) carry oxygen from the cells to the lungs.
    B.) carry oxygen to the cells and then carry away carbon dioxide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28.) Endocrine cells

    A.) contain few vesicles.
    B.) are modified connective-tissue cells.
    C.) release their secretions onto an epithelial surface.
    D.) release their secretions directly into body fluids.
    E.) are a type of nerve cell
    D.) release their secretions directly into body fluids.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29.) A hormone that can lower blood levels of calcium ion is

    A.) oxytocin.
    B.) glucagon.
    C.) parathyroid hormone.
    D.) thyroxine.
    E.) calcitonin.
    E.) calcitonin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30.) Which of the following is a function of the blood?
    A.) defense against toxins and pathogens
    B.) transport of nutrients and wastes
    C.) transport of body heat
    D.) transport of gases.
    E.) all of the answers are correct.
    E.) all of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31.) Hormonal actions on cells include those that affect

    A.) synthesis of enzymes.
    B.) all of the answers are correct.
    C.) quantities of enzymes.
    D.) gating of ion channels
    E.) activities of enzymes.
    B.) all of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 32.) Alpha cells are to _____ as beta cells are to ____.

    A.) pancreatic polypeptide; insulin
    B.) glucagon; somatostatin
    C.) glucagon; insulin
    D.) somatostatin; insulin
    E.) insulin; glucagon
    C.) glucagon; insulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. 33.) Which of the following statements concerning red blood cells is false?

    A.) Red cells are biconcave discs.
    B.) Red cells are specialized for carrying oxygen.
    C.) Red cells are about 18 µm in diameter.
    D.) Red cells lack mitochondria
    E.) Red cells can form stacks called rouleaux.
    C.) Red cells are about 18 µm in diameter.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. 34.) Plasma proteins essential in body defense are the

    A.) lipoproteins.
    B.) fibrinogens.
    C.) metalloproteins.
    D.) immunoglobulins.
    E.) albumins.
    D.) immunoglobulins.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. 35.) White blood cells that release histamine at the site of an injury are

    A.) basophils.
    B.) neutrophils.
    C.) monocytes.
    D.) lymphocytes.
    E.) eosinophils.
    A.) basophils.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 36.) Which of these hormones increases production of red blood cells?

    A.) aldosterone
    B.) thymosin
    C.) atrial natrieretic peptide
    D.) erythropoietin
    E.) cortisol
    D.) erythropoietin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 37.) All the circulating red blood cells in an adult originate in the

    A.) spleen.
    B.) thymus.
    C.) red bone marrow.
    D.) heart.
    E.) lymph tissue.
    C.) red bone marrow.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. 38.) When checking the efficiency of gas exchange, it may be necessary to draw a blood sample from

    A.) the lungs.
    B.) capillaries
    C.) an artery.
    D.) a vein
    E.) the heart.
    C.) an artery.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. 39.) Bill wants to determine his blood type, so he takes a few drops of blood from a puncture wound in his finger and mixes it with various antisera. His blood cells agglutinate when mixed with the anti-A sera but not with the anti-B or anti-D sera. This means

    A.) Bill could receive type B-negative blood in a transfusion.
    B.) Bill is Rh positive.
    C.) Bill’s red blood cells contain the O surface antigen.
    D.) Bill could donate blood to an individual with type O blood.
    E.) Bill’s plasma contains B antibodies.
    E.) Bill’s plasma contains B antibodies.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. 40.) All of the following are true of steroid hormones, except that they

    A.) bind to receptors within the cell.
    B.) are produced by the suprarenal medulla.
    C.) are produced by reproductive glands.
    D.) are derived from cholesterol.
    E.) are lipids
    B.) are produced by the suprarenal medulla.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. 41.) The combination of plasma and formed elements is called

    A.) lymph.
    B.) whole blood.
    C.) packed blood.
    D.) extracellular fluid.
    E.) serum.
    B.) whole blood.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. 42.) Follicle cells in the ovary secret ____ when stimulated by FSH.
    A.) testosterone
    B.) inhibin
    C.) gonadotropins
    D.) progesterone
    E.) estrogen
    E.) estrogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. 43.) Hormones known as “catecholamines” are

    A.) derivatives of reproductive glands.
    B.) peptides.
    C.) derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine.
    D.) lipids
    E.) steroids.
    C.) derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. 44.) Which organ secretes most of the plasma proteins?

    A.) heart
    B.) brain
    C.) kidney
    D.) liver
    E.) pancreas
    D.) liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. 45.) _______are chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and transported in the bloodstream to alter the activities of specific cells in other tissues.

    A.) Hormones
    B.) Neuropeptides
    C.) Antigens
    D.) Neurotransmitters
    E.) Humoral antibodies
    A.) Hormones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. 46.) A plasma protein essential for blood coagulation is

    A.) lipoprotein C.
    B.) fibrinogen
    C.) albumin alpha.
    D.) immunoglobulin A.
    E.) metalloprotein D.
    B.) fibrinogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. 47.) Steroid hormones

    A.) are proteins.
    B.) remain in circulation for relatively short periods of time.
    C.) bind to receptors in the nucleus of their target cells.
    D.) are transported in the blood dissolved in the plasma.
    E.) cannot diffuse through cell membranes.
    C.) bind to receptors in the nucleus of their target cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. 48.) Which of the following statements about blood is false?

    A.) Blood is more viscous than water.
    B.) The normal pH of blood is 6.8 to 7.0
    C.) Blood is about 55 percent plasma.
    D.) Blood contains buffers that control pH.
    E.) Cells in blood comprise the formed elements.
    B.) The normal pH of blood is 6.8 to 7.0
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. 49.) The primary function of ADH is to

    A.) decrease the amount of water lost at the kidneys.
    B.) increase the amount of sodium lost at the kidneys.
    C.) delay urination.
    D.) decrease blood pressure.
    E.) increase digestive absorption.
    A.) decrease the amount of water lost at the kidneys.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. 50.) The disease sickle cell anemia is an example of what can happen if

    A.) hemolysis is prevented by a mutated gene.
    B.) red blood cells bind too much oxygen.
    C.) the diet is deficient in iron.
    D.) there is insufficient heme in the hemoglobin.
    E.) a gene for adult hemoglobin is abnormal.
    E.) a gene for adult hemoglobin is abnormal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. 51.) The percent fraction of formed elements relative to whole blood is the

    A.) hematocrit
    B.) specific gravity
    C.) viscosity
    D.) packed volume.
    E.) differential cell count.
    A.) hematocrit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. 52.) Which of the following directly regulates the secretion of insulin

    A.) tropic hormones from the pituitary gland
    B.) hypothalamus
    C.) sympathetic nervous system
    D.) parasympathetic nervous system
    E.) Blood-glucose concentration
    E.) Blood-glucose concentration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. 53.) Parathyroid hormone does all of the following, except that it doesn’t

    A.) enhance the reabsorption of calcium at the kidneys
    B.) inhibit osteoblast activity.
    C.) stimulate osteoclast activity.
    D.) build up bone.
    E.) stimulate the formation and secretion of calcitriol at the kidneys.
    B.) inhibit osteoblast activity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. 54.) Hormones can operate on the ______ level of organization.

    A.) tissue
    B.) cellular
    C.) organismic
    D.) all of the answers are correct
    E.) organ
    D.) all of the answers are correct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. 55.) Which of the following organs contain target cells for oxytocin?

    A.) uterus
    B.) all of the answers are correct
    C.) ductus deferens
    D.) prostate
    E.) mammary glands
    B.) all of the answers are correct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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