A & P II Test 2 Review.txt

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fnmason
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209962
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A & P II Test 2 Review.txt
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2013-03-28 06:44:27
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Heart Lymphatics
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A & P II Test 2 Review -The Heart/Lymphatics
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  1. 1. _______ are clusters of lymphatic nodules deep to the epithelial lining of the small intestine.

    A. Peyer patches
    B. Adenoids
    C. Lymph Glands
    D. Tonsils
    E. Immune complexes
    A. Peyer patches
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2. Venoconstriction ________ the amount of blood within the venous system, which _______the volume in the arterial and capillary systems.

    A. reduces; increases
    B. reduces; reduces
    C. doubles; decreases
    D. increases; reduces
    E. decreases; doubles
    A. reduces; increases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3. The left ventricle pumps blood to the

    A. pulmonary circuit.
    B. aorta.
    C. lungs.
    D. right ventricle.
    E. right atrium.
    B. aorta.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4. The ______ delivers blood to the myocardium.

    A. superior vena cava
    B. cardiac veins
    C. coronary arteries
    D. coronary sinus
    E. carotid arteries
    C. coronary arteries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. The lymphatic system is composed of all of the following, except

    A. the venae cavae.
    B. the spleen.
    C. lymph.
    D. lymph nodes.
    E. lymphatic vessels.
    A. the venae cavae.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6. The term lymphadenopathy refers to

    A. the lack of lymphocytes in peripheral circulation.
    B. a chronic or excessive enlargement of lymph nodes.
    C. increased numbers of circulating lymphocytes.
    D. a congenital lack of lymph nodes.
    E. accumulations of lymph in the tissue space.
    B. a chronic or excessive enlargement of lymph nodes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7. Venoconstriction reduces the diameter of which vessel?

    A. vein
    B. arteriole
    C. venule
    D. capillary
    E. artery
    A. vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. The bicuspid or mitral valve is located

    A. where the venae cavae join the right atrium.
    B. between the left atrium and left ventricle.
    C. in the opening of the aorta.
    D. in the opening of the pulmonary trunk.
    E. between the right atrium and right ventricle.
    B. between the left atrium and left ventricle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9. Which part of the vascular system functions as a blood reservoir and contains over 60% of the body’s blood?

    A. pulmonary arteries
    B. systemic arterioles
    C. arteries
    D. veins
    E. capillaries
    D. veins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10. Blood returning to the heart from the pulmonary circuit first enters the

    A. left ventricle.
    B. conus arteriosus.
    C. right atrium.
    D. left atrium.
    E. right ventricle.
    D. left atrium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11. Arrange the structures in the following list in the order that blood will encounter as it flows from the output side to the input side of the cardiovascular flow circuit.

    1. venules
    2. arterioles
    3. capillaries
    4. elastic arteries
    5. medium veins
    6. large veins
    7. muscular arteries

    A. 4, 7, 2, 3, 1, 5, 6
    B. 5, 6, 1, 3, 2, 7, 4
    C. 7, 4, 2, 3, 1, 5, 6
    D. 2, 7, 6, 3, 1, 5, 6
    E. 6, 5, 1, 3, 2, 7, 4
    A. 4, 7, 2, 3, 1, 5, 6
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12. Which of the following descriptions matches the term near the left fifth intercostals space?

    A. apex of heart
    B. pericardial cavity
    C. aorta
    D. visceral pericardium
    E. right atrium
    A. apex of heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13. Arteriosclerosis can lead to

    A. coronary artery disease.
    B. hypertension.
    C. myocardial infarction.
    D. All of the answers are correct.
    E. stroke.
    D. All of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14. Artery is to _____as vein is to _____.

    A. toward; away
    B. efferent; afferent
    C. afferent; away
    D. afferent; efferent
    E. efferent; away
    B. efferent; afferent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15. The right atrium receives blood from the

    A. All of the answers are correct.
    B. systemic circuit.
    C. inferior vena cava.
    D. superior vena cava.
    E. coronary sinus.
    B. systemic circuit.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16. Immunity that is genetically determined and present at birth is called _______ immunity.

    A. active
    B. auto
    C. innate
    D. passive
    E. natural passive
    C. innate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17. Fear can result in

    A. decreased heart rate.
    B. increased stimulation of the cardioinhibitory center by higher brain centers.
    C. increased stimulation of the cardioaccelerator center by higher brain centers.
    D. parasympathetic stimulation.
    E. decreased blood pressure.
    C. increased stimulation of the cardioaccelerator center by higher brain centers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18. The cells directly responsible for cellular immunity are the _____ cells.

    A. plasma
    B. cytotoxic T
    C. suppressor T
    D. helper T
    E. B.
    B. cytotoxic T
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19. Which of the following is the most likely to result from an aneurysm in a brain artery?

    A. pulmonary embolism
    B. stroke
    C. hypotension
    D. quadriplegia
    E. myocardial infarction
    B. stroke
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20. _______ are large lymphatic nodules that are located in the wall of the pharynx.

    A. tonsils
    B. Peyer patches
    C. spleens
    D. immune complexes
    E. lymph nodes
    A. tonsils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21. Examples of physical barriers against pathogens include

    A. sebaceous glands.
    B. epithelia.
    C. All of the answers are correct.
    D. mucus.
    E. epidermal layers.
    C. All of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. 22. The large vessels that return blood to the heart are called

    A. veins.
    B. venules.
    C. arterioles.
    D. capillaries.
    E. arteries.
    A. veins.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23. The visceral pericardium is the same as the

    A. parietal pericardium.
    B. myocardium.
    C. endocardium.
    D. mediastinum.
    E. epicardium.
    E. epicardium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24. The lymphatic system does all of the following, except that it

    A. transports gases to and away from lymph nodes.
    B. transports lipids from the digestive tract.
    C. helps maintain normal blood volume.
    D. eliminates variations in the composition of interstitial fluid.
    E. fights infection.
    A. transports gases to and away from lymph nodes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25. The cells responsible for humoral immunity are the _____ cells.

    A. cytotoxic T
    B. B
    C. helper T
    D. suppressor T
    E. NK
    B. B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26. Lymphocytes may be found in which of the following tissue or organs?

    A. tonsils
    B. all of the answers are correct.
    C. spleen
    D. lymph nodes
    E. thymus
    B. all of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27. The structure that permits blood flow from the right atrium to the left atrium in the fetal circulation is the

    A. coronary sinus.
    B. interatrial septum.
    C. fossa ovalis.
    D. ligamentum arteriosus.
    E. foramen ovale.
    E. foramen ovale.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28. Lymphocytes that destroy foreign cells or virus-infected cells are ____ cells.

    A. suppressor T
    B. cytotoxic T
    C. plasma
    D. B
    E. helper T
    B. cytotoxic T
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29. Which structure do RBCs move through single file?

    A. capillary
    B. arteriole
    C. artery
    D. venule
    E. vein
    A. capillary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30. What vessels hold the larger percentage of the blood supply?

    A. arteriole
    B. capillary
    C. vein
    D. artery
    E. venule
    C. vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31. After blood leaves the capillaries, it enters the

    A. capillaries.
    B. venules.
    C. arterioles.
    D. veins.
    E. arteries.
    B. venules.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 32. Clinically, the term blood pressure usually refers to

    A. arteriovenous pressure.
    B. pulse pressure.
    C. peripheral pressure.
    D. capillary hydrostatic pressure.
    E. arterial pressure.
    E. arterial pressure.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. 33. In general, lymphocytes

    A. are produced and mature only in red bone marrow.
    B. spend most of their time circulating in the blood.
    C. spend most of their time in lymphatic tissue.
    D. have relatively short life spans.
    E. have two nuclei.
    C. spend most of their time in lymphatic tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. 34. In what vessel is blood pressure the highest?

    A. arteriole
    B. artery
    C. venule
    D. capillary
    E. vein
    B. artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. 35. The body’s innate defenses include all of the following, except

    A. interferon.
    B. complement
    C. antibodies.
    D. inflammation.
    E. the skin.
    C. antibodies.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 36. The right pulmonary veins carry ______ blood to the _____

    A. deoxygenated; superior vena cava
    B. oxygenated; right lung
    C. deoxygenated; left atrium
    D. deoxygenated; right atrium
    E. oxygenated; left atrium
    E. oxygenated; left atrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 37. Which of the following affects blood flow through the body?

    A. blood viscosity
    B. vessel diameter
    C. All of the answers are correct.
    D. turbulence
    E. vascular resistance
    C. All of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. 38. Blood flowing into the heart from the venae cavae flows next through the ____valve.

    A. pulmonary semilunar
    B. mitral
    C. tricuspid
    D. aortic semilunar
    E. bicuspid
    C. tricuspid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. 39. The adult heart is roughly the size of

    A. the gallbladder.
    B. the hand of a 10-year-old.
    C. the liver.
    D. the brain.
    E. a man’s clenched fist.
    E. a man’s clenched fist.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. 40. The atrioventricular valves permit blood flow

    A. in many directions.
    B. in one direction only.
    C. in opposite directions on the right and left.
    D. in both directions.
    E. from a ventricle to an atrium.
    B. in one direction only.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. 41. T is to ______as B is to ______

    A. thyroid; bowel
    B. top; bottom
    C. trabeculae; bursa
    D. non-thymus-dependant; bottom
    E. thymus-dependent; bone marrow –derived
    E. thymus-dependent; bone marrow –derived
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. 42. The primary function of the lymphatic system is

    A. the production and distribution of plasma proteins.
    B. circulation of nutrients.
    C. circulation of dissolved gases.
    D. defending the body against both environmental hazards and internal threats.
    E. the transport or hormones.
    D. defending the body against both environmental hazards and internal threats.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. 43. The right ventricle pumps blood to the

    A. left atrium.
    B. aorta.
    C. left ventricle.
    D. right atrium.
    E. right and left lungs.
    E. right and left lungs.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. 44. Coronary veins empty into the

    A. left atrium.
    B. left ventricle.
    C. right ventricle.
    D. right atrium.
    E. conus arteriosus.
    D. right atrium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. 45. Lymph nodes do all of the following, except that they

    A. Monitor the contents of lymph.
    B. Accumulate cancer cells.
    C. Remove excess nutrients from the lymph.
    D. Produce antibodies.
    E. Remove debris and pathogens from the lymph.
    C. Remove excess nutrients from the lymph.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. 46. Blood returning to the heart from the systemic circuit first enters the

    A. right atrium
    B. left ventricle.
    C. left atrium.
    D. right ventricle.
    E. conus arteriosus.
    A. right atrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. 47. Compared to arteries, veins

    A. Have thinner walls.
    B. Are more elastic
    C. Have a pleated endothelium.
    D. Have more smooth muscle in their tunic media.
    E. Hold their shape better when cut.
    A. Have thinner walls.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. 48. Blood pressure is lowest in the


    A. arterioles.
    B. capillaries.
    C. arteries.
    D. veins.
    E. venules.
    D. veins.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. 49. Excess fluid in the ____ causes cardiac tamponade.

    A. both atria
    B. visceral pericardium
    C. left ventricle
    D. pericardial cavity
    E. apex of the heart
    D. pericardial cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. 50. Factors that increase the risk of atheroscleroisis include which of the following?

    A. lack of exercise
    B. obesity
    C. smoking
    D. high cholesterol
    E. All of the answers are correct
    E. All of the answers are correct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. 51. Blood pressure is determined by


    A. estimating the degree of turbulence in a partly closed vessel.
    B. estimating the pressure needed to close off an artery with an external pressure cuff.
    C. listening carefully to the pulse.
    D. measuring the size of the pulse.
    E. measuring the force of contraction of the left ventricle.
    B. estimating the pressure needed to close off an artery with an external pressure cuff.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. 52. Inflammation produces localized

    A. All of the answers are correct.
    B. heat.
    C. redness.
    D. swelling.
    E. pain
    A. All of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. 53. Venous valves are responsible for

    A. preventing blood from re-entering a ventricle.
    B. channeling blood away from the heart.
    C. preventing anterograde flow.
    D. regulating blood pressure in veins.
    E. channeling blood toward the heart.
    E. channeling blood toward the heart.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. 54. Blood leaves the right ventricle by passing through the

    A. bicuspid valve.
    B. pulmonary valve.
    C. aortic valve.
    D. mitral valve.
    E. tricuspid valve.
    B. pulmonary valve.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. 55. Lymphocytes provide an adaptive or specific defense known as the

    A. lymphocytic response.
    B. immune response.
    C. inflammation of tissues.
    D. adaptive defense.
    E. phagocytic response.
    B. immune response.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. 56. Most of the lymph returns to the venous circulation by way of the

    A. hepatic portal vein.
    B. right lymphatic duct.
    C. thoracic duct
    D. cisterna chyli.
    E. dural sinus.
    C. thoracic duct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. 57. Newborns gain their immunity initially from

    A. contact with siblings.
    B. breast milk.
    C. early immunizations.
    D. antibodies passed across the placenta from the mother.
    E. contact with viruses and bacteria.
    D. antibodies passed across the placenta from the mother.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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